Concepts, Terms and Definitions

Following is a glossary of terms and definitions used in the survey and throughout this report:

Recreational Fishing:
refers to non-commercial fishing; recreational angling and sport fishing are covered in the definition used by the survey. Note that food, social and ceremonial fishing and subsistence fishing are not covered by the survey and are, therefore, not included in any of the estimates presented in this report.
Active Angler:
an angler who fished in 2010; the identification of anglers was based on the information from provincial and territorial licensing databases and active anglers were estimated based on the results of the survey pre-screening Footnote 3 and from responses from individual respondents.
Adult Anglers:
the total adult angler population in 2010; does not include individuals under 16 years of age (15 years and 18 years of age in some jurisdictions). The survey results presented in this report relate to recreational fishing activities of active adult anglers covered in the survey. Footnote 4
made up of one or more adult anglers who reside in the same dwelling.
province or territory having the recreational fishing management responsibility. The province of British Columbia (BC) is divided into two jurisdictions, namely, BC Tidal (salt water or marine recreational fishing), which is managed by DFO and BC Freshwater (recreational fishing in BC's freshwater regions), which is managed by the province.
Angler categories:
each jurisdiction surveyed two general categories of active anglers: resident anglers and non-resident anglers (Canadian and Foreign). The only exception was in Quebec where non-resident anglers were not covered in the survey.
Resident Angler:
an angler who lived in the jurisdiction and who fished within that jurisdiction in 2010.
Canadian Non-resident Angler:
a Canadian angler who fished in a jurisdiction other than his/her home jurisdiction.
Other Non-resident Angler:
a non-Canadian angler who fished in a Canadian jurisdiction. The terms foreign angler, other non-resident angler and non-Canadian angler are used interchangeably throughout the report.
Fish Harvested:
number of fish caught (the term fish harvest is also used in the tables).
Fish Retained:
number of fish kept.
Day Fished:
a day or part of a day on which an angler fished for recreation.
Direct Expenditures:
expenditures on goods and services (food, camping, accommodation, transportation, supplies, etc.) incurred during fishing trips or excursions.
Major Purchases and Investments:
the purchase of durable goods in support of recreational fishing activities. These include boats, motors, special vehicles, camping gear and other durable goods. Land and building purchases are also included. Major purchases and investments are broken down into two categories: (1) major purchases and investments attributable in whole or in part to recreational fishing, defined as the total purchase price of the durable goods mentioned above; and (2) major purchases and investments wholly attributable to recreational fishing, calculated based on the percentage of the purchase price which the angler feels was directly attributable to recreational fishing activities. In 2010, there was a differentiation made based on whether boating equipment and special vehicle purchases were new or used.
Fishing Equipment and Fishing Supplies:
fishing equipment includes expenditures on goods such as fishing rods, reels, depth finders, etc. while fishing supplies are items purchased in the course of fishing activity such as bait, line, etc.
Package Deal:
monies paid to a lodge or outfitter for a complete range of services such as lodging, food, transportation, use of fishing equipment, etc. Types of package deals include: fly-in camps, lodge, charter boats, outfitters, etc.
Fishing Services:
include boat rental, guide services, licence fees, permits, tags, etc.
Fishing Supplies:
include bait, line, tackle, etc.
Average Annual Growth Rate(decline):
calculated using the formula r=exp(ln(pn/p0)/n)-1 where r = average annual growth rate, pn and p0 are the last and first observations in the period, n is the number of years in the period and ln is the natural logarithm operator. Footnote 5
Current Dollars:
also referred to as nominal dollars; actual dollars received or paid, unadjusted for price changes (inflation).
Constant Dollars:
dollars that have been adjusted for inflation.