Economic Analysis

In this section you will find socio-economic analyses that were published between 2000-2009. The analyses cover different regions, and issues in Canada.

A socio-economic analysis measures the social and economic outcomes of an initiative. These outcomes can impact the community, region or Canada as a whole. A socio-economic analysis also describes demographic trends and indicators like population, gender and age.

Socio-economic analyses help decision makers understand the impacts of resource management decisions. Analyses contribute to developing policies and management plans. This allows DFO to foster economic prosperity, while sustaining fisheries and oceans resources.

Here are some projects the department has been working on:

  • Framework for integrating socio-economic analysis into:
  • SARA listing decisions and recovery planning;
  • Integrated Fisheries Management Plans;
  • Marine Protected Areas development.
  • Atlantic salmon closed containment aquaculture financial feasibility model.
  • Socio-economic analysis of multitrophic aquaculture systems.
  • Socio-economic analyses of multi-regional SARA initiatives (e.g. benefit-cost analysis of listing Atlantic cod).
  • Study of economic impacts of marine related sectors.
  • Non-market valuation research, particularly focused on species at risk.
  • Risk analysis of economic outlook for the fishing industry.
  • Economic impact on the Canadian industry of the potential CITES-listing of Atlantic bluefin tuna.
  • Cost-Avoidance Analysis of Potential Ice-Jams on the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway.

Statistical and Economic Analysis Publication Series

The Statistical and Economic Analysis Series provides economic and statistical research and analyses of interest to fishery and ocean resource managers, academics, the public, and all who would like to know more about the sustainable use of Canada’s vibrant and valuable aquatic resources.

SEAS reports are divided into 3 distinct categories:

  1. Economic Analysis
    The Economic Analysis category includes research and reports on the socio-economic effects of maritime sectors and fisheries, with particular emphasis on analyses from the perspective of policy makers.

  2. Species at Risk Act (SARA)
    The SEAS publications in this category are the socio-economic analyses undertaken by Fisheries and Oceans Canada as part of its regulatory responsibility to Canadians under the Species at Risk Act

  3. Statistics
    The Statistics category reports on the statistical profiles of Canada's commercial fisheries. It also present a portrait of recreational fishing activities in Canada.

Each report carries a number identifying the category in which it can be found and another number indicating where it is placed within the series.

e.g., Report No. 2-20 is the 20th report published under the Species at Risk Act category.

The Statistics category has two sub categories: Canadian Fisheries Statistics (subcategory 3.1) and Recreational Fishing (subcategory 3.2).

For further information please email Robert.Elliott@dfo-mpo.gc.ca

SEAS Publication List

No. 1-1 Economic Impact of Marine Related Activities in Canada

The analysis covers all major private sector activities with a direct dependence on the oceans. These include extractive uses such as fisheries, oil & gas and aquaculture, as well as nonextractive uses such as shipbuilding, marine transportation, tourism and construction. The analysis also captures the activities of public sector organizations with responsibilities for safety, managing ocean activities and research.

No. 1-2 Economic Impact of Marine Activities in Large Ocean Management Areas

The Government of Canada has established five Large Ocean Management Areas (LOMAs) in order to advance collaborative management. The goal is sustainable management of resources within LOMA boundaries, with the participation of all levels of government, Aboriginal groups, industry organizations, environmental and community groups and academia. This goal will be achieved through integrated ocean management – an approach based on addressing socioeconomic needs of those directly and indirectly dependent on the ocean, while preserving the health of the marine ecosystem.

No. 1-3 Impacts of harvesting rights in Canadian Pacific fisheries

This report assesses the move to harvesting rights (ITQs) management schemes in three British Columbia fisheries, the B.C. Pacific Halibut fishery, the B.C. Sablefish fishery, and the B.C. Groundfish Trawl fishery respectively. In so doing, the report examines the question of whether the move toward harvesting rights schemes represented an improvement over the previous management scheme, described by the report as limited entry, combined with Olympic style TAC harvesting. The report concludes that, while the harvesting rights scheme are not flawless, they represent a dramatic improvement, both in terms of enhancing the economic viability of the fisheries, and in terms of ensuring the sustainability of the fishery resources providing the basis of the fisheries. Key to the improvement lies in transforming the interaction among the relevant fishers from competition to cooperation.

No. 1-4 The Economics of British Columbia’s Crab Fishery: Socio-Economic Profile, Viability, and Market Trends

The purpose of this document is to provide the socio-economic context of the crab fishery in British Columbia. It is intended to provide the readers with a common understanding of the economics of the fishery, and to inform discussions around potential fisheries management changes and reforms. In doing so it supports the goals and vision of the Oceans to Plate approach. This document is complementary to the Fisheries Integrated Management Plan (IFMP) which deals with the specifics of the fishery's management framework. It aims to construct a socio-economic profile of the three main sectors directly involved in the crab harvest: the commercial, recreational, and First Nation's sectors, as well as provide economic information on the crab processing sector and export markets.

No. 1-5 Commercial Scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) Fishery Profile in the Gulf Region

In the Gulf Region, the scallop fishery is mostly a secondary fishery. In 2009, 204 (26%) of the 772 scallop license holders were active, landing 112mt of scallop meats for a landed value of over $1,734 million, equivalent to an average gross revenue of about $8,500 per active scallop harvesters. Overall the Gulf Region scallop landed volume represents around 2% of all scallops landed in Canada. From the 772 scallop fishing licences holders in 2009, 729 were traditional scallop fishing licences and 43 were First Nation Commercial Communal fishing licences. In 2008, five plants were processing scallop in the Gulf Region, consisting mostly of packaging muscle meats to sell fresh or frozen. In 2008, less than 1% of the production was smoked or chowder mix. Major importers of Canadian scallops are the US and France with 52% and 26% respectively of the 2009 total Canadian exports value.

No. 1-8 Socio-economic Profile of Canada's Fishing Industry Labour Force 1994–2006

This report provides a socio-economic profile of the fishing industry in Canada, highlighting important differences among regions. The report is divided into three sections: first, a profile of the fishing industry in 2006; second, its evolution over time, from 1994 to 2006 for self-employed fish harvesters and from 1998 to 2006 for other fishery workers; lastly, the report’s methodology, including the concepts, terms and definitions used. Given the economic and social importance of fishing for thousands of Canadians living in many communities across Canada, this report covers all the provinces and territories, special attention to the Atlantic Provinces and British Columbia, two regions that play a major role in the Canadian fishing industry.

No. 1-9 IQ Fisheries in Canada: Linking Business Outcomes to Management Practices

Many commercial fisheries in Canada are managed under individual quota (IQ) systems whereby licence holders receive a predetermined share of the total allowable catch or TAC. And many of these fisheries allow transfers of catch entitlements, on a temporary or permanent basis i.e., the fishery is managed as an individual transferable fishery. The study analyzes the role of fisheries management in the business success of individual quota fisheries in Canada. The study adopts a case study approach in: a) identifying key fisheries management measures in place e.g., transferability provisions; and b) identifying indicators of business success for each fishery e.g., EBITDA, and linking these business indicators to the management measures. The six case study fisheries include Pacific halibut, Pacific geoduck, Pacific sardine, Newfoundland snow crab, Bay of Fundy scallops and Gulf of St. Lawrence shrimp, and encompass a variety of vessel sizes, fishing technology, and processed product forms.

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