Socio-Economic Impact of the Presence of Asian Carp in the Great Lakes Basin

Socio-Economic Impact of the Presence of Asian Carp in the Great Lakes Basin

Socio-Economic Impact of the Presence of Asian Carp in the Great Lakes Basin (PDF, 634 KB)

Prepared by
Salim Hayder, Ph.D.

Edited by
Debra Beauchamp

Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Policy and Economics
501 University Crescent, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N6

Table of Contents

Annex 1: Selected Socio-Economic Indicators for Ontario

Description

Annex 1 is a table titled “Selected Socio-Economic Indicators for Ontario” and is sourced from “Statistics Canada. 2007. 2006 Community Profiles. 2006 Census.” The table has three columns captioned from left to right “Characteristics,” “Ontario” and “Canada.” The table has 32 rows, with 10 main rows and 22 sub-rows. Main row 1 is Total Population with values of 12,160,285 for Ontario and 31,612,895 for Canada. Sub-row 1.1 under Total Population is Male with values of 5,877,875 for Ontario and 15,326,265 for Canada. Sub-row 1.2 under Total Population is Female with values of 6,151,020 for Ontario and 15,914,765 for Canada. Main row 2 is “Population density per square kilometre” with values of 13.40 for Ontario and 3.51 for Canada. Main row 3 is “Land area (square km)” with values of 907,574 for Ontario and 9,017,699 for Canada. Main row 4 is “Median age of the population” with values 39 for Ontario and 40 for Canada. Main row 5 is “% of the population aged 15 and over” with a value of 82 for both Ontario and Canada. Main row 6 is “Aboriginal identity population” with values of 242,490 for Ontario and 1,172,785 for Canada. Sub-row 6.1 under Aboriginal identity population is Male with values of 117,585 for Ontario and 572,095 for Canada. Sub-row 6.2 under Aboriginal identity population is Female with values of 124,900 for Ontario and 600,695 for Canada. Main row 7 is “Total population 15 years and over” with values of 9,819,420 for Ontario and 25,664,220 for Canada. Sub-row 7.1 under Total population 15 years and over is No certificate; diploma or degree with values of 2,183,625 for Ontario and for 6,098,325 Canada. Sub-row 7.2 under Total population 15 years and over is High school certificate or equivalent with values of 2,628,575 for Ontario and 6,553,425 for Canada. Sub-row 7.3 under Total population 15 years and over is University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level with values of 405,270 for Ontario and 1,136,145 for Canada. Sub-row 7.4 under Total population 15 years and over is University certificate; diploma or degree with values of 2,012,060 for Ontario and 4,655,770 for Canada. Main row 8 is “In the labour force” with values of 6,587,580 for Ontario and 17,146,135 for Canada. Sub-row 8.1 under In the labour force is Employed with values of 6,164,245 for Ontario and 16,021,180 for Canada. Sub-row 8.2 under In the labour force is Unemployed with values of 423,335 for Ontario and 1,124,955 for Canada. Sub-row 8.3 under In the labour force is Employment rate with values of 94% for Ontario and 93% for Canada. Sub-row 8.4 under In the labour force is Unemployment rate with values of 6% for Ontario and 7% for Canada. Main row 9 is “Total experienced labour force 15 years and over” with values of 6,473,730 for Ontario and 16,861,180 for Canada. Sub-row 9.1 under Total experienced labour force 15 years and over is Agriculture and other resource-based industries with values of 190,000 for Ontario and 895,415 for Canada. Sub-row 9.2 under Total experienced labour force 15 years and over is Construction with values of 384,775 for Ontario and 1,069,095 for Canada. Sub-row 9.3 under Total experienced labour force 15 years and over is Manufacturing with values of 899,670 for Ontario and 2,005,980 for Canada. Sub-row 9.4 under Total experienced labour force 15 years and over is Retail trade with values of 720,235 for Ontario and 1,917,170 for Canada. Sub-row 9.5 under Total experienced labour force 15 years and over is Finance and real estate with values of 442,610 for Ontario and 992,720 for Canada. Sub-row 9.6 under Total experienced labour force 15 years and over is Business services with values of 1,274,345 for Ontario and 3,103,195 for Canada. Sub-row 9.7 under Total experienced labour force 15 years and over is Other services with values of 1,209,390 for Ontario and 3,271,505 for Canada. Main row 10 is Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts) with values of 6,991,670 for Ontario and 18,201,265 for Canada. Sub-row 10.1 under Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts) is Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over ($) with values of 29,335 for Ontario and 26,850 for Canada. Sub-row 10.2 under Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts) is Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over who worked full year; full time ($) with values of $44,748 for Ontario and $41,401 for Canada.

Selected Socio-Economic Indicators for Ontario
Characteristics Ontario Canada
Total population 12,160,285 31,612,895
Male 5,877,875 15,326,265
Female 6,151,020 15,914,765
Population density per square kilometre 13.40 3.51
Land area (square km) 907,574 9,017,699
Median age of the population 39 40
% of the population aged 15 and over 82 82
Aboriginal identity population 242,490 1,172,785
Male 117,585 572,095
Female 124,900 600,695
Total population 15 years and over 9,819,420 25,664,220
No certificate; diploma or degree 2,183,625 6,098,325
High school certificate or equivalent 2,628,575 6,553,425
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 405,270 1,136,145
University certificate; diploma or degree 2,012,060 4,655,770
In the labour force 6,587,580 17,146,135
Employed 6,164,245 16,021,180
Unemployed 423,335 1,124,955
Employment rate 94% 93%
Unemployment rate 6% 7%
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over 6,473,730 16,861,180
Agriculture and other resource-based industries 190,000 895,415
Construction 384,775 1,069,095
Manufacturing 899,670 2,005,980
Retail trade 720,235 1,917,170
Finance and real estate 442,610 992,720
Business services 1,274,345 3,103,195
Other services 1,209,390 3,271,505
Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts) 6,991,670 18,201,265
Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over ($) 29,335 26,850
Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over who worked full year; full time ($) $44,748 $41,401
Source: Statistics Canada. 2007. 2006 Community Profiles. 2006 Census.

Annex 2: Aboriginal identity population by Sexes, Age Groups, Median Age for Ontario and Canada

Description

Annex 2 is a table titled “Aboriginal identity population by Sexes, Age Groups, Median Age for Ontario and Canada” and is sourced from Statistics Canada; Censuses of Population; 2006. The table has seven columns. The first is captioned “Provinces/Territories”; the second “Total population”; the third “Aboriginal Population” with the note that the total Aboriginal identity population includes the Aboriginal groups (North American Indian, Métis and Inuit); the fourth “North American Indian”; the fifth “ Métis”; the sixth “Inuit”; and the seventh “Non-aboriginal identity population.” The table has 5 main rows with two sub-rows each. Row 1 is Population by Ethnicity with sub-rows Ontario and Canada. The Ontario values are total population 12,028,895; Aboriginal population 242,495; North American Indian 158,395; Métis 73,605; Inuit 2,035; and Non-aboriginal identity population 11,786,405. The Canada values are total population 31,241,030; Aboriginal population 1,172,785; North American Indian 698,025; Métis 389,780; Inuit 50,480; and Non-aboriginal identity population 30,068,240. Row 2 is Male by Ethnicity with sub-rows Ontario and Canada. The Ontario values are total population 5,877,875; Aboriginal population 117,585; North American Indian 75,955; Métis 37,025; Inuit 940; and Non-aboriginal identity population 5,760,285. The Canada values are total population 15,326,270; Aboriginal population 572,095; North American Indian 338,050; Métis 193,500; Inuit 25,025; and Non-aboriginal identity population 14,754,175. Row 3 is Female by Ethnicity with sub-rows Ontario and Canada. The Ontario values are total population 6,151,020; Aboriginal population 124,900; North American Indian 82,440; Métis 36,580; Inuit 1,095; and Non-aboriginal identity population 6,026,115. The Canada values are total population 15,914,760; Aboriginal population 600,695; North American Indian 359,975; Métis 196,285; Inuit 25,460; and Non-aboriginal identity population 15,314,065. Row 4 is Median Age by Ethnicity with sub-rows Ontario and Canada. The Ontario values are total population 38.7; Aboriginal population 29.7; North American Indian 27.9; Métis 32.8; Inuit 21.2; and Non-aboriginal identity population 38.9. The Canada values are total population 39.2; Aboriginal population 26.5; North American Indian 24.9; Métis 29.5; Inuit 21.5; and Non-aboriginal identity population 39.7. Row 5 is Total population 15 years and over with sub-rows Ontario and Canada. The Ontario values are total population 9,819,420; Aboriginal population 178,170; North American Indian 111,925; Métis 58,180; Inuit 1,345; and Non-aboriginal identity population 9,641,255. The Canada values are total population 25,664,225; Aboriginal population 823,885; North American Indian 473,235; Métis 291,330; Inuit 32,775; and Non-aboriginal identity population 24,840,335.

Aboriginal identity population by Sexes, Age Groups, Median Age for Ontario and Canada
Provinces/Territories Total population Aboriginal Population* North American Indian Métis Inuit Non-aboriginal identity population
Population by Ethnicity
 Ontario 12,028,895 242,495 158,395 73,605 2,035 11,786,405
 Canada 31,241,030 1,172,785 698,025 389,780 50,480 30,068,240
Male by Ethnicity
 Ontario 5,877,875 117,585 75,955 37,025 940 5,760,285
 Canada 15,326,270 572,095 338,050 193,500 25,025 14,754,175
Female Age by Ethnicity
 Ontario 6,151,020 124,900 82,440 36,580 1,095 6,026,115
 Canada 15,914,760 600,695 359,975 196,285 25,460 15,314,065
Median Age by Ethnicity
 Ontario 38.7 29.7 27.9 32.8 21.2 38.9
 Canada 39.2 26.5 24.9 29.5 21.5 39.7
Total population 15 years and over
 Ontario 9,819,420 178,170 111,925 58,180 1,345 9,641,255
 Canada 25,664,225 823,885 473,235 291,330 32,775 24,840,335

Sources: Statistics Canada; Censuses of Population; 2006.

Note: * The total Aboriginal identity population includes the Aboriginal groups (North American Indian, Métis and Inuit).

Annex 3: Estimated Water Consumption and Values by Sector, Lake and Province for the Year 2008

Description

Annex 3 is a table titled “Estimated Water Consumption and Values by Sector, Lake and Province for the Year 2008” and is sourced from the Great Lakes Commission (2011). The table has five columns. The first is captioned “Name of the Lake”; the second is “Raw Water Use” with the sub-columns “Public Sector”, “Self-Supply Domestic” and “Total”; the third is “Agricultural Sector” with the sub-columns “Livestock”, “Irrigation” and “Total”; the fourth is “Industry” and the fifth is “Total.” The table has four main rows: the first is captioned “Quantity (Mil. M3/Year)”; the second “Grand Total”; the third “Value (Mil.); and the fourth “Grand Total.” Under the Quantity and Value rows are sub-rows for Ontario and Quebec and their respective lakes. Row 1 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) main row. Row 2 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) values for Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector 158.1, self-supply domestic 22.4 and total 180.5; agricultural sector: livestock 40.7, irrigation 78.9 and total 119.6; industry 80.36; and total 380.45. Row 3 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) values for the St. Lawrence under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector 15.1, self-supply domestic 2.4 and total 17.5; agricultural sector: livestock 6.5, irrigation 2.5 and total 9.1; industry 14.00; and total 40.58. Row 4 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) values for Lake Ontario under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector 96.6, self-supply domestic 13.3 and total 109.9; agricultural sector: livestock 6.0, irrigation 19.1 and total 25.1; industry 19.99; and total 154.94. Row 5 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) values for Lake Eerie under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector 19.5, self-supply domestic 4.1 and total 23.6; agricultural sector: livestock 14.6, irrigation 34.3 and total 48.9; industry 15.71; and total 88.23. Row 6 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) values for Lake Huron under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector 17.5, self-supply domestic 2.2 and total 19.7; agricultural sector: livestock 13.4, irrigation 22.5 and total 36.0; industry 16.55; and total 72.18. Row 7 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) values for Lake Superior under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector 9.5, self-supply domestic 0.4 and total 9.9; agricultural sector: livestock 0.2, irrigation 0.4 and total 0.6; industry 14.11; and total 24.51. Row 8 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) values for Quebec as follows: raw water use: public sector 151.8, self-supply domestic 9.9 and total 161.7; agricultural sector: livestock 21.1, irrigation 11.5 and total 32.6; industry 17.34; and total 211.62. Row 9 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) values for the St. Lawrence under Quebec as follows: raw water use: public sector 151.8, self-supply domestic 9.9 and total 161.7; agricultural sector: livestock 21.1, irrigation 11.5 and total 32.6; industry 17.34; and total 211.62. Row 10 is the Quantity (Mil. M3/Year) grand total values as follows: raw water use: public sector 310.0, self-supply domestic 32.2 and total 342.2; agricultural sector: livestock 61.8, irrigation 90.4 and total 152.2; industry 97.70; and total 592.06. Row 11 is the Value (Mil.) main row. Row 12 is the Value (Mil.) values for Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector $245.7, self-supply domestic $34.8 and total $280.4; agricultural sector: livestock $44.9, irrigation $87.0 and total $131.9; industry $79.3; and total $491.6. Row 13 is the Value (Mil.) values for the St. Lawrence under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector $23.5, self-supply domestic $3.7 and total $27.2; agricultural sector: livestock $7.2, irrigation $2.8 and total $10.0; industry $13.8; and total $51.0. Row 14 is the Value (Mil.) values for Lake Ontario under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector $150.0, self-supply domestic $20.7 and total $170.7; agricultural sector: livestock $6.6, irrigation $21.1 and total $27.7; industry $19.7; and total $218.1. Row 15 is the Value (Mil.) values for Lake Eerie under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector $30.2, self-supply domestic $6.4 and total $36.6; agricultural sector: livestock $16.1, irrigation $37.9 and total $54.0; industry $15.5; and total $106.1. Row 16 is the Value (Mil.) values for Lake Huron under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector $27.2, self-supply domestic $3.4 and total $30.6; agricultural sector: livestock $14.8, irrigation $24.9 and total $39.7; industry $16.3; and total $86.6. Row 17 is the Value (Mil.) values for Lake Superior under Ontario as follows: raw water use: public sector $14.7, self-supply domestic $0.6 and total $15.3; agricultural sector: livestock $0.2, irrigation $0.4 and total $0.6; industry $13.9; and total $29.8. Row 18 is the Value (Mil.) values for Quebec as follows: raw water use: public sector $235.9, self-supply domestic $15.3 and total $251.2; agricultural sector: livestock $21.3, irrigation $11.5 and total $32.8; industry $17.1; and total $301.1. Row 19 is the Value (Mil.) values for the St. Lawrence under Quebec as follows: raw water use: public sector $235.9, self-supply domestic $15.3 and total $251.2; agricultural sector: livestock $21.3, irrigation $11.5 and total $32.8; industry $17.1; and total $301.1. Row 18 is the Value (Mil.) grand total values as follows: raw water use: public sector $481.6, self-supply domestic $50.1 and total $531.7; agricultural sector: livestock $66.1, irrigation $98.6 and total $164.7; industry $96.4; and total $792.8.

Estimated Water Consumption and Values by Sector, Lake and Province for the Year 2008
Name of the Lake Raw Water Use Agricultural Sector Industry Total
Public Sector Self-Supply Domestic Total Livestock Irrigation Total
Quantity (Mil. m3/Year)
Ontario 158.1 22.4 180.5 40.7 78.9 119.6 80.36 380.45
St. Lawrence 15.1 2.4 17.5 6.5 2.5 9.1 14.00 40.58
Lake Ontario 96.6 13.3 109.9 6.0 19.1 25.1 19.99 154.94
Lake Erie 19.5 4.1 23.6 14.6 34.3 48.9 15.71 88.23
Lake Huron 17.5 2.2 19.7 13.4 22.5 36.0 16.55 72.18
Lake Superior 9.5 0.4 9.9 0.2 0.4 0.6 14.11 24.51
Quebec 151.8 9.9 161.7 21.1 11.5 32.6 17.34 211.62
St. Lawrence 151.8 9.9 161.7 21.1 11.5 32.6 17.34 211.62
Grand Total 310.0 32.2 342.2 61.8 90.4 152.2 97.70 592.06
Value (Mil.)
Ontario $245.7 $34.8 $280.4 $44.9 $87.0 $131.9 $79.3 $491.6
St. Lawrence $23.5 $3.7 $27.2 $7.2 $2.8 $10.0 $13.8 $51.0
Lake Ontario $150.0 $20.7 $170.7 $6.6 $21.1 $27.7 $19.7 $218.1
Lake Erie $30.2 $6.4 $36.6 $16.1 $37.9 $54.0 $15.5 $106.1
Lake Huron $27.2 $3.4 $30.6 $14.8 $24.9 $39.7 $16.3 $86.6
Lake Superior $14.7 $0.6 $15.3 $0.2 $0.4 $0.6 $13.9 $29.8
Quebec $235.9 $15.3 $251.2 $21.3 $11.5 $32.8 $17.1 $301.1
St. Lawrence $235.9 $15.3 $251.2 $21.3 $11.5 $32.8 $17.1 $301.1
Grand Total $481.6 $50.1 $531.7 $66.1 $98.6 $164.7 $96.4 $792.8

Source: Great Lakes Commission (2011)

Annex 4: Landings and Landed Values of Commercial fisheries in the Great Lakes by Species and Lake in 2011

Description

Annex 4 is a table titled “Landings and Landed Values of Commercial fisheries in the Great Lakes by Species and Lake in 2011” and is sourced from the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. The table has six columns. The first is captioned “Species”; the second “Eerie”; the third “Huron”; the fourth “Ontario”; the fifth “Superior”; and the sixth “Grand Total”. There are four main rows under the “Species” column: “Landings (lbs.); “Total”; “Landed Values”; and “Total.” The landings (lbs.) for Yellow and White Perch by lake are as follows: 8,639,438 for Eerie; 400,888 for Huron; 153,276 for Ontario; and 1,600 for Superior for a grand total of 9,195,202. The landings (lbs.) for Rainbow Smelt by lake are as follows: 5,909,710 for Eerie; 261 for Huron; no data for Ontario; and 1 for Superior for a grand total of 5,909,972. The landings (lbs.) for Walleye by lake are as follows: 4,417,966 for Eerie; 176,516 for Huron; 24,230 for Ontario; and 811 for Superior for a grand total of 4,619,523. The landings (lbs.) for Lake Whitefish by lake are as follows: 530,013 for Eerie; 2,774,792 for Huron; 78,208 for Ontario; and 255,714 for Superior for a grand total of 3,638,727. The landings (lbs.) for White Bass by lake are as follows: 1,823,374 for Eerie; 1,243 for Huron; 155 for Ontario; and no data for Superior for a grand total of 1,824,772. The landings (lbs.) for Others, which includes American Eel, Bigmouth Buffalo, Black Crappie, Bowfin, Brown Bullhead, Burbot, Channel Catfish, Chinook Salmon, Cisco, Common Carp, Freshwater Drum, Gizzard Shad, Lake Trout, Lepomis, Moxostoma, Mudpuppy, Northern Pike, Oncorhynchus, Pink Salmon, Pomoxis, Quillback, Rainbow Trout, Rock Bass, Round Whitefish, Sea Lamprey, Suckers, and White Sucker, by lake are as follows: 445,358 for Eerie; 365,797 for Huron; 189,944 for Ontario; and 519,934 for Superior for a grand total of 1,521,033. The total landings (lbs.) per lake are as follows: 21,765,859 for Eerie; 3,719,497 for Huron; 445,812 for Ontario; and 778,061 for Superior for a grand total of 26,709,229. The landed values for Yellow and White Perch by lake are as follows: $15,188,370 for Eerie; $887,012 for Huron; $285,436 for Ontario; and $2,416 for Superior for a grand total of $16,363,235. The landed values for Rainbow Smelt by lake are as follows: $1,359,120 for Eerie; $73 for Huron; $0 for Ontario; and $0 for Superior for a grand total of $1,359,193. The landed values for Walleye by lake are as follows: $9,039,586 for Eerie; $444,159 for Huron; $57,113 for Ontario; and $1,217 for Superior for a grand total of $9,542,074. The landed values for Lake Whitefish by lake are as follows: $717,572 for Eerie; $3,223,094 for Huron; $72,497 for Ontario; and $246,538 for Superior for a grand total of $4,259,701. The landed values for White Bass by lake are as follows: $1,432,657 for Eerie; $909 for Huron; $89 for Ontario; and $0 for Superior for a grand total of $1,433,655. The landed values for Others, which includes American Eel, Bigmouth Buffalo, Black Crappie, Bowfin, Brown Bullhead, Burbot, Channel Catfish, Chinook Salmon, Cisco, Common Carp, Freshwater Drum, Gizzard Shad, Lake Trout, Lepomis, Moxostoma, Mudpuppy, Northern Pike, Oncorhynchus, Pink Salmon, Pomoxis, Quillback, Rainbow Trout, Rock Bass, Round Whitefish, Sea Lamprey, Suckers, and White Sucker, by lake are as follows: $36,961 for Eerie; $195,631 for Huron; $167,512 for Ontario; and $209,183 for Superior for a grand total of $609,287. The total landed values per lake are as follows: $27,774,266 for Eerie; $4,750,877 for Huron; $582,648 for Ontario; and $459,354 for Superior for a grand total of $33,567,145.

Landings and Landed Values of Commercial fisheries in the Great Lakes by Species and Lake in 2011
Species Erie Huron Ontario Superior Grand Total
Landings (lbs.)
Yellow and White Perch 8,639,438 400,888 153,276 1,600 9,195,202
Rainbow Smelt 5,909,710 261 - 1 5,909,972
Walleye 4,417,966 176,516 24,230 811 4,619,523
Lake Whitefish 530,013 2,774,792 78,208 255,714 3,638,727
White Bass 1,823,374 1,243 155 - 1,824,772
Others* 445,358 365,797 189,944 519,934 1,521,033
Total 21,765,859 3,719,497 445,812 778,061 26,709,229
Landed Values
Yellow and White Perch $15,188,370 $887,012 $285,436 $2,416 $16,363,235
Rainbow Smelt $1,359,120 $73 $0 $0 $1,359,193
Walleye $9,039,586 $444,159 $57,113 $1,217 $9,542,074
Lake Whitefish $717,572 $3,223,094 $72,497 $246,538 $4,259,701
White Bass $1,432,657 $909 $89 $0 $1,433,655
Others* $36,961 $195,631 $167,512 $209,183 $609,287
Total $27,774,266 $4,750,877 $582,648 $459,354 $33,567,145

Source: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
Note: * Includes American Eel, Bigmouth Buffalo, Black Crappie, Bowfin, Brown Bullhead, Burbot, Channel Catfish, Chinook Salmon, Cisco, Common Carp, Freshwater Drum, Gizzard Shad, Lake Trout, Lepomis, Moxostoma, Mudpuppy, Northern Pike, Oncorhynchus, Pink Salmon, Pomoxis, Quillback, Rainbow Trout, Rock Bass, Round Whitefish, Sea Lamprey, Suckers, White Sucker.

Annex 5: Number of Fish Harvested All Anglers Who Fished on the Great Lakes, by Species and Lake, 2005

Description

Annex 5 is a table titled “Number of Fish Harvested All Anglers Who Fished on the Great Lakes, by Species and Lake, 2005” and is sourced from DFO (2008). The table has 9 columns. The first is captioned “Name of the Species”; the second “Lake Ontario”; the third “Lake Eerie”; the fourth “Lake St. Clair”; the fifth “Lake Huron”; the sixth “Lake Superior”; the seventh “St. Lawrence River”; the eighth “Great Lakes Basin”; and the ninth “Species %.” Row 1 is Walleye with values as follows: 287,888 for Lake Ontario; 303,442 for Lake Eerie; 338,751 for Lake St. Clair; 336,457 for Lake Huron; 530,328 for Lake Superior; 125,542 for the St. Lawrence River; 1,922,410 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 8.1% for species %. Row 2 is Pike with values as follows: 124,297 for Lake Ontario; 178,935 for Lake Eerie; 29,411 for Lake St. Clair; 471,927 for Lake Huron; 196,863 for Lake Superior; 181,229 for the St. Lawrence River; 1,182,661 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 5.0% for species %. Row 3 is Perch with values as follows: 872,121 for Lake Ontario; 3,567,973 for Lake Eerie; 1,608,046 for Lake St. Clair; 754,588 for Lake Huron; 48,852 for Lake Superior; 699,235 for the St. Lawrence River; 7,550,815 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 31.9% for species %. Row 4 is Muskellunge with values as follows: 1,293 for Lake Ontario; 567 for Lake Eerie; 102,457 for Lake St. Clair; 12,314 for Lake Huron; 671 for Lake Superior; 4,894 for the St. Lawrence River; 122,196 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 0.5% for species %. Row 5 is Whitefish with values as follows: 16,996 for Lake Ontario; 9,219 for Lake Eerie; 17,042 for Lake St. Clair; 28,787 for Lake Huron; 8,887 for Lake Superior; no data for the St. Lawrence River; 80,931 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 0.3% for species %. Row 6 is Smallmouth bass with values as follows: 236,764 for Lake Ontario; 639,584 for Lake Eerie; 325,163 for Lake St. Clair; 1,319,003 for Lake Huron; 70,153 for Lake Superior; 243,330 for the St. Lawrence River; 2,833,998 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 12.0% for species %. Row 7 is Largemouth bass with values as follows: 162,112 for Lake Ontario; 161,795 for Lake Eerie; 111,008 for Lake St. Clair; 349,287 for Lake Huron; 7,900 for Lake Superior; 134,513 for the St. Lawrence River; 926,614 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 3.9% for species %. Row 8 is Rainbow Trout with values as follows: 286,366 for Lake Ontario; 60,744 for Lake Eerie; 2,703 for Lake St. Clair; 331,965 for Lake Huron; 15,764 for Lake Superior; 13,728 for the St. Lawrence River; 711,269 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 3.0% for species %. Row 9 is Brown Trout with values as follows: 58,373 for Lake Ontario; 6,726 for Lake Eerie; 809 for Lake St. Clair; 13,091 for Lake Huron; 223 for Lake Superior; no data for the St. Lawrence River; 79,223 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 0.3% for species %. Row 10 is Lake Trout with values as follows: 65,417 for Lake Ontario; 40,065 for Lake Eerie; 659 for Lake St. Clair; 175,956 for Lake Huron; 47,809 for Lake Superior; 4,832 for the St. Lawrence River; 334,736 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 1.4% for species %. Row 11 is Brook Trout with values as follows: 11,830 for Lake Ontario; 1,015 for Lake Eerie; 330 for Lake St. Clair; 27,660 for Lake Huron; 964,391 for Lake Superior; no data for the St. Lawrence River; 1,005,225 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 4.3% for species %. Row 12 is Splake with values as follows: 7,524 for Lake Ontario; no data for Lake Eerie; no data for Lake St. Clair; 8,757 for Lake Huron; 231 for Lake Superior; 9,508 for the St. Lawrence River; 26,020 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 0.1% for species %. Row 13 is Chinook with values as follows: 184,122 for Lake Ontario; 6,833 for Lake Eerie; no data for Lake St. Clair; 217,182 for Lake Huron; 18,754 for Lake Superior; no data for the St. Lawrence River; 426,890 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 1.8% for species %. Row 14 is Coho with values as follows: 57,478 for Lake Ontario; 2,703 for Lake Eerie; 272 for Lake St. Clair; 41,800 for Lake Huron; 7,131 for Lake Superior; no data for the St. Lawrence River; 109,384 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 0.5% for species %. Row 15 is Sturgeon with values as follows: no data for Lake Ontario; 338 for Lake Eerie; 482 for Lake St. Clair; no data for Lake Huron; no data for Lake Superior; no data for the St. Lawrence River; 820 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 0.0% for species %. Row 16 is Catfish with values as follows: 192,557 for Lake Ontario; 118,420 for Lake Eerie; 139,306 for Lake St. Clair; 55,158 for Lake Huron; 1,986 for Lake Superior; 122,691 for the St. Lawrence River; 630,119 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 2.7% for species %. Row 17 is Crappie with values as follows: 468,881 for Lake Ontario; 185,900 for Lake Eerie; 173,418 for Lake St. Clair; 133,100 for Lake Huron; no data for Lake Superior; 17,042 for the St. Lawrence River; 978,342 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 4.1% for species %. Row 18 is Rock Bass with values as follows: 242,585 for Lake Ontario; 291,598 for Lake Eerie; 234,938 for Lake St. Clair; 797,926 for Lake Huron; 3,424 for Lake Superior; 148,308 for the St. Lawrence River; 1,718,779 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 7.3% for species %. Row 19 is Sunfish with values as follows: 428,603 for Lake Ontario; 729,846 for Lake Eerie; 295,439 for Lake St. Clair; 509,590 for Lake Huron; no data for Lake Superior; 201,358 for the St. Lawrence River; 2,164,836 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 9.2% for species %. Row 20 is Smelt with values as follows: 43,253 for Lake Ontario; 945 for Lake Eerie; no data for Lake St. Clair; 39,814 for Lake Huron; 93,537 for Lake Superior; no data for the St. Lawrence River; 177,550 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 0.8% for species %. Row 21 is Other fish with values as follows: 140,743 for Lake Ontario; 188,050 for Lake Eerie; 155,642 for Lake St. Clair; 128,407 for Lake Huron; 5,524 for Lake Superior; 35,638 for the St. Lawrence River; 654,006 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 2.8% for species %. Row 22 is the Total with values as follows: 3,889,202 for Lake Ontario; 6,494,699 for Lake Eerie; 3,535,878 for Lake St. Clair; 5,752,768 for Lake Huron; 2,022,429 for Lake Superior; 1,941,848 for the St. Lawrence River; 23,636,825 for the Great Lakes Basin; and 100.0% for species %.

Number of Fish Harvested All Anglers Who Fished on the Great Lakes, by Species and Lake, 2005
Name of the Species Lake Ontario Lake Erie Lake St. Clair Lake Huron Lake Superior St. Lawrence River Great Lakes Basin Species %
Walleye 287,888 303,442 338,751 336,457 530,328 125,542 1,922,410 8.1%
Pike 124,297 178,935 29,411 471,927 196,863 181,229 1,182,661 5.0%
Perch 872,121 3,567,973 1,608,046 754,588 48,852 699,235 7,550,815 31.9%
Muskellunge 1,293 567 102,457 12,314 671 4,894 122,196 0.5%
Whitefish 16,996 9,219 17,042 28,787 8,887 - 80,931 0.3%
Smallmouth bass 236,764 639,584 325,163 1,319,003 70,153 243,330 2,833,998 12.0%
Largemouth bass 162,112 161,795 111,008 349,287 7,900 134,513 926,614 3.9%
Rainbow Trout 286,366 60,744 2,703 331,965 15,764 13,728 711,269 3.0%
Brown Trout 58,373 6,726 809 13,091 223 - 79,223 0.3%
Lake Trout 65,417 40,065 659 175,956 47,809 4,832 334,736 1.4%
Brook Trout 11,830 1,015 330 27,660 964,391 - 1,005,225 4.3%
Splake 7,524 - - 8,757 231 9,508 26,020 0.1%
Chinook 184,122 6,833 - 217,182 18,754 - 426,890 1.8%
Coho 57,478 2,703 272 41,800 7,131 - 109,384 0.5%
Sturgeon - 338 482 - - - 820 0.0%
Catfish 192,557 118,420 139,306 55,158 1,986 122,691 630,119 2.7%
Crappie 468,881 185,900 173,418 133,100 - 17,042 978,342 4.1%
Rock Bass 242,585 291,598 234,938 797,926 3,424 148,308 1,718,779 7.3%
Sunfish 428,603 729,846 295,439 509,590 - 201,358 2,164,836 9.2%
Smelt 43,253 945 - 39,814 93,537 - 177,550 0.8%
Other fish 140,743 188,050 155,642 128,407 5,524 35,638 654,006 2.8%
Total 3,889,202 6,494,699 3,535,878 5,752,768 2,022,429 1,941,848 23,636,825 100.0%

Source: DFO (2008)

Annex 6: Heat-Map - Commercial and Recreational Fishing for 20 and 50 Years

A: Commercial and Recreational Fishing by Lake for 20 Years

Description

Graph A is captioned “Commercial and Recreational Fishing by Lake for 20 Years.” The vertical variable is “Uncertainty” with the sub-variables “Low,” “Moderate,” and “High,” and the horizontal variable is “Risk” with the sub-variables “Low,” “Moderate,” and “High.” Lake Superior falls in the moderate to high category of uncertainty with a low risk. Lakes Eerie, Huron and and Ontario fall in the moderate to high category with a moderate risk.

B: Commercial and Recreational Fishing by Lake for 50 Years

Description

Graph B is captioned “Commercial and Recreational Fishing by Lake for 50 Years.” The vertical variable is “Uncertainty” with the sub-variables “Low,” “Moderate,” and “High,” and the horizontal variable is “Risk” with the sub-variables “Low,” “Moderate,” and “High.” Lake Superior falls in the moderate to high category of uncertainty with a moderate risk. Lakes Eerie, Huron and and Ontario fall in the moderate to high category of uncertainty with a high risk.

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