Références

Les principaux documents de référence suivants ont été utilisés dans le cadre de la création du présent site Web. Pour de plus amples renseignements sur des sujets comme la prédation des sacs ovigères ou le dimorphisme dentaire sexuel chez les raies, veuillez consulter directement ces ouvrages et ces articles publiés.

Carrier, J.C., Musick, J.A. et Heithaus, M.R., éd. 2004. Biology of Sharks and their Relatives. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Floride.

Boschung, H.T., Williams, J.D., Gotshall, D.W., Caldwell, D.K. et Caldwell, M.C. 1998. National Audobon Society Field Guide to North American Fishes, Whales and Dolphins. Chanticleer Press Inc., New York.

Bor, P.H.F. et Santos, M.B. 2003. Findings of elasmobranch eggs in the stomachs of sperm whales and other marine organisms. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 83 : 1351-1353.

Bratton, B.O. et Ayes, J.L. 1987. Observations on the electric organ discharge of two skate species (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae) and its relationship to behaviour. Environmental Biology of Fishes 20(4) : 241-254.

Castro, J.I. 1983. The Sharks of North American Waters. Texas A&M University Press.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1990. Alternative life-history styles of cartilaginous fishes in time and space. Environmental Biology of Fishes 28 : 33-75.

Cox, D.L. et Koob, T.J. 1993. Predation on elasmobranch eggs. Environmental Biology of Fishes 38 : 117-125.

Frisk, M.G. et Miller, T.J. 2006. Age, growth, and latitudinal patterns of two Rajidae species in the northwestern Atlantic: little skate (Leucoraja erinacea) and winter skate (Leucoraja ocellata). J. Can. Sci. Halieut. Aquat. 63 : 1078-1091.

Gedamke, T., DuPaul, W.D. et Musick, J.A. 2005. Observations on the life history of the barndoor skate, Dipturus laevis, on Georges Bank (Western North Atlantic). J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci. 35 (art. 19), version électronique.

Hamlett, W.C. 1999. Sharks, Skates, and Rays. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.

Kajiura, S.M. et Tricas, T.C. 1996. Seasonal dynamics of dental sexual dimorphism in the Atlantic stingray Dasyatis sabina. Journal of Experimental Biology 199 : 2297-2306.

Kajiura, S.M., Sebastian, A.P. et Tricas, T.C. 2000. Dermal bite wounds as indicators of reproductive seasonality and behaviour in the Atlantic stingray, Dasyatis sabina. Environmental Biology of Fishes 58 : 23-31.

Koester, D.M. 2003. Anatomy and motor pathways of the electric organ of skates. The Anatomical Record, Partie A 273A : 648-662.

Koester, D.M., Spirito, C.P. 2003. Punting: an unusual mode of locomotion in the little skate, Leucoraja erinacea (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 3 : 553-561.

Kulka, D.W., Swain, D., Simpson, M.R., Miri, C.M., Simon, J., Gauthier, J., McPhie, R., Sulikowski, J. et Hamilton, L. 2006. Répartition, abondance et cycle biologique de Malacoraja senta (raie à queue de velours) dans les eaux atlantiques canadiennes par rapport à sa répartition globale. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Doc. de rech. 2006/093.

Lucifora, L.O. et Vassallo, A.I. 2002. Walking in skates (Chondrichthyes, Rajidae): anatomy, behaviour and analogies to tetrapod locomotion. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 77 : 35-41.

Luer, C.A., Gilbert, P.W. 1985. Mating behavior, egg deposition, incubation period, and hatching in the clearnose skate, Raja eglanteria. Environmental Biology of Fishes 13(3) : 161-171.

Martin, R.A. et Rekdal, E. 2006. "Hedgehog": a novel posture in juvenile Amblyraja radiata. Journal of Fish Biology 68 : 613-617.

McPhie, R.P. et Campana, S.E. 2007. Bomb dating and age determination of northwest Atlantic skate (family Rajidae) on the eastern Scotian Shelf. Soumis aux fins de publication.

Moyle, P.B. et Cech, J.J. 2004. Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

Natanson, L.J., Sulikowski, J.A., Kneebone, J. et Tsang, P.C.W. 2006. Age and growth of the smooth skate, Malacoraja senta, from the western Gulf of Maine. Résumé, réunion annuelle de 2006 de l'American Elasmobranch Society, Nouvelle-Orléans, Louisiane.

Nelson, G.A. et Ross, M.R. 1995. Gastric evacuation in little skate. Journal of Fish Biology 46 : 977-986.

Ostrander, G.K., Cheng, K.C., Wolf, J.C. et Wolfe, M.J. 2004. Shark cartilage, cancer, and the growing threat of pseudoscience. Cancer Research 64 : 8485-8491.

Rick, T.C. et Erlandson, J.M. 2002. Evaluating the economic significance of sharks, skates, and rays (Elasmobranchs) in prehistoric economies. Journal of Archaeological Science 29 : 111-122.

Scott, W.B. et Scott, M.G. 1988. Atlantic Fishes of Canada. Bull. Can. Sci. Halieut. Aquat. n o 219, 731 p.

Sulikowski, J.A., Morin, M.D., Suk, S.H. et Huntting Howell, W. 2003. Age and growth estimates of the winter skate (Leucoraja ocellata) in the western Gulf of Maine. Fish Bull. 101 : 405-413.

Sulikowski, J.A., Tsang, P.C.W. et Huntting Howell, W. 2004. An annual cycle of steroid hormone concentrations and ginad development in the winter skate, Leucoraja ocellata, from the western Gulf of Maine. Mar. Bio. 144 : 845-853.

Sulikowski, J.A., Tsang, P.C.W. et Huntting Howell, W. 2005. Age and size at sexual maturity for the winter skate (Leucoraja ocellata), in the western Gulf of Maine based on morphological, histological and steroid hormone analyses. Environmental Biology of Fishes 72 : 429-441.

Sulikowski, J.A., Kneebone, J., Elzey, S., Jurek, J., Danley, P.D., Huntting Howell, W. et Tsang, P.C.W. 2005. Age and growth estimates of the thorny skate (Amblyraja radiata) in the western Gulf of Maine. Fish Bull. 103 : 161-168.

Sulikowski, J.A., Kneebone, J., Elzey, S., Danley, P.D., Huntting Howell, W. et Tsang, P.C.W. 2005. The reproductive cycle of the thorny skate (Amblyraja radiata) in the western Gulf of Maine. Fish Bull. 103 : 536-543.

Sulikowski, J.A., Kneebone, J., Elzey, S., Jurek, J., Hunting Howell, W. et Tsang, P.C.W. 2006. Using the composite variables of reproductive morphology, histology and steroid hormones to determine age and size at sexual maturity for the thorny skate Amblyraja radiata in the western Gulf of Maine. J. Fish Biol. 69 : 1449-1465.

Sulikowski, J.A., Elzey, S., Kneebone, J., Jurek, J., Huntting Howell, W. et Tsang, P.C.W. 2007. The reproductive cycle of the smooth skate, Malacoraja senta, in the Gulf of Maine. Mar. Freshw. Res. 58 : 98-103.

Templeman, W. 1982. Development, occurrence and characteristics of egg capsules of the thorny skate, Raja radiata, in the Northwest Atlantic. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci. 3 : 47-56.

Templeman, W. 1984. Migrations of thorny skate, Raja radiata, tagged in the NewFoundland area. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci. 5 : 55-63.

Templeman, W. 1987. Differences in sexual maturity and related characteristics between population of thorny skate (Raja radiata) in the Northwest Atlantic. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci. 7 : 155-167.

Waring, G.T. 1984. Age, growth, and mortality of the little skate off the Northeast Coast of the United States. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 113 : 314-321.