2016 Snow Crab Fishery, Newfoundland and Labrador

Snow Crab fishery in areas 2HJ, 3KLNO, 3Ps, and 4R3Pn

FISHING SEASON (subject to change)

The following table contains three columns. The first column lists each NAFO Division. The second column lists the Crab Fishing Area. The third column lists the 2016 season dates.

Season Dates
NAFO Division Crab Fishing Area 2016 Season Dates
2GHJ 2GH, 2J North June 15 – August 30
2J 2J South to be determined
3K 3A, 3BC, 4 April 14 – June 30
  3D April 18 – June 30
  3B, 3C April 25 – June 30
3LNO all areas April 4 – July 31
3Ps all areas April 4 – June 30
4R3Pn all areas April 4 – June 30

All season closure dates are subject to modification if there is a high incidence of soft- shell Crab encountered in the fishery. An individual quota (IQ) is not a guarantee the Crab will be landed.

TOTAL ALLOWABLE CATCH

The Total Allowable Catch (TAC) for Newfoundland and Labrador Region in 2016 is 45,667 tonnes, an overall quota level decrease of approximately 10% from 2015, which includes 20% reduction in most areas of 3K, 30% reduction in the overall 3Ps quota, 20% reduction in the areas outside the 200 mile limit in divisions 3LNO, and 20% reductions in some areas inside the 200 mile limit. Quotas in 2HJ and 4R will remain at 2015 levels. This includes the amount for the Collaborative Post-Season Trap Survey (Use of Fish).

The following table contains two columns. The first column lists the area. The second column lists the quota in tonnes. The last row identifies the total allowable catch.

Total Allowable Catch
AREA Quota (t)
2J 1,865
3K 5,889
3LNO 33,486
3Ps 3,010
4R3Pn 1,067
CPS Trap Survey 350
TOTAL 45,667

The following table contains five columns. The first column lists the Crab Fishing Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the fulltime - large supplementary quotas. The fifth column lists the communal quota. 

DIVISION 2J 2016 QUOTAS (t)
Area Description Inshore Fulltime & Supplementary Communal
2H 2H North of 56° 00’ N - - 100
2HJ 2J North of 54° 40’ N to 56° 00’ N  -  - 310
2Js 2J South of 54° 40’ N 290 1,165  -

The 2J Total Allowable Catch (TAC) is 1,865 tonnes.

The following table contains four columns. The first column lists the Crab Fishing Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the fulltime - large supplementary quotas.

DIVISION 3K 2016 QUOTAS (t)
Area Description Inshore Fulltime& Supplementary
3A Canada Bay 292  -
3B White Bay 473  -
3C Green Bay 338  -
3BC Inshore 3K 166  -
3D Fogo/Twillingate 700  -
4 Offshore 17 3,903

The 3K Total Allowable Catch (TAC) is 5,889 tonnes.

The following table contains six columns. The first column lists the Crab Fishing Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the small supplementary or commercial quotas. The fifth column lists the fulltime - large supplementary quotas. The sixth column lists the greater than 65 foot quotas.

DIVISIONS 3LNO 2016 QUOTAS (t)
Area Description Inshore Small Supplementary Fulltime & Supplementary > 65'
5A Bonavista Bay 1,112  -  -  -
6A Trinity Bay 1,496  -  -  -
6B Conception Bay 2,000  -  -  -
6C Eastern Avalon (inside 25) 1,809  -  -  -
8A Southern Shore (inside 25) 866  -  -  -
9A St. Mary’s Bay 596  -  -  -
NS Nearshore  - 7,156  -  -
8B Southern Avalon (offshore)  - 800  -  -
8Bx Southern Avalon  - 134  -  -
8Bx North Northern portion of Southern Avalon  - 480  -  -
8Bx South Southern portion of Southern Avalon  - 664  -  -
MS Midshore  - 3,795 1,576  -
MS/EX Mid-shore extended  -  - 3,780  -
3L EX Between 170 and 200 miles  -  - 2,822  -
3L 200 3L Outside 200 miles  -  - 1,642  -
3N 200 3N Outside 200 miles  -  - 2,022  -
3NO 200 3NO Outside 200 miles  -  -  - 736

The 3LNO Total Allowable Catch (TAC) is 33,486 tonnes.

The following table contains four columns. The first column lists the Crab Fishing Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the small supplementary quota(s).

SUB-DIVISION 3Ps 2016 QUOTAS (t)
Area Description Inshore Small Supplementary
10A Placentia Bay north of 46o30’N 1,120  -
10BCD CFA 10 from 46o30’N to 45o35’N  - 1,260
10X CFA 10 south of 45o35’N  - 236
11S CFA 11 south of 46o30’N 100 109
11E CFA 11 east of Western Head 157  -
11W CFA 11 west of Western Hare Bay 28  -

The 3Ps Total Allowable Catch (TAC) is 3,010 tonnes.

The following table contains four columns. The first column lists the Crab Fishing Area. The second column lists the area description. The third column lists the inshore quota(s). The fourth column lists the commercial quotas.

DIVISION 4R3Pn 2016 QUOTAS (t)
Area Description Inshore Commercial
12 Outside of 8 mile - Group 1  - 38
12 Outside of 8 mile - Group 2  - 307
12 Outside of 8 mile - Group 3  - 73
12 Bay of Islands  - 64
12 Bay St. George  - 23
12A Lapoile Bay 8  -
12B Cape Ray to Johnson’s Cove 18  -
12C Johnson’s Cove to Cp St. George 164  -
12D Cape St. George to Bear Head 76  -
12E Bear Head to Cape St. Gregory 56  -
12F Inner Bay of Islands 54  -
12G Cape St. Gregory to Broom Point 130  -
12H Broom Point to Table Point 56  -

The 4R3Pn Total Allowable Catch (TAC) is 1,067 tonnes.

The Collaborative Post-Season Trap Survey Total Allowable Catch (TAC) is 350 tonnes.

The Total Allowable Catch (TAC) is 45,667 tonnes.

MANAGEMENT MEASURES

The management approach supports sustainability of the Snow crab resource. This approach includes the continuation of early and shortened fishing seasons, strict soft-shell protocols, and no fall fishery in 3K, maintaining quota levels in 4R, quota decreases in some areas of divisions 3LNO, division 3K, and sub-division 3Ps.

Some fleets will be ready to fish immediately. An early opening in these areas is essential to providing the best opportunity to avoid high incidence of soft-shell during the fishery and to spread the landings over a longer period of time. In addition, grid based soft-shell protocols are continued in all areas. Areas closed as a result of soft-shell Crab will remain closed for the remainder of the year. Grids closed for soft-shell crab in Shrimp Fishing Areas 4, 5 or 6 will also be closed to Shrimp harvesting for 60 days. All season closure dates are subject to modification if there is a high incidence of soft-shell Crab encountered in the fishery. An individual quota (IQ) does not guarantee that all Crab will be landed.

Division 2HJ

  • The allocations for 2HJ will remain unchanged in 2016.

Division 3K

The overall Snow crab quota in Division 3K will decrease by 19% in 2016 to 5,889 tonnes from 7,294 tonnes in 2015.

  • Harvest level in area 3B will be decreased by ten percent in 2016.
  • Harvest levels in areas 3A, 3BC, 3C, 3D and 4 will decrease by twenty percent in 2016.

Division 3LNO

The overall quota of Snow crab in 3LNO will be decreased by six percent, from 35,646 tonnes in 2015 to 33,486 tonnes in 2016.

  • Harvest levels in areas 6A, 6B, 6C, 8B, Nearshore, Midshore, Midshore extended, and 3L extended will remain unchanged in 2016.
  • Harvest level in area 5A, 8A, 9A will be decreased by twenty percent in 2016.
  • Harvest level in area 8Bx will be decreased by thirty percent in 2016.
  • Harvest level in area 8Bx north and 8Bx south will be decreased by twenty-four percent in 2016.
  • Harvest level in areas 3LNO outside 200 miles will be decreased by twenty percent in 2016.

Subdivision 3Ps

The overall quota for Snow crab in Sub- division 3Ps will be decreased by thirty percent in 2016.

  • Harvest level in areas 10A, 10BCD, 10X, 11S, 11E, 11W will be decreased by thirty percent in 2016.

Division 4R and Subdivision 3Pn

  • The allocations for 4R3Pn will remain unchanged in 2016.

LINKS TO OTHER INFORMATION