Fishing in pursuit of a moderate livelihood
Thirty-four First Nations in the Maritimes and Gaspé region, and the Peskotomuhkati, have a treaty right to fish in pursuit of a moderate livelihood: the Government of Canada recognizes this right and continues to work with First Nations to implement the Marshall decisions.
Historical treaties signed with Mi'kmaq and Maliseet First Nations and the Peskotomuhkati prior to 1779.
An overview of the Marshall decision and Marshall II, including the implicated 34 First Nations, and the Peskotomuhkati.
Our actions to-date in response to the Marshall decisions.
Our new approach for the 2021 commercial fishing season to support First Nations.
The fisheries science and science advice that informs our fisheries management decisions.
Recommendations to improve understanding, trust and relationships among Indigenous and non-Indigenous fish harvesters.
What we are doing across Canada
Our plan to build a renewed relationship with Indigenous peoples across all areas of the department—fisheries, oceans, aquatic habitat and marine waterways.
Strategy objectives and outcomes for fisheries where land claims settlements have not already put a fisheries management regime in place.
Overview of how fishing for food, social and ceremonial purposes is protected under the Constitution.
Treaties in British Columbia and Yukon that contain Aboriginal fisheries agreements.
Funding and support to Mi`kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy Indigenous communities in the Atlantic.
Funding for building capacity of commercial fisheries and co-management for West Coast First Nations.
Funding for development of Northern Indigenous-owned communal commercial fishing enterprises and aquaculture operations.
Findings and recommendations shaped by Indigenous peoples who have participated in the our programs.
Treaties, agreements and negotiations in Canada
Learn about historic and modern treaties in Canada, treaty rights and the treaty relationship.
Find out about land claims negotiations and other talks with partners to advance reconciliation across Canada.
Over 80 discussion tables across the country exploring new ways of working together to advance the recognition of Indigenous rights and self-determination
- Minister Jordan issues statement on cooperative path forward with Potlotek First Nation (2021-06-04)
- Minister Jordan issues statement on a new path for First Nations to fish in pursuit of a moderate livelihood (2021-03-03)
- Minister Jordan reinforces conservation top priority in fisheries management (2020-11-13)
- Joint Statement from Minister Jordan and Minister Bennett (2020-09-21)
- Statement from Minister Jordan regarding the ongoing tensions in Nova Scotia’s fisheries (2020-09-18)
- Acadia First Nation joining Bear River and Annapolis Valley First Nations in fishing in pursuit of a moderate livelihood (2021-11-18)
- Interim understanding reached that will see Bear River and Annapolis Valley First Nations members fishing in pursuit of a moderate livelihood (2021-10-13)
- Reconciliation in Action: Fisheries Agreement reached between Government of Canada and the Listuguj Mi’gmaq Government (2021-04-18)
- Government of Canada appoints Federal Special Representative to facilitate discussions between commercial lobster industry and First Nations in Atlantic Canada (2020-10-23)
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