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Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures (OECM) Protection Standard

The OECM Protection Standard is based on a recommendation from the National Advisory Panel on Marine Protected Area Standards.

The Panel recommended that:

“When industrial activities are allowed to occur in areas counted as other effective area-based conservation measures, the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard must be satisfied through effective legislation or regulation that risks to intended biodiversity outcomes are avoided or mitigated. 

The recommendation was the result of 6 months of extensive engagement across Canada:

“All activities in marine refuges will continue to be assessed on a case-by-case basis to ensure that . . .the risks to the biodiversity outcomes of the area have been avoided or mitigated effectively. “

Jonathan Wilkinson, (former) Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard in the Government of Canada Response to the National Advisory Panel's Final Report, April 2019.

The OECM Protection Standard is implemented through the 2022 Guidance for recognizing marine OECMs.

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