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Japanese Skeleton Shrimp

Caprella mutica

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If you think you have found an aquatic invasive species:

  1. take photos
  2. note:
    • the exact location (GPS coordinates)
    • the observation date
    • identifying features
  3. contact us to report it
The Japanese Skeleton Shrimp is an amphipod crustacean (such as beach fleas) from eastern Asia.

The Japanese Skeleton Shrimp is an amphipod crustacean (such as beach fleas) from eastern Asia.

Japanese Skeleton Shrimp distribution in Gulf region

Japanese Skeleton Shrimp distribution in Gulf region
Click image to enlarge

Identifying features

Similar species (native)

There are several native caprellid species that resemble the Japanese Skeleton Shrimp. However, these species grow mainly on natural substrates and are not hairy.

Where it has been found

It was first reported in eastern Canada in the 1990's in the Bay of Fundy, and was then reported in Prince Edward Island in 1998, in Quebec in Chaleur Bay in 2003 and recently on the coasts of British Columbia. It is also present on the Gulf shore of Nova Scotia as well as the northeastern shore of New Brunswick.


Common on man-made structures such as ropes, buoys, artificial reefs, breakwaters and mussel aquaculture socks. Often very abundant.

Like many invasive species Japanese Skeleton Shrimp reproduces rapidly, has a varied diet and tolerates a wide range of temperatures and salinities.

Japanese Skeleton Shrimp

Japanese Skeleton Shrimp. © MAPAQ B. Thomas.

Japanese Skeleton Shrimp

Japanese Skeleton Shrimp

Ecological and economic impacts

Ecological threats

Despite the introduction of Japanese Skeleton Shrimp in several countries.

Few direct or indirect impacts have been observed fallowing the Japanese Skeleton Shrimp introduction in several countries. As this species abundance is higher during the summer, it would be more likely to observe its impact during this season.

Socioeconomic threats

Infests man-made structures such as buoys and mussel aquaculture socks, sometimes reaching numbers of 100,000 individuals per square meter. It may compete with mussels for food and space.

Japanese Skeleton Shrimp

Japanese Skeleton Shrimp

Origins and mode of arrival

Native from eastern Asia

The transport of organisms for aquaculture and by ballast waters are identified as the most plausible vectors of introduction in North America.

Government action

Scientific research

Fisheries and Oceans Canada is studying the Japanese Skeleton Shrimp population to improve its understanding of how it reacts and adapts to Canadian conditions and to follow the species distribution in St. Lawrence River.

Japanese Skeleton Shrimp Distribution in Newfoundland Waters.

Click image to enlarge.

Distribution Location and Bay
  • Bar Haven: Placentia Bay
  • Bay East: Fortune Bay
  • Big Southwest Cove: Placentia Bay
  • Darbys Harbour: Placentia Bay
  • Fox Harbour: Placentia Bay
  • Foxtrap: Conception Bay
  • Jean de Gaunt: Placentia Bay
  • Marystown: Placentia Bay
  • Paradise Sound: Placentia Bay
  • Petite Forte: Placentia Bay
  • Port aux Basques: Southwest Coast
  • Presque Harbour: Placentia Bay
  • Salmonier Cove: Connaigre Bay
  • Sunnyside: Trinity Bay

For further information


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