Marine sectors in Canada summary tables

Activities dependent on the ocean make a substantial contribution to the Canadian economy. Fisheries and naval installations provided the rationale for the first European settlement. Fish processing, shipbuilding and marine transportation followed, providing the basis for economic development and growth on all three of Canada's coasts. These ocean activities defined settlement patterns that continue to this day.

New marine economic activities emerged over the years including tourism, aquaculture, bio-technologies, specialized manufacturing and offshore oil and gas exploration and development. A wide range of service industries support these activities. Together, they create opportunities as well as challenges borne of increased and oftentimes competing uses of ocean space.

The tables presented here provide estimates of the economic contribution of marine sectors in Canada for the years 2012 to 2016. These estimates cover all major private sector activities with a direct dependence on the oceans (extractive and non-extractive uses) as well as activities of public sector organizations with responsibilities for safety, managing ocean activities and research.

Gross Domestic Product by industry 2012-2016
Gross Domestic Product contribution to provincial and territorial economies 2016
Employment by industry and year 2012-2016
Direct, indirect and induced Gross Domestic Product 2016
Employment contribution to provincial and territorial economies 2016
Direct, indirect and induced employment (jobs) 2016

Marine sectors methodology