Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

The National Code on Introductions and Transfers of Aquatic Organisms guides the Introductions and Transfers Committees with the assessments of proposals to move aquatic organisms from one body of water or rearing facility to another. It also provides all jurisdictions with a consistent process for assessing the potential environmental impacts of intentional introductions and transfers of aquatic organisms.

Reporting of Introductions and Transfers

Canada

Canada - 2018

In 2018, Introductions and Transfers Committees received 1032 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms across Canada. Of these, 965 applications were approved, representing more than 666 million live aquatic organisms of more than 119 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications, approximately:

  • 62% were for movements within a province;
  • 22% were for movements between provinces; and
  • 16% were for movements into Canada from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications:

  • 55% were aimed at aquaculture operations;
  • 24% were aimed at research;
  • 10% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 3% were aimed at public display;
  • 2% were aimed at education;
  • 1% were aimed at processing; and
  • 4% were for other purposes

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications, approximately:

  • 45% were for freshwater finfish;
  • 26% were for marine shellfish;
  • 23% were for marine finfish; and
  • 6% were for various species.

Reporting of Introductions and Transfers by Province or Territory

Alberta

Alberta Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Alberta’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 91 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 87 applications were approved, representing nearly 2.3 million live aquatic organisms of nine different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. The Alberta Introductions and Transfers Committee does not review applications for movements of organisms within that province as risks for these movements are addressed by conditions of licence under diverse provincial authorizations. Of the total number of approved applications in Alberta, approximately:

  • 60% were for movements from another province; and
  • 40% were for movements into Alberta from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Alberta, approximately:

  • 57% were aimed at research;
  • 33% were aimed at aquaculture operations
  • 7% were aimed at enhancement
  • 3% were aimed for other purposes

Types of aquatic organisms

Almost all applications to move aquatic organisms approved for Alberta were for freshwater finfish, except for four applications: two involving marine finfish and two involving marine shellfish.

Most proposed movements were for Rainbow Trout.

British Columbia

British Columbia - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, British Columbia’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 330 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 306 were approved, representing nearly 506 million live aquatic organisms of 52 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in British Columbia, approximately:

  • 74% were for movements within the province;
  • 22% were for movements into British Columbia from another country; and
  • 4% were for movements from another province.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved application in British Columbia:

  • 53% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 17% were aimed at research;
  • 12% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 5% were aimed at public display;
  • 2% were aimed at education; and
  • 10% were aimed for other purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in British Columbia, approximately:

  • 39% were for marine finfish;
  • 35% were for freshwater finfish;
  • 19% were for marine shellfish; and
  • 7% were for various species.

Most proposed movements were for Pacific Oyster, and Atlantic Salmon.

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Manitoba

Manitoba - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Manitoba’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 29 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. 28 applications were approved, representing approximately 1 million live aquatic organisms of 7 different species. These totals do not include fish that were moved as part of the provincial stocking program, which are considered routine, low risk movements that are not reviewed by the Committee.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Manitoba, approximately:

  • 71% were for movements within the province; and
  • 29% were for movements from another province.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Manitoba, approximately:

  • 46% were aimed at research;
  • 14% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 13% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 10% were aimed at education;
  • 7% were aimed at public display; and
  • 10% were for other purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

All applications approved by the Manitoba Introductions and Transfers Committee were for freshwater finfish.

Most proposed movements were for Arctic Char.

New Brunswick

New Brunswick - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, the New Brunswick Introductions and Transfers Committee received 132 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 129 applications were approved, representing more than 84 million live aquatic organisms of 8 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in New Brunswick, approximately:

  • 77% were for movements within the province;
  • 21% were for movements from another province; and
  • 2% were for movements into New Brunswick from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in New Brunswick, approximately:

  • 53% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 25% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 17% were aimed at research;
  • 3% were aimed at public display; and
  • 2% were for other purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in New Brunswick, approximately:

  • 82% were for freshwater finfish
  • 13% were for marine shellfish
  • 5% were for marine finfish

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic Salmon.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Newfoundland and Labrador’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 97 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. All 97 applications were approved, representing more than 37 million live aquatic organisms of 44 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately:

  • 87% were for movements within the province;
  • 11% were for movements from another province; and
  • 2% were for movements from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately:

  • 78% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 12% were aimed at research;
  • 8% were aimed at public display; and
  • 2% were aimed for education

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately:

  • 48% were for marine shellfish;
  • 40% were for marine finfish;
  • 2% were for freshwater finfish; and
  • 10% were for other purposes.

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic Salmon and Blue Mussel.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Nova Scotia Introductions and Transfers Committee received 120 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 94 applications were approved, representing over 22 million live aquatic organisms of 19 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Nova Scotia, approximately:

  • 52% were for movements within the province;
  • 27% were for movements from another province; and
  • 21% were for movements into Nova Scotia from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Nova Scotia, approximately:

  • 65% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 22% were aimed at research;
  • 7% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 3% were aimed at educations; and
  • 3% were for other purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Nova Scotia, approximately:

  • 50% were for freshwater finfish;
  • 30% were for marine shellfish;
  • 18% were for marine finfish; and
  • 2% were for freshwater mollusc.

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic Salmon, American Oyster, and Rainbow Trout.

Ontario

Ontario - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Ontario’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received three applications to intentionally import live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. All applications were approved, representing approximately 400 live aquatic organisms of three different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Ontario, all were from another province.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Ontario, all were aimed at research.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Ontario, approximately:

  • 67% were for freshwater finfish
  • 33% were for marine finfish

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic Salmon.

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Prince Edward Island’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 145 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 142 applications were approved, representing nearly 6 million live aquatic organisms of 10 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Prince Edward Island, approximately:

  • 68% were for movements within the province;
  • 27% were for movements from another province; and
  • 5% were for movements into Prince Edward Island from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Prince Edward Island, approximately:

  • 75% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 14% were aimed at research;
  • 9% were aimed at processing;
  • 1% were aimed at enhancement; and
  • 1% were for other purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Prince Edward Island, approximately:

  • 81% were for marine shellfish;
  • 13% were for freshwater finfish; and
  • 6% were for marine finfish.

Most proposed movements were for Blue Mussel and American Oyster.

Quebec

Quebec - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

Quebec has two Introductions and Transfers Committees: one for marine applications and the other for freshwater. The marine committee is chaired by Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the freshwater committee is chaired by the Department of Forests, Wildlife, and Parks of the Province of Quebec.

Marine Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Quebec’s Marine Introductions and Transfers Committee received 19 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities and fish bearing waters. 17 applications were approved, representing nearly 3 million live aquatic organisms of 8 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved marine applications in Quebec, approximately:

  • 47% were for movements originating within the province; and
  • 53% were for movements from another province.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved marine applications in Quebec, approximately:

  • 59% were aimed at research; and
  • 41% were aimed at aquaculture.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved marine applications in Quebec, all were for marine shellfish.

Most proposed movements were for American Oyster.

Freshwater Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Quebec’s freshwater Introductions and Transfers Committee did not receive any applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities and fish bearing waters.

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Saskatchewan’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 44 applications to intentionally import live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. 42 applications were approved, representing approximately 2 million live aquatic organisms of 12 different species. These totals do not include fish that were moved as part of the provincial stocking program, which are considered routine, low risk movements that are not reviewed by the Committee.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Saskatchewan, approximately:

  • 50% were for movements from another province;
  • 45% were for movements into Saskatchewan from another country; and
  • 5% were for movements from within the province.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Saskatchewan, approximately:

  • 64% were aimed at research;
  • 31% were aimed at aquaculture; and
  • 5% were aimed at enhancement.

Types of aquatic organisms

Most proposed movements were for Rainbow Trout.

Yukon

Yukon - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2018, Yukon’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 22 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. 20 applications were approved, representing over 400,000 live aquatic organisms of five different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Yukon, approximately:

  • 90% were for movements within the province; and
  • 10% were for movements from another province.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Yukon, approximately:

  • 50% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 30% were aimed at education;
  • 10% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 5% were aimed at public display; and
  • 5% were aimed at research

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Yukon, all were for freshwater finfish

Most proposed movements were for Chinook Salmon.

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