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Reporting on introductions and transfers

The National Code on Introductions and Transfers of Aquatic Organisms guides the Introductions and Transfers Committees by assessing proposals to move aquatic organisms from 1 body of water or rearing facility to another. It also provides all jurisdictions with a consistent process for assessing the potential environmental impacts of intentional introductions and transfers of aquatic organisms.
2020

2020

Canada

In 2020, Introductions and Transfers Committees received 1,002 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms across Canada. Of these, 944 applications were approved, representing more than 2.3 billion live aquatic organisms of more than 636 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications, approximately:

By province or territory

Alberta

In 2020, the Alberta Introductions and Transfers Committee received 67 applications to intentionally import live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. All applications were approved, representing approximately 1.6 million live aquatic organisms of 13 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. The Alberta Introductions and Transfers Committee does not review applications for movements of organisms within that province as risks for these movements are addressed by conditions of license under diverse provincial authorizations. Of the total number of approved applications in Alberta, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Alberta, approximately:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Alberta, approximately:

Most proposed movements were for Rainbow Trout.

British Columbia

In 2020, the British Columbia Introductions and Transfers Committee received 327 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 311 were approved, representing approximately 1.85 billion live aquatic organisms of 535 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in British Columbia, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved application in British Columbia:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in British Columbia, approximately:

Most proposed movements were for Pacific Salmon, Rainbow Trout and Atlantic Salmon.

More information:

Manitoba

In 2020, the Manitoba Introductions and Transfers Committee received 22 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. All applications were approved, representing approximately 235,000 live aquatic organisms of 19 different species. These totals do not include fish that were moved as part of the provincial stocking program, which are considered routine, low risk movements that are not reviewed by the committee.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Manitoba, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Manitoba, approximately:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Manitoba, approximately:

Most proposed movements were for Rainbow Trout.

New Brunswick

In 2020, the New Brunswick Introductions and Transfers Committee received 143 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 136 applications were approved, representing more than 55 million live aquatic organisms of 20 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in New Brunswick, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in New Brunswick, approximately:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in New Brunswick, approximately:

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic Salmon.

Newfoundland and Labrador

In 2020, the Newfoundland and Labrador Introductions and Transfers Committee received 109 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. All 109 applications were approved, representing nearly 44 million live aquatic organisms of 61 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately:

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic Salmon and Blue Mussel.

Nova Scotia

In 2020, the Nova Scotia Introductions and Transfers Committee received 94 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 83 applications were approved, representing 25 million live aquatic organisms of 15 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Nova Scotia, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Nova Scotia, approximately:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Nova Scotia, approximately:

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic Salmon.

Ontario

In 2020, the Ontario Introductions and Transfers Committee received 2 applications to intentionally import live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 1 application was approved, representing approximately 1,000 live aquatic organisms of 1 species. These totals do not include fish that were moved as part of the provincial stocking program, which are considered routine, low risk movements that are not reviewed by the committee.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. The approved application in Ontario was from another province.

Purpose

The approved application in Ontario was aimed for research.

Types of aquatic organisms

The approved application in Ontario was for the movement of Zebra Mussels.

Prince Edward Island

In 2020, the Prince Edward Island Introductions and Transfers Committee received 151 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 134 applications were approved, representing over 963 million live aquatic organisms of 10 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Prince Edward Island, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Prince Edward Island, approximately:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Prince Edward Island, approximately:

Most proposed movements were for Blue Mussel and American Oyster.

Quebec

Quebec has 2 Introductions and Transfers Committees: 1 for marine applications and 1 for freshwater. The marine committee is chaired by Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the freshwater committee is chaired by the Department of Forests, Wildlife and Parks of the Province of Quebec.

Marine introductions and transfers

In 2020, the Quebec Marine Introductions and Transfers Committee received 22 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities and fish bearing waters. Of these, 20 were approved, representing over 4 million live aquatic organisms of 10 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved marine applications in Quebec, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved marine applications in Quebec, approximately:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved marine application in Quebec, approximately:

Most proposed movements were for American Oyster.

Freshwater introductions and transfers

In 2020, the Quebec Freshwater Introductions and Transfers Committee received 4 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities and fish bearing waters. Of these, 2 were approved representing 46,000 live aquatic organisms of 1 species.

Origin

Introduction and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Both approved applications originated from another province.

Purpose

The approved applications for Quebec freshwater were for aquaculture purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

The approved applications for Quebec freshwater were for the movements of Arctic char.

Saskatchewan

In 2020, the Saskatchewan Introductions and Transfers Committee received 37 applications to intentionally import live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 36 applications were approved, representing nearly 2 million live aquatic organisms of 8 different species. These totals do not include fish that were moved as part of the provincial stocking program, which are considered routine, low risk movements that are not reviewed by the committee.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Saskatchewan, approximately:

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Saskatchewan, approximately:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of applications approved in Saskatchewan, approximately:

Most proposed movements were for Rainbow Trout.

Yukon

In 2020, the Yukon Introductions and Transfers Committee received 26 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 23 applications were approved, representing approximately 240,000 live aquatic organisms of 25 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province or territory, between provinces or territories and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Yukon, all were for movements within the territory.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Yukon, approximately:

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Yukon, all were for freshwater finfish.

Most proposed movements were for Chinook Salmon.

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