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Canada’s Oceans Now: Atlantic Ecosystems, 2022 - Calanus copepods returning to near-average levels

Release date: February 2024
Infographic: Calanus copepods returning to near-average levels
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Calanus copepods returning to near-average levels
The number of large, energy-rich Calanus finmarchicus copepods has rebounded from record lows in 2015, increasing to near-average levels in 2019 and 2020.

The top of the infographic is a line graph representing the anomaly index for Calanus finmarchicus abundance for the years 1999 to 2020. Text to the left of the graph indicates that the top of the graph (coloured blue) represents above average, and the bottom of the graph (coloured yellow) represents below average. A black line represents the abundance index which was above average through most of the 2000 to 2015 time period, but then was below average until the last two years. There are two red boxes with arrows and white text on the graph.

Anomaly index for Calanus finmarchicus abundance
Year Calanus finmarchicus Abundance Anomaly Index
1999 -0.2
2000 0.0
2001 -0.1
2002 0.5
2003 0.6
2004 0.6
2005 0.3
2006 0.5
2007 0.5
2008 0.5
2009 0.2
2010 0.3
2011 0.0
2012 -0.1
2013 0.0
2014 -0.4
2015 -1.6
2016 -0.4
2017 -0.5
2018 -0.5
2019 0.0
2020 -0.1

On the bottom left of the infographic is an image of a Calanus finmarchicus copepod in an orange circle. Around this image are the various marine organisms in a circle with interconnecting blue lines illustrating that Calanus finmarchicus is a central food source supporting the marine food web. Beside this illustration are orange and blue outlined text boxes:

On the bottom right of the infographic is a box with a map of North Atlantic Right Whale foraging areas in Atlantic Canadian waters. The land on the map is white and the ocean is blue. Designated critical habitat for NARWs on the bottom of the map at the southern end of the Scotian Shelf in the Gulf of Maine is shaded darker blue. Emerging habitat in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence is outlined by an orange circle. A dark blue line extends from the bottom to the top of the map linking the habitats with an arrow at the top pointing towards the GSL. Blue solid outlines of NARWs are at the beginning and end of this line.

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