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Appendix I: Overview of the main fishing fleets in Canada, 2008

Notes regarding all tables:

1. The following overview of marine commercial fishing fleets provides information for all six administrative regions of DFO. Figure 5.1 below presents a subdivision of Canada showing DFO administrative regions.

2. A "fish harvester" is defined here as the holder of one or more commercial fishing licences that was active in 2008. An "active" licence is one that landed at least 1kg of marine or freshwater species during the year. Fleets are in general mutually exclusive; however some fish harvesters may be counted as part of more than one fleet. Hence, numbers for fish harvesters are approximations, and not directly comparable with numbers in the remainder of this statistical review.

Figure 5.1: DFO administrative regions

Source: DFO, Economic Analysis and Statistics.

Table 5.1: Overview of main fleets, DFO Maritimes Region (Southern New Brunswick and Nova Scotia except Northumberland Strait), 2008
Fishing Fleet Fishing Method Management Method Vessel Length Number of Fish Harvesters Main (directed) Species Landed Value in 2008 ($m)
Multispecies Non-Vessel Rakes, Tongs Competitive Non-Vessel 2,2551 Clams $1m
Multispecies Inshore Drag, Trawl, Traps, Gillnet, Longline, Seine Competitive, Trap Limits, IQ < 65' 3,529 Lobster, Groundfish, Snow Crab, Scallop, Swordfish, Herring, Sea Urchins, Shrimp, Tuna, Mackerel $530m
Multispecies Midwater Trawl, Gillnet Competitive, IQ 65' - 100' 10 Groundfish $4m
Multispecies Offshore Drag, Trawl, Traps IQ, Trap Limits > 100' 19 Scallop, Shrimp, Clams, Lobster, Groundfish, Tuna $102m
Aboriginal Bands Drag, Trawl, Traps, Gillnet, Longline, Seine Competitive, Trap Limits, IQ All 21 Snow Crab, Lobster, Groundfish, Scallop, Shrimp, Swordfish, Sea Urchins $32m
Total       5,834   $669m

1Number of licence holders, less number of vessel-based licence holders.
Source: DFO, Maritimes Region, Statistics and Licensing Units.

Table 5.2: Overview of main fleets, DFO Gulf Region (Eastern New-Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia's Northumberland Strait), 2008
Fishing Fleet Fishing Method Management Method Vessel Length Number of Fish Harvesters Main (directed) Species Landed Value in 2008 ($m)
Crabbers Traps IQ < 45' and 50' - 100' 262 Snow Crab $60m
Shrimp Fishers Trawl IQ All 20 Shrimp $6m
Herring Seiners Purse Seine IQ > 65' 0 Herring $1m
Lobster / Multispecies Traps, Gillnet, Hook & Line Trap Limits (75-375) < 45' 2,645 Lobster (Directed), Herring, Tuna, Snow Crab, Groundfish $198m
Groundfish Specialists Trawl, Seine, Longline, Gillnet IQ and Competitive < 65' 163 Groundfish (Directed), Shrimp, Snow Crab $4m
Aboriginals Traps IQ, Trap Limits (75-375) < 45' 232 Snow Crab, Lobster $17m
Other       5,998   $25m
Total       9,320   $311m

Source: DFO, Gulf Region, Statistics and Licensing Units.

Table 5.3: Overview of main fleets, DFO Quebec Region (Quebec), 2008
Fishing Fleet Fishing Method Management Method Vessel Length Number of Fish Harvesters1 Main (directed) Species Landed Value in 2008 ($m)
Crabbers Traps IQ < 100 ' 189 Crab $37m
Lobster Fishers Traps Trap limits < 65' 561 Lobster $39m
Shrimp Fishers Trawl IQ < 100 ' 33 Shrimp $14m
Groundfish / Multispecies Gillnet, Trawl, Traps IQ and Competitive < 45' 259 Cod, Greenland Halibut, Atlantic Halibut, Temporary Snow Crab and Shrimp allocations $12m
Midshore Groundfish / Multispecies Longline, Traps, Trawl IQ and Competitive > 45' 93 Cod, Greenland Halibut, Atlantic Halibut, Temporary Snow Crab and Shrimp allocations $9m
Aboriginals Trawl, Gillnet, Traps IQ and Competitive < 100 ' 12 Groundfish, Lobster, Shrimp and Snow Crab $11m
Total       1,147   $123m

1Number of active Quebec fish harvesters in 2008, "core" and "s/o" designations only.
Source: DFO, Quebec Region, Statistics and Licensing Unit and Policy & Economics Branch.

Table 5.4: Overview of main fleets, DFO Newfoundland and Labrador Region (Newfoundland and Labrador), 2008
Fishing Fleet Fishing Method Management Method Vessel Length Number of Fish Harvesters Main (directed) Species Landed Value in 2008 ($m)
Inshore Pots, Gillnet, Traps, Rifles IQ, Competitive < 35' 4,592 Groundfish, Snow Crab, Lobster, Cod, Roe (lumpfish), Capelin, Seal $96m, including $36m in Snow Crab and $28m in Lobster
Nearshore Pots, Otter trawl, Gillnet, Purse Seine, Rifles, Hakapik IQ, Competitive 35' - 65' 1,374 Groundfish, Snow Crab, Shrimp (Pandalus Borealis), Seal Skins, Mackerel, Greenland Halibut $271m, including $140m in Snow Crab and $88m in Shrimp
Midshore Pots, Purse Seine, Gillnet IQ, Competitive 65' - 100' 24 Snow Crab, Mackerel, Greenland Halibut, Shrimp, Herring, Capelin $9m, including $3m in Shrimp
Offshore Otter Trawl, Pots Enterprise allocations, IQ, Competitive 100' + 15 Shrimp (Pandalus Borealis), Clams (Stimpsons Surf), Greenland Halibut, Yellowtail Flounder, Snow Crab, Cod $154m, including $99m in Stimpson Surf Clams and $95m in Shrimp
Total       6,005   $530m

Source: DFO, Newfoundland and Labrador Region, Statistics and Licensing Units.

Table 5.5: Overview of main fleets, DFO Pacific Region (British Columbia), 2008
Fishing Fleet Fishing Method Management Method Vessel Length Number of Fish Harvesters1 Main (directed) Species Landed Value in 2008 ($m)
Shellfish Dive, Dredge, Trawl, Traps, Hand picking or digging, Longline, Seine IQ, Competitive, Trap Limits 12' - 150' 739 Prawn, Shrimp, Geoduck, Dungeness Crab, Clam, Horse Clam, Euphausiid, Sea Urchins, Sea Cucumber, Opal Squid $94m
Groundfish - Multispecies Trawl, Longline IQ, Competitive 10' - 188' 330 Groundfish (Rockfish, Longspine / Shortspine Thornyheads, Greenlings, Lingcod, Perch, Cod, Sole, Flounder, Dogfish, Pollock, Hake, Tuna) $56m
Pacific Halibut Longline IQ 9' - 85' 425 Pacific Halibut $31m
Sablefish Longline, Traps IQ 23' - 117' 48 Sablefish $17m
Salmon Gillnet, Purse Seine, Troll Competitive 17' - 101' 1,556 Salmon (Sockeye, Coho, Pink, Chum, Chinook) $17m
Herring Purse Seine, Gillnet, Seine, Dip net IQ, Competitive 48' - 101' 146 Herring, Herring Roe, Herring spawn on kelp $16m
Other           $12m
Total       3,244   $245m

1The number of harvesters and crew employment for Pacific region is based upon their Fisher Registration Card (FRC) data.
Source: DFO, Pacific Region, Statistics and Licensing Units.

Table 5.6: Overview of main fleets, DFO Central & Arctic Region (Freshwater fisheries and Canadian Arctic), 2008
Fishing Fleet Fishing Method Management Method Vessel Length Number of Fish Harvesters Main (directed) Species Landed Value in 2008 ($m)
Groundfish, North Atlantic (NAFO Sub-Area 0) Trawl, Longline, Gillnet IQ > 65', under ice longlining 6 Greenland Halibut n/a
Shrimp, North Atlantic (NAFO Sub-Area 0) Trawl IQ > 65' 4 Shrimp (Pandalus Borealis) n/a
Freshwater Fisheries (MB, SK, AB, NWT, ON and NU) Gillnet Competitive n/a 2,098 Whitefish, Pickerel, Pike, Other $26m
Great Lakes Fisheries Gillnet, Trap Net, Trawl, Hoop Net, Other IQ n/a 513 Yellow Perch, Walleye, Lake Whitefish, Bass, Smelt, Other $27m
Aboriginals Gillnet Competitive n/a 289 Arctic Char $0m
Total       2,910   $53m

Source: DFO, Central and Arctic Region, Policy & Economics Branch.