2021 Snow Crab Fishery, Newfoundland and Labrador - Snow Crab fishery in Newfoundland and Labrador (Areas 2HJ, 3KLNO, 3Ps, and 4R3Pn)

Fishing season

The following table contains three columns. The first column lists each NAFO Division. The second column lists the Crab Fishing Area. The third column lists the 2021 season dates.

NAFO Division Crab Management Area 2021 Season Dates
2HJ 2H, 2J North TBD
2J south All fleets TBD
3K 3A April 19 – July 15
3BC, 4 April 14 – June 30
3B, 3D April 19 – June 30
3C April 26 – June 30
3LNO 8Bx south April 5 – July 15
Most Fleets April 5 – July 31
3Ps All fleets April 5 – June 30
4R3Pn All fleets April 5 – June 15

Total allowable catch

The Total Allowable Catch (TAC) for Newfoundland and Labrador Region in 2021 is 38,186 tonnes, an overall quota level increase of 29% from 2020. This includes a 20% decrease in 2HJ, a 16% increase in 3K, a 34% increase in 3LNO, a 53% increase in the 3Ps quota, a 35% increase in 4R3Pn, and a status quo for the Collaborative Post-Season Trap Survey (Use of Fish) quota.

The following table contains two columns. The first column lists the area. The second column lists the quota in tonnes. The last row identifies the total allowable catch.

Area Quota (t)*
2HJ 1,287
3K 7,454
3LNO 23,648
3Ps 5,047
4R3Pn 350
CPS Trap Survey 400
Total 38,186

The following table contains five columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the fulltime - large supplementary quotas. The fifth column lists the communal quota.

Division 2HJ 2021 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Fulltime & Supplementary Communal
2H North of 56o 00’ N - - 100
2J north North of 54o 40’ N to 56o 00’ N  -  - 198
2J south South of 54° 40’ N 197 792  -

The 2HJ TAC is 1,287 tonnes.

The following table contains four columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the fulltime - large supplementary quotas.

Division 3K 2021 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Fulltime & supplementary
3A Canada Bay 321  -
3B White Bay 365  -
3C Green Bay 500  -
3BC Inshore 3K 205  -
3D Fogo/Twillingate 974  -
4 Offshore 22 5,066

The 3K TAC is 7,454 tonnes.

The following table contains six columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the small supplementary or commercial quotas. The fifth column lists the fulltime - large supplementary quotas. The sixth column lists the greater than 65 foot quotas.

Divisions 3LNO 2021 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Small
supplementary
Fulltime & supplementary > 65'
5A Bonavista Bay 891  -  -  -
6A Trinity Bay 1,089  -  -  -
6B Conception Bay 576  -  -  -
6C Eastern Avalon (inside 25) 475  -  -  -
8A Southern Shore (inside 25) 417  -  -  -
9A St. Mary’s Bay 250  -  -  -
8B Southern Avalon (offshore)  - 629  -  -
8Bx Southern Avalon  - 88  -  -
8Bx North Northern portion of Southern Avalon  - 360  -  -
8Bx South Southern portion of Southern Avalon  - 497  -  -
NS Nearshore  - 3,804  -  -
MS Midshore  - 4,181 1,735  -
MS/EX Mid-shore extended  -  - 4,138  -
3L EX Between 170 and 200 miles  -  - 2,896  -
3L 200 3L Outside 200 miles  -  - 927  -
3N 200 3N Outside 200 miles  -  - 496  -
3NO 200 3NO Outside 200 miles  -  -  - 199

The 3LNO TAC is 23,648 tonnes.

The following table contains four columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the small supplementary quota(s).

Sub-division 3Ps 2021 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Small
supplementary
10A Placentia Bay north of 46o30’N 2,016  -
10B Placentia Bay south of 46o30’N  - 2,526
11S CFA 11 south of 46o30’N 169 186
11E CFA 11 east of Western Head 119  -
11W CFA 11 west of Western Head 33  -

The 3Ps TAC is 5,047 tonnes.

The following table contains four columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the commercial quotas.

Division 4R3Pn 2021 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Commercial
12 Outside of 8 mile - Group 1  - 8
12 Outside of 8 mile - Group 2  - 58
12 Outside of 8 mile - Group 3  - 14
12 Bay of Islands  - 38
12 Bay St. George  - 18
12A Lapoile Bay 2  -
12B Cape Ray to Johnson’s Cove 4  -
12C Johnson’s Cove to Cape St. George 116  -
12D Cape St. George to Bear Head 19  -
12E Bear Head to Cape St. Gregory 32  -
12F Inner Bay of Islands 32  -
12G Cape St. Gregory to Broom Point CLOSED  -
12H Broom Point to Table Point 12  -

The 4R3Pn TAC is 350 tonnes.

The Collaborative Post-Season Trap Survey (Use of Fish) TAC is 400 tonnes.

The overall TAC is 38,186 tonnes.

Management measures

The proposed management approach for 2021 includes 6.4m limit of floating rope, the continuation of the soft-shell protocol, decreasing quota levels in Divisions 2HJ and increasing quota levels in Divisions 3K, 3LNO, 4R3Pn and Subdivision 3Ps.

Areas 3N outside 200 miles, 11E, 11W, 12A, 12B, 12D and 12H will operate under a harvesting cap management regime. In addition, grid based soft-shell protocols are continued in all areas. Areas closed as a result of soft-shell Crab will remain closed for the remainder of the year. Grids closed for soft-shell crab in Shrimp Fishing Areas 4, 5 or 6 will also be closed to Shrimp harvesting for 60 days. All season closure dates are subject to modification if there is a high incidence of soft-shell Crab encountered in the fishery. An individual quota (IQ) does not guarantee that all Crab will be landed.

Division 2HJ

The overall quota of Snow crab in 2HJ will be decreased by 20% in 2021 to 1,287 tonnes from 1,600 tonnes in 2020.

  • Harvest levels in 2J North will be decreased by 25% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in 2J South will be decreased by 20% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in 2H will remain unchanged in 2021.

Division 3K

The overall quota of Snow crab in 3K will increase by 16% in 2021 to 7,454 tonnes from 6,412 tonnes in 2020.

  • Harvest levels in 3D and 4 will be increased by 15% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in 3BC and 3C will be increased by 12% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in 3A and 3B will be increased by 10% in 2021.

Division 3LNO

The overall quota of Snow crab in 3LNO will be increased by 34% in 2021 to 23,648 tonnes from 17,587 tonnes in 2020.

  • Harvest levels in areas 8Bx north and 8Bx south will be increased by 70% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in areas Midshore extended, 3L extended and 3L 200 will be increased by 40% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in the Nearshore and in 8A will be increased by 35% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in areas 5A, Midshore, 8B and 8Bx will be increased by 30% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in area 6C and 9A will be increased by 25% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in area 6B will be increased by 20% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in area 6A will be increased by 15% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in area 3NO 200 will be increased by 10% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in area 3N 200 will remain unchanged in 2021.

Subdivision 3Ps

The overall quota for Snow crab in Sub- division 3Ps will be increased by 53% in 2021 to 5,047 tonnes from 3,292 tonnes in 2020.

  • Harvest levels in areas 10A will be increased by 60% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in areas 10B, 11S, and 11E will be increased by 50% in 2021
  • Harvest levels for area 11W will remain unchanged in 2021.

Division 4R and Subdivision 3Pn

The overall quota for Snow crab in division 4R and sub-division 3Pn will be increased by 35% in 2021 to 350 tonnes from 260 tonnes in 2020.

  • Harvest levels in areas 12C and Bay St. George will be increased by 75% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in areas 12E, 12F and Bay of Islands will be increased by 50% in 2021.
  • Harvest levels in Outside of 8 miles will remain unchanged in 2021.
  • Harvest caps in 12A, 12B and 12H will remain unchanged in 2021.
  • Harvest caps in 12D will double in 2021.
  • Area 12G will remain closed for the 2021 season.

In an effort to ensure the overall amount of crab allocated to harvesters does not exceed the quotas allocated, there may be some variance between the individual harvest level increases noted above and the total quota increases by Crab Management Area.

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