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2022 Snow crab fishery, Newfoundland and Labrador

Snow Crab fishery in Newfoundland and Labrador (Areas 2HJ, 3KLNO, 3Ps, and 4R3Pn)

Fishing season

The following table contains three columns. The first column lists each NAFO Division. The second column lists the Crab Fishing Area. The third column lists the 2022 season dates.

2022 fishing season dates
NAFO Division Crab Management Area 2022 season dates
2HJ 2H, 2J North TBD
2J south All fleets TBD
3K 3A April 18 – July 15
3B, 3C, 3BC April 24 – June 30
3D, 4 April 14 – June 30
3LNO 8Bx south April 4 – July 15
Most Fleets April 4 – July 31
3Ps All fleets April 4 – June 30
4R3Pn Most Fleets April 4 – June 15
12G, 12H April 11 – June 15

Season dates listed in the table above reflect the dates when harvesters will be allowed to set their gear.

Total allowable catch

The Total Allowable Catch (TAC) for Newfoundland and Labrador Region in 2022 is 50,470 tonnes, an overall quota level increase of 32% from 2021. This includes no change in 2H, a 28% decrease in 2J, a 32% increase in 3K, a 23% increase in 3LNO, a 54% increase in the 3Ps quota, a 49% increase in 4R3Pn, and an increase of 50 tonnes for the Collaborative Post-Season Trap Survey (Use of Fish) quota.

The following table contains two columns. The first column lists the area. The second column lists the quota in tonnes. The last row identifies the total allowable catch.

Total allowable catch
Area Quota (t)*
2HJ 951
3K 9,840
3LNO 30,940
3Ps 7,768
4R3Pn 522
CPS Trap Survey 450
Total 50,470

The following table contains five columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area.  The second column lists the area description.  The third column lists the inshore quota(s).  The fourth column lists the fulltime - large supplementary quotas.  The fifth column lists the communal quota.

Division 2HJ 2022 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Fulltime & Supplementary Communal
2H North of 56o 00’ N - - 100
2J north North of 54o 40’ N to 56o 00’ N  -  - 109
2J south South of 54o 40’ N 148 594  -

The 2HJ TAC is 951 tonnes.

The following table contains four columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area.  The second column lists the area description.  The third column lists the inshore quota(s).  The fourth column lists the fulltime - large supplementary quotas.

Division 3K 2022 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Fulltime & Supplementary
3A Canada Bay 385  -
3B White Bay 391  -
3C Green Bay 550  -
3BC Inshore 3K 221  -
3D Fogo/Twillingate 1,169  -
4 Offshore 31 7,092

The 3K TAC is 9,840 tonnes.

The following table contains six columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area.  The second column lists the area description.  The third column lists the inshore quota(s).  The fourth column lists the small supplementary or commercial quotas.  The fifth column lists the fulltime - large supplementary quotas.  The sixth column lists the greater than 65 foot quotas.

Divisions 3LNO 2022 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Small Supplementary Fulltime & Supplementary > 65'
5A Bonavista Bay 980  -  -  -
6A Trinity Bay 1,089  -  -  -
6B Conception Bay 720  -  -  -
6C Eastern Avalon (inside 25) 594  -  -  -
8A Southern Shore (inside 25) 563  -  -  -
9A St. Mary’s Bay 313  -  -  -
8B Southern Avalon (offshore)  - 786  -  -
8Bx Southern Avalon  - 110  -  -
8Bx North Northern portion of Southern Avalon  - 521  -  -
8Bx South Southern portion of Southern Avalon  - 622  -  -
NS Nearshore  - 5,326  -  -
MS Midshore  - 5,017 2,082  -
MS/EX Mid-shore extended  -  - 5,793  -
3L EX Between 170 and 200 miles  -  - 3,910  -
3L 200 3L Outside 200 miles  -  - 1,298  -
3N 200 3N Outside 200 miles  -  - 868  -
3NO 200 3NO Outside 200 miles  -  -  - 348

The 3LNO TAC is 30,940 tonnes.

The following table contains four columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area.  The second column lists the area description.  The third column lists the inshore quota(s).  The fourth column lists the small supplementary quota(s).

Sub-division 3Ps 2022 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Small Supplementary
10A Placentia Bay north of 46o30’N 3,226  -
10B Placentia Bay south of 46o30’N  - 3,788
11S CFA 11 south of 46o30’N 253 278
11E CFA 11 east of Western Head 190  -
11W CFA 11 west of Western Head 33  -

The 3Ps TAC is 7,768 tonnes. The 11E quota listed above will be reduced by 24.5 tonnes per the quota reconciliation guidelines.

The following table contains four columns. The first column lists the Crab Management Area.  The second column lists the area description.  The third column lists the inshore quota(s).  The fourth column lists the commercial quotas.

Division 4R3Pn 3Ps 2022 quotas (t)
Area Description Inshore Commercial
12 Outside of 8 mile - Group 1  - 10
12 Outside of 8 mile - Group 2  - 73
12 Outside of 8 mile - Group 3  - 18
12 Bay of Islands  - 47
12 Bay St. George  - 26
12A Lapoile Bay 2  -
12B Cape Ray to Johnson’s Cove 4  -
12C Johnson’s Cove to Cape St. George 174  -
12D Cape St. George to Bear Head 29  -
12E Bear Head to Cape St. Gregory 40  -
12F Inner Bay of Islands 40  -
12G Cape St. Gregory to Broom Point 49  -
12H Broom Point to Table Point 12  -

The 4R3Pn TAC is 522 tonnes. The 12D quota listed above will be reduced by 5.8 tonnes per the quota reconciliation guidelines.

The Collaborative Post-Season Trap Survey (Use of Fish) TAC is 450 tonnes.

The overall TAC is 50,470 tonnes.

Management measures

The proposed management approach for 2022 includes 6.4m limit of floating rope, the continuation of the soft-shell protocol, decreasing quota levels in Divisions 2HJ and increasing quota levels in Divisions 3K, 3LNO, 4R3Pn and Subdivision 3Ps.

Areas 11E, 11W, 12A, 12B, 12D and 12H will continue to operate under a harvesting cap management regime.  Area 12G will reopen after a 2-year closure. The outer boundary lines from the 5A exclusion zone will be removed.  In addition, grid based soft-shell protocols are continued in all areas.  Areas closed as a result of soft-shell Crab will remain closed for the remainder of the year.   Grids closed for soft-shell crab in Shrimp Fishing Areas 4, 5 or 6 will also be closed to Shrimp harvesting for 60 days.  All season closure dates are subject to modification if there is a high incidence of soft-shell Crab encountered in the fishery.

Areas 11E and 12D operate under a harvesting cap system and exceeded their allocations in 2021. As a result, the overage amounts will be deducted from the 2022 fleet allocations.

Division 2HJ

The overall quota of Snow crab in 2J will be decreased by 28% in 2022 to 851 tonnes from 1,187 tonnes while 2H will remain unchanged in 2021 at 100 tonnes.

Division 3K

The overall quota of Snow crab in 3K will increase by 32% in 2022 to 9,840 tonnes from 7,454 tonnes in 2021.

Division 3LNO

The overall quota of Snow crab in 3LNO will be increased by 23% in 2022 to 30,940 tonnes from 23,648 tonnes in 2021.

Subdivision 3Ps

The overall quota for Snow crab in Sub- division 3Ps will be increased by 54% in 2022 to 7,768 tonnes from 5,047 tonnes in 2021.

Division 4R and Subdivision 3Pn

The overall quota for Snow crab in division 4R and sub-division 3Pn will be increased by 49% in 2022 to 522 tonnes from 350 tonnes in 2021.

In an effort to ensure the overall amount of crab allocated to harvesters does not exceed the quotas allocated, there may be some variance between the individual harvest level increases noted above and the total quota increases by Crab Management Area.

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