If you think you have found an aquatic invasive species:
- take photos
- the exact location (GPS coordinates)
- the observation date
- identifying features
- a robust, laterally compressed body
- a large, long head with dark bars that radiate back from the eyes
- a long, blunt snout with a slightly longer lower jaw
- two joined dorsal fins that appear as one
- the back and top of the head range from brown to green
- the sides are lighter than the back, more golden with golden flecks on most scales and marked by 8 to 15 pronounced to vague, thin vertical bars
- the underside is cream to white
- the pectoral fins are clear and the others are opaque, dark to amber with some black on rays, spines or membranes
- the body colour is variable with size, condition and habitat. In clear water they are darker with pronounced, contrasting markings, and in turbid water they are lighter, with blurred markings.
Where it has been found
In Canada, it occurs in southern Nova Scotia, southern and western New Brunswick, southern Quebec, through Ontario at the latitude of Timmins, at the south end of Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba, in central Saskatchewan. In B.C., it has been introduced to the Columbia River system, as well as Saltspring Island and southern Vancouver Island.
The Smallmouth Bass is a warm-water fish species, usually found in moderately shallow, rocky and sandy areas of lakes and rivers and in near shoals or submerged logs. It is less often associated with dense growths of aquatic vegetation than largemouth bass. It is less often associated with dense growths of aquatic vegetation than largemouth bass. This species has been introduced intentionally for sport fishing opportunities as well as accidentally with live bait.
Ecological and economic impacts
Smallmouth Bass are considered top predators and can reduce native fish populations or alter their behaviour. They may also affect the native food web by reducing small invertebrates and fish. Once established, this species can rapidly dominate. It has been found to feed upon migrating salmon smolts and may pose a threat to salmon populations if the timing of the salmon run coincides with active bass populations.
Origins and mode of arrival
The Smallmouth Bass is a freshwater fish native to the lakes and rivers of eastern central North America.
Mode of dissemination
There are many factors favoring Smallmouth Bass invasion including the small size at which it begin piscivory, juvenile use of cover, low overlap with other predators and high fecundity combined with parental care.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada is studying the Smallmouth Bass population to improve its understanding of how it reacts and adapts to Canadian conditions.
For further information
- Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat (CSAS) Publications
- Biological Synopsis of Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu)
Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2887, 2009 – Fisheries and Oceans Canada
- Biological Risk Assessment for Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu) and Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) in British Columbia. (CSAS resdocs - 2008/075)
Research document – 2008/075 – Fisheries and Oceans Canada
- Potential impact of Smallmouth Bass introductions on Atlantic Salmon: A risk assessment. (CSAS SAR - 2009/003) Feature article, DFO Can.Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2009/003– Fisheries and Oceans Canada
- Proceedings of the National Workshop on Six Invasive Fishes Risk Assessment in British Columbia (CSAS pro - 2009/040)
- Science Advisory Report (CSAS SAR - 2010/085)
- Brown, T.G., Runciman B., Pollard, S., Grant, A.D.A., and Bradford, M.J. 2009. Biological synopsis of Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu). Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2887: v + 50 p.
- Tovey, C. P., Bradford, M. J., Herborg, L. M., & Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Ottawa, ON (Canada); Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat, Ottawa, ON (Canada). (2009). Biological risk assessment for Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) in British Columbia (No. 2008/075). DFO, Ottawa, ON (Canada).
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