Federal Marine Protected Areas Strategy
Table of Contents
- Complete Text
- Executive Summary
- Protecting Our Marine Environment
- A Time For Action
- Building a Network – An Innovative Approach
- Benefits of a Marine Protected Areas Network
- International Agreements and Commitments
- Linkages to Federal Initiatives
- Guiding Principles for Implementation
- The Strategic Framework
- Appendix 1
- Appendix 2
- Appendix 3
The Strategic Framework
The establishment of a network of marine protected areas, established and managed within an integrated oceans management framework, that contributes to the health of Canada’s oceans and marine environments.
Establish a more systematic approach to marine protected area planning and establishment.
- Establish or formalize mechanisms for interdepartmental cooperation.
- Collaboratively develop and use science-based guidelines and decision-tools to identify and select new marine protected areas by:
- Identifying and mapping ecologically significant sites and candidate representative areas within integrated management planning areas and other strategic planning initiatives;
- Selecting appropriate tools for conservation;
- Identifying priorities for advancing the marine protected areas network;
- Developing shared criteria and guidelines and seeking opportunities for achieving multiple conservation objectives.
- (See Appendix 3 for further elaboration.)
- Work together to enhance intergovernmental, aboriginal, and stakeholder engagement in marine protected area planning and establishment:
- Use integrated management planning as the prime vehicle for marine protected area site identification including involvement of provinces and territories; aboriginal groups, management committees and boards; other stakeholders and interested parties.
- Develop mechanisms or procedures for collaboration with other jurisdictions, e.g. conclude the Canada-British Columbia sub-agreement on MPAs on a priority basis.
Enhance collaboration for management and monitoring of marine protected areas.
- Develop site specific collaborative including the:
- Development of management plans that link marine protected area objectives and other conservation objectives (e.g. species at risk, fisheries, biodiversity, unique ecosystems);
- Exploration of options for working with Aboriginal Peoples on marine protected area issues;
- Development of a science and traditional ecological knowledge program; and
- Development of common public education and awareness programs.
- Conclude collaborative management arrangements on individual MPAs, including with Aboriginal groups.
- Work together to identify targets and indicators (ecological, socio-economic, and government) to evaluate the effectiveness of marine protected areas and the network.
- Conduct joint or complimentary enforcement activities, where possible.
Increase awareness,understanding and participation of Canadians in the marine protected areas network.
- Establish an MPA research program (natural and social science considerations).
- Launch an internet based geo-referenced MPA mapping system.
- Develop common MPA communications and public outreach tools to increase awareness of marine issues and enhance Canadian marine literacy.
- Develop widely accepted definitions of key legislative and policy concepts common to all federal marine protected area programs (i.e. ecological sustainable use, ecosystem based management, precautionary approach).
Link Canada ’s network of marine protected areas to continental and global networks.
- Establish a regional MPA action plan with the United States and Mexico as part of the Security and Prosperity Partnership, to consider :
- Ecological protected areas network considerations for species and habitat on each coast; and
- Working arrangements and priorities with the NAFTA CEC.
- Provide Canadian leadership and experience to the international community on tools, techniques, and approaches to achieving existing global marine protected area commitments and additional marine protected area requirements:
- Within the Convention on Biological Diversity;
- With the Arctic Council and its working groups (in the context of the Arctic Marine Strategic Plan);
- Within the context of the WSSD commitment to complete a representative network by 2012; and
- For conservation and protection of the high seas.
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