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Economic Impact of Marine Related Activities in Canada
Table of Content
- I Introduction
- 1. Rationale
- 2. Purpose and objectives
- 3. Contents
- II Methodology
- 1. The ocean economy
- 2. Measuring Impacts
- 3. Data
- III Economic impacts – private sector
- 1. Seafood sector
- 2. Offshore oil & gas sector
- 3. Water transportation sector
- 4. Tourism and recreation
- 5. Marine construction
- 6. Shipbuilding and repairing and boat building
- 7. Secondary activities
- IV Economic impact – public sector
- 1. Department of National Defence/Canadian Forces
- 2. Department of Fisheries and Oceans
- 3. Other federal departments
- 4. Provincial/territorial departments/boards
- 5. Universities and ENGOs
- V Economic impact – national & regional
- 1. National impact
- 2. Atlantic region impacts
- 3. Pacific region impacts
- 4. Arctic region impacts
- VI Concluding observations
- 1. Growth potential
- 2. Challenges and gaps
- 3. Emerging issues
- APPENDIX A: Offshore Crude Oil and Natural Gas Value of Output Estimates
- APPENDIX B: Water Transportation Sector Output Estimates
- APPENDIX C: Tourism and Recreation Expenditures Estimates
- APPENDIX D: Marine Construction Expenditures
- APPENDIX E: Shipbuilding and Boatbuilding Value of Output
- APPENDIX F: Federal and Provincial Government Expenditures
- APPENDIX G: Economic impact Multipliers for Marine-related activities
- APPENDIX H: Status of Quantifying each Marine Activity
Gardner Pinfold wishes to thank the many individuals who contributed to the completion of this study.
Sam Baird at Fisheries and Oceans Canada chaired the Steering Committee. To Sam we owe special thanks for his support and guidance on methods and data sources, and also for the many thoughtful comments on report structure and content as the study progressed. Sam also convened a thorough two-day peer review of the report, providing the consultants with insights by leading practitioners in the field of marine economic valuation.
Our gratitude to the members of the Peer Review group, whose observations and advice greatly improved the quality of the report. Thanks to David Pugh (UK), Régis Kalaydjian (France), Jane Harkness (New Zealand), Judith Kildow (USA), Gordon Gislason (Canada), Dan Lane (Canada) and Ken White (Canada).
Thanks to André Jacques at Statistics Canada who provided statistical support and ran the numbers through the Input-Output Model to produce the impact estimates. We also appreciate very much the time and effort of those in federal and provincial government departments and research institutes who delved into their records to provide us with the data we needed.
And finally, we owe special thanks to Alejandro DeMaio-Sukic at Fisheries and Oceans Canada for his on-going support and advice on technical and data matters. Also, Alejandro, with the assistance of Chamari Silva at Fisheries and Oceans, provided an invaluable service by reviewing the final drafts of the report and providing detailed editorial and technical comments.
Any errors and omissions are, of course, the responsibility of the consultants.
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