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Cetaceans reports and publications


Deecke, V.B., L.G. Barrett-Lennard, P. Spong, and J.K.B. Ford. 2010. The structure of stereotyped calls reflects kinship and social affiliation in resident killer whales (Orcinus orca). Naturwissenschaften 97(5): 513-8

Ford, J.K.B., G.M. Ellis, P.F. Olesiuk, and K.C. Balcomb. 2010. Linking killer whale survival and prey abundance: food limitation in the oceans’ apex predator? Biology Letters 6: 139-142

Nichol, L.M, R. Abernethy, L. Flostrand, T.S. Lee and J.K.B. Ford. 2010. Information relevant for the identification of Critical Habitats of North Pacific Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in British Columbia (CSAS resdocs - 2009/116). DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2009/116. iv + 40p.


Calambokidis, J., J. Barlow, J.K.B. Ford, T.E. Chandler, and A.B. Douglas. 2009. Insights into population structure of blue whales in the Eastern North Pacific from recent sightings and photographic identification. Marine Mammal Science.

Ford, J.K.B., A.L. Rambeau, R.M. Abernethy, M.D. Boogaards, L.M. Nichol and L.D. Spaven. 2009. An Assessment of the potential for recovery of humpback whales off the Pacific Coast of Canada. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2009/015. iv + 33 p. (CSAS resdocs - 2009/015)

Parsons, K.M. K.C. Balcomb, III, J.K.B. Ford, and J.W. Durban. 2009. The social dynamics of southern resident killer whales and conservation implications for the endangered population. Animal Behaviour 77: 963-971.


Ford, J.K.B., and R.R. Reeves. 2008. Fight or flight: anti-predator strategies of baleen whales. Mammal Rev. 38(1): 50-86.

Gregr, E.J., L.M. Nichol, J.C. Watson, J.K.B. Ford, and G.M. Ellis. 2008. Estimating carrying capacity for sea otters in British Columbia. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(2): 382-388.

Riesch, R. J.K.B. Ford, and F. Thomsen. 2008. Whistle sequences in wild killer whales (Orcinus orca). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 124(3): 1822-1829.

Steiger, G.H. J. Calambokidis, J.M. Straley, L.M. Herman, S. Cerchio, D.R. Salden, J. Urbán-R., J.K. Jacobsen, O. von Ziegesar, K.C. Balcomb, C.M. Gabriele, M.E. Dahlheim, S. Uchida, J.K.B. Ford, P. Ladrón de Guevara-P., M. Yamaguchi and J. Barlow. 2008. Geographic variation in killer whale attacks on humpback whales in the North Pacific: implication for predation pressure. Endang. Species. Res. 4:247-256 PDF


Ford, J.K.B., G.M. Ellis, and J.W. Durban. 2007. An Assessment of the potential for recovery of west coast transient killer whales using coastal waters of British Columbia. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc., 2007/088: 34 p. (CSAS resdocs - 2007/088)

Guinet, C., P. Domenici, R. de Stephanis, L. Barrett-Lennard, J.K.B. Ford, and P. Verborgh. 2007. Killer whale predation on bluefin tuna: exploring the hypothesis of the endurance-exhaustion technique. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 347: 111-119.

Hickie, B.E., P.S. Ross, R.W. MacDonald, and J.K.B. Ford. 2007. Killer whales (Orcinus orca) face protracted health risks associated with lifetime exposure to PCBs. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41: 6613-6619

Krahn, M.M., M.B. Hanson, R.W. Baird, R.H. Boyer, D.G. Burrows, C.K. Emmons, J.K.B. Ford, L.L. Jones, D.P. Noren, P.S. Ross, G.S. Schorr, and T.K. Collier. 2007. Persistent organic pollutants and stable isotopes in biopsy samples (2004/2006) from Southern Resident killer whales. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54: 1903-1911

Pitman, R.L., H. Fearnbach, R. LeDuc, J.W. Gilpatrick, Jr., J.K.B. Ford, and L.T. Ballance. 2007. Killer whales preying on a blue whale calf on the Costa Rica Dome: genetics, morphometrics, vocalisations and composition of the group. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 9(2): 151-157.

Trites, A.W., V.B. Deecke, E.J. Gregr, J.K.B. Ford, and P.F. Olesiuk. 2007. Killer whales, whaling, and sequential megafaunal collapse in the North Pacific: a comparative analysis of the dynamics of marine mammals in Alaska and British Columbia following commercial whaling. Marine Mammal Science, 23(4): 751-765.

Wade, P.R., V.N. Burkanov, M.E. Dahlheim, N.A. Friday, L.W. Fritz, T.R. Loughlin, S.A. Mizroch, M.M. Muto, D.W. Rice, L.G. Barrett-Lennard, N.A. Black, A.M. Burdin, J. Calambokidis, S. Cerchio, J.K.B. Ford, J.K. Jacobsen, C.O. Matkin, D.R. Matkin, A.V. Mehta, R.J. Small, J.M. Straley, S.M. McCluskey, G.R. VanBlaricom, and P.J. Clapham. 2007. Killer whales and marine mammal trends in the North Pacific - a re-examination of evidence for sequential megafauna collapse and the prey-switching hypothesis. Marine Mammal Science 23(4): 766-802.


Ford, J.K.B. 2006. An assessment of critical habitats of resident killer whales in waters off the Pacific coast of Canada. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc., 2006/072: 34 p. (CSAS resdocs - 2006/072)

Ford, J.K.B. and G.M. Ellis. 2006. Selective foraging by fish-eating killer whales Orcinus orca in British Columbia. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 316: 185-199.


Deecke, V.B., J.K.B. Ford, and P.J.B. Slater. 2005. The vocal behaviour of mammal-eating killer whales: communicating with costly calls. Animal Behaviour 69: 395-405.

Ford, J.K.B. 2005. First records of Long-beaked Common Dolphin, Delphinus capensis, in Canadian waters. Canadian Field-Naturalist 119 (1): 110-113.

Ford. J.K.B. G.M. Ellis, and P.F. Olesiuk. 2005. Linking prey and population dynamics: did food limitation cause recent declines of 'resident' killer whales (Orcinus orca) in British Columbia? DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc., 2005/042: 28 p. (CSAS resdocs - 2005/042)

Ford, J.K.B., G.M. Ellis, D.R. Matkin, K.C. Balcomb, D. Briggs, and A.B. Morton. 2005. Killer whale attacks on minke whales: prey capture and antipredator tactics. Marine Mammal Science, 21(4): 603-618.

Ford, J.K.B, and G.M. Ellis. 2005. Prey selection and food sharing by fish-eating 'resident' killer whales (Orcinus orca) in British Columbia (CSAS resdocs - 2005/041). DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc., 2005/041: 30 p.

Olesiuk, P.F., G.M. Ellis, J.K.B. Ford. 2005. Life history and population dynamics of Northern Resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in British Columbia (CSAS resdocs - 2005/045). DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc., 2005/045: 75 p.


Au, W.W.L., J.K.B. Ford, J.K. Horne, and K.A. Newman Allman. 2004. Echolocation signals of free-ranging killer whales (Orcinus orca) and modeling of foraging for chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 115 (2): 901-909.

Rayne, S., M.G. Ikonomou, P.S. Ross, G.M. Ellis and L.G. Barrett-Lennard. 2004. PBDEs, PBBs, and PCNs in Three Communities of Free-Ranging Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) from the Northeastern Pacific Ocean. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38(16): 4293-4299.

Vagle, S., J.K.B. Ford, N. Erickson, N. Hall-Patch and G. Kamitakahara. 2004. Acoustic recording systems for baleen whales and killer whales on the west coast of Canada. Canadian Acoustics, 32: 23-32.


Heise, K.A., N.A. Sloan, P.F. Olesiuk, P.M. Bartier and J.K.B. Ford. 2003. Living marine legacy of Gwaii Haanas. IV: Marine mammal baseline to 2003 and marine mammal-related management issues throughout the Haida Gwaii region. Parks Canada Technical Reports in Ecosystem Science, Rep., 38: 150 pp.


Deecke, V.B., P.J.B. Slater, and J.K.B. Ford. 2002. Selective habituation shapes acoustic predator recognition in harbour seals. Nature 420: 171-173.

Ford, J.K.B. 2002. Dialects. In Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. (W. F. Perrin, B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen. Eds.). Academic Press, New York. pp. 322-323.

Nichol, L. M., E. J. Gregr, R. Flinn, J.K.B. Ford, R. Gurney, L. Michaluk, and A. Peacock. 2002. British Columbia Commercial Whaling Catch Data 1908 to 1967: A Detailed Description of the B.C. Historical Whaling Database. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2396: viii + 76 p.

Olesiuk, P.F., L.M. Nichol, M.J. Sowden and J.K.B. Ford. 2002. Effect of the sound generated by an acoustic harassment device on the relative abundance and distribution of harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in Retreat Passage, British Columbia. Marine Mammal Science, 18:843-862.

Thomsen, F., D. Franck and J.K.B. Ford. 2002. On the communicative significance of whistles in wild killer whales (Orcinus orca). Naturwissenschaften, 89 (9):404-407.

Williams, R.M., D.E. Bain, J.K.B. Ford and A.W. Trites. 2002. Behavioural responses of male killer whales to a -leapfrogging- vessel. J. Cetacean Res. Manage., 4:305-310.

Yurk, H., L. Barrett-Lennard, J.K.B. Ford, and C.O. Matkin. 2002. Cultural transmission within maternal lineages: vocal clans in resident killer whales in southern Alaska. Animal behaviour, 63: 1103-1119 PDF


Barrett-Lennard, L.G. and G.M. Ellis. 2001. Population Structure and Genetic variability in Northeastern Pacific Killer Whales: Towards an Assessment of Population Viability. Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc., 2001/065

Barrett-Lennard, L.G., V.B. Deecke, H. Yurk and J.K.B. Ford. 2001. A sound approach to the study of culture. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 24:325-326.

Culik, B.M., S. Koschinski, N. Tregenza and G.M. Ellis. 2001. Reactions of harbor porpoises Phocena phocena and herring Clupea harengus to acoustic alarms. Mar. ecol., Prog. ser., 211:255-260.

Thomsen, F., D. Franck and J.K.B. Ford. 2001. Characteristics of whistles from the acoustic repertoire of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. , 109:1240-1246.

Selected Publications Prior to 2001

Deecke, V.B., J.K.B. Ford, and P. Spong. 1999. Quantifying complex patterns of bioacoustic variation: Use of a neural network to compare killer whale (Orcinus orca) dialects. J. Acoust. Soci. Am., 105 (4): 2499-2507.

Ford, J.K.B., G.M. Ellis, L.G. Barrett-Lennard, A.B. Morton, R.S. Palm and K.C. Balcomb III. 1998. Dietary specialization in two sympatric populations of killer whales (Orcinus orca) in coastal British Columbia and adjacent waters. Can. J. Zool., 76: 1456-1471.

Ford, J.K.B. 1991. Vocal traditions among resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in coastal waters of British Columbia. Can. J. Zool. 69: 1454-1483

Ford, J.K.B. 1989. Acoustic behaviour of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Can. J. Zool. 67: 717-745

Ford, J.K.B. 1987. A catalogue of underwater calls produced by killer whales (Orcinus orca) in British Columbia. Can. Data Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 633: 165 p.

Gregr, E.J., L.M. Nichol, J.K.B. Ford, G. Ellis and A.W. Trites. 2000. Migration and population structure of northeastern Pacific whales off coastal British Columbia: an analysis of commercial whaling records from 1908-1967. Marine Mammal Science, 16:699-727.

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