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Terms of Reference

Assessment of Whelk Stocks in the Quebec’s inshore waters (fishing areas 1-9 and 11-15)

Regional Peer Review – Quebec Region

April 29, 2022
Virtual meeting

Chairperson: Charley Cyr


The whelk commercial fishery began in the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence in the 1940s. It expanded to the North Shore in the early 1990s and in 2003 in the Îles-de-la-Madeleine. Landings are generally around 1,000 t per year and come mainly from the North Shore. The whelk fishery is practiced using mainly conical traps.

Quebec waters are divided into 15 fishing areas to which access is limited to a restricted number of fishermen. The effort is also controlled by a fishing season, a number of traps and a minimum legal size which varies according to fishing area. In addition, catches are limited by quota in fishing areas 1, 2, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 15.

At the request of the Fisheries Management Branch, resource assessment is done every three years, with some exceptions. The last whelk stock review was done in February 2018. The objective of the review is to determine whether changes that have occurred in the stock status necessitate adjustments to management plans based on the conservation approach used.


Provide scientific advice on the management of whelk stocks in Quebec’s inshore waters (management units 1 to 15) for fishing seasons 2022 to 2024. This advice shall include:

Expected Publications

Expected Participation


Participation to CSAS peer review meetings is by invitation only.

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