Summary (abstract) of Technical Report: State of the Arctic Ocean Report, 2019
State of Canada’s Arctic Seas
Niemi, A., Ferguson, S., Hedges, K., Melling, H., Michel, C., Ayles, B., Azetsu-Scott, K., Coupel, P., Deslauriers, D., Devred, E., Doniol-Valcroze, T., Dunmall, K., Eert, J., Galbraith, P., Geoffroy, M., Gilchrist, G., Hennin, H., Howland, K., Kendall, M., Kohlbach, D., Lea, E., Loseto, L., Majewski, A., Marcoux, M., Matthews, C., McNicholl, D., Mosnier, A., Mundy, C.J., Ogloff, W., Perrie, W., Richards, C., Richardson, E., Reist, R., Roy, V., Sawatzky, C., Scharffenberg, K., Tallman, R., Tremblay, J-É., Tufts, T., Watt, C., Williams, W., Worden, E., Yurkowski, D., Zimmerman, S. 2019. State of Canada’s Arctic Seas. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3344: xv + 189 p.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) committed to informing Canadians on the state of Canada’s three oceans as part of an Ecosystem Reporting initiative established in 2016. This report presents a synthesis of current knowledge, focusing primarily on information from the past five years, for the Canadian Arctic region. Information from scientific research programs and Inuit knowledge assessments is included. Structuring elements of the Arctic Ocean are discussed to provide the context for how ecosystems are currently functioning and/or changing. Ecosystem variability and neighbourhood connectivity are key themes presented in the report and specific sections focus on co-management and coastal ecosystems. Case studies provide theme-based examples of current ecosystem status. Key messages identify new baseline understanding of the Canadian Arctic region and current ecosystem responses to changes in sea-ice conditions.
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