Search Aquatic Species at Risk

The following table is a non-exhaustive list of Aquatic Species at Risk found in Canadian waters. Some species are already protected under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) while some are under consideration for addition to the Act.

Please check back regularly for new species profiles.

Description of the table

The first column contains the species name and a hyperlink to a page with details on the specific species. The second column contains the species type, and the third column indicates the Fisheries and Oceans Canada region(s), or province(s), where the species is located.

Aquatic Species at Risk found in Canadian waters
Species Name Species Group Region(s) or Province(s)

Acadian Redfish (Atlantic population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Prince Edward island, Quebec

Atlantic Bluefin Tuna

Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador

American Eel

Fishes (Freshwater), Fishes (marine/anadromous) Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador

American Plaice (Maritime Population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec

American Plaice (Newfoundland and Labrador Population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador

Atlantic Cod (Arctic Lakes population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut

Atlantic Cod (Laurentian North population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec

Atlantic Cod (Laurentian South population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward island, Quebec

Atlantic Cod (Newfoundland and Labrador)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador

Atlantic Cod (Southern Population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia

Atlantic Mud-Piddock

Molluscs Maritimes

Atlantic Salmon (Anticosti Island population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec

Atlantic Salmon (Eastern Cape Breton Designatable Unit)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Atlantic Ocean – Cape Breton, Nova Scotia

Atlantic Salmon (Gaspé-Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence population - DU12)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes, Quebec

Atlantic Salmon (Inner Bay of Fundy)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes

Atlantic Salmon (Inner St. Lawrence population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec

Atlantic Salmon (Outer Bay of Fundy Designatable Unit)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Atlantic Ocean – New Brunswick

Atlantic Salmon (South Newfoundland population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland

Atlantic Salmon (Southern Uplands Designatable Unit)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Atlantic Ocean – Nova Scotia

Atlantic Salmon (Quebec Eastern North Shore population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec

Atlantic Salmon (Quebec Western North Shore population – DU8)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec

Atlantic Sturgeon (Maritimes population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Atlantic Canada

Atlantic Sturgeon (St. Lawrence populations)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador

Atlantic Walrus

Marine Mammal Nunavut, Manitoba, Quebec, New Brunswick, PEI, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador

Atlantic Walrus (Northwest Atlantic)

Marine Mammal Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec

Atlantic Whitefish

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes

Atlantic Wolffish

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador

Aurora Trout

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Banded Killifish (Newfoundland)

Fishes (Freshwater) Newfoundland and Labrador

Basking Shark (Pacific population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Beluga Whale (Cumberland Sound)

Marine Mammal Nunavut

Beluga Whale (Eastern High Arctic - Baffin Bay population)

Marine Mammal Nunavut

Beluga Whale (Eastern Hudson Bay)

Marine Mammal Nunavut, Quebec

Beluga Whale (St. Lawrence Estuary population)

Marine Mammal Quebec

Beluga Whale (Ungava Bay)

Marine Mammal Quebec

Beluga Whale (Western Hudson Bay population)

Marine Mammal Nunavut, Manitoba, Ontario

Bering Cisco

Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific

Bigmouth Buffalo (Saskatchewan - Nelson River population)

Fishes (Freshwater) Saskatchewan, Manitoba

Black Redhorse

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Blackstripe Topminnow

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Blue Whale (Atlantic population)

Marine Mammal Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec

Blue Whale (Pacific)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Bluntnose Sixgill Shark

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Bocaccio

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Bowhead Whale (Eastern Canada - West Greenland population)

Marine Mammal Nunavut, Quebec

Bowhead Whale (Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population)

Marine Mammal Northwest Territories, Yukon, Nunavut

Bridle Shiner

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec

Brook Floater

Molluscs Maritimes

Bull Trout (Southcoast British Columbia populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia

Bull Trout (Saskatchewan-Nelson Rivers populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta

Bull Trout (Western Arctic populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Northwest Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon

Canary Rockfish

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Carmine Shiner

Fishes (Freshwater) Manitoba

Channel Darter

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec

Chinook Salmon (Okanagan population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Coastrange Sculpin (Cultus population)

Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific

Coho Salmon (Interior Fraser River)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Columbia Sculpin

Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific

Copper Redhorse

Fishes (Freshwater) Quebec

Cusk

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador

Cutlip Minnow

Fishes (Freshwater) Quebec, Ontario

Deepwater Redfish (Gulf of St. Lawrence and Laurentian Channel population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward island, Quebec

Deepwater Redfish (Northern population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut, Newfoundland and Labrador

Deepwater Sculpin (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence)

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec

Dolly Varden (Western Arctic populations)

Fishes (Freshwater), Fishes (marine/anadromous) Yukon, Northwest Territories

Dwarf Wedgemussel

Molluscs Maritimes

Eastern Pondmussel

Molluscs Ontario

Eastern Sand Darter (Ontario populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Eastern Sand Darter (Quebec populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Quebec

Enos Lake Stickleback Species Pair (Benthic and Limnetic Forms)

Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia

Eulachon (Central Pacific Coast population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Eulachon (Fraser River population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Eulachon (Nass/Skeena Rivers population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Fawnsfoot

Molluscs Ontario

Fin Whale (Atlantic)

Marine Mammal Quebec

Fin Whale (Pacific)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Giant Threespine Stickleback

Fishes (freshwater) British Columbia

Grass Pickerel

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec

Gravel Chub

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Green Sturgeon

Fishes (Freshwater), Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Grey Whale (Atlantic population)

Marine Mammal Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador

Grey Whale (Eastern North Pacific population)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Harbour Porpoise (Northwest Atlantic population)

Marine Mammal Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador

Harbour Porpoise (Pacific Ocean population)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Harbour Seal Lacs des Loups Marins subspecies

Marine Mammal Quebec

Hickorynut

Molluscs Ontario, Quebec

Hotwater Physa

Molluscs Pacific

Humpback Whale (North Pacific Population)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Kidneyshell

Molluscs Ontario

Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific transient population)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Killer Whale (Northwest Atlantic / Eastern Arctic population)

Marine Mammal Nunavut, Manitoba, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia

Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific northern resident population)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific offshore population)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific southern resident population)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Lake Chubsucker

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Lake Sturgeon (Great Lakes – Upper St. Lawrence populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec

Lake Sturgeon (Lake of the Woods – Rainy River populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Lake Sturgeon (Nelson River populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Manitoba

Lake Sturgeon (Red-Assiniboine River - Lake Winnipeg populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario

Lake Sturgeon (Saskatchewan River)

Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba

Lake Sturgeon (Southern Hudson Bay - James Bay populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec

Lake Sturgeon (Western Hudson Bay)

Fishes (Freshwater) Saskatchewan, Manitoba

Lake Sturgeon (Winnipeg River - English River populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Manitoba, Ontario

Leatherback Sea Turtle

Reptiles Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Pacific, Quebec

Lilliput

Molluscs Ontario

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Reptiles Atlantic Ocean – Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, Quebec

Longspine Thonyhead

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Mapleleaf Mussel (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population)

Molluscs Ontario

Mapleleaf Mussel (Saskatchewan-Nelson population)

Molluscs Manitoba

Misty Lake Stickleback (Lentic form)

Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia

Misty Lake Stickleback (Lotic form)

Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia

Mountain Sucker (Milk River populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta, Saskatchewan

Mountain Sucker (Pacific populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia

Narwhal

Marine Mammal Nunavut

Nooksack Dace

Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific

North Atlantic Right Whale

Marine Mammal Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec

North Pacific Right Whale

Marine Mammal Pacific

North Pacific Spiny Dogfish

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Northern Abalone

Molluscs Pacific

Northern Bottlenose Whale (Scotian Shelf)

Marine Mammal Atlantic Ocean

Northern Brook Lamprey (Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence)

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec

Northern Fur Seal

Marine Mammal Pacific

Northern Madtom

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Northern Riffleshell

Molluscs Ontario

Northern Wolffish

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, Nova Scotia

Olympia Oyster

Molluscs Pacific

Paddlefish

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Paxton Lake Stickleback Species Pair (Benthic and Limnetic Forms)

Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia

Plains Minnow

Fishes (Freshwater) Saskatchewan

Pugnose Minnow

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Pugnose Shiner

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Quillback Rockfish

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Rainbow Mussel

Molluscs Ontario

Rainbow Smelt (Lake Utopia small-bodied population)

Fishes (Freshwater) Maritimes

Rainbow Trout (Athabasca River populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta

Rayed Bean

Molluscs Ontario

Redside Dace

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

River Redhorse

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec

Rocky Mountain Ridged Mussel

Molluscs Pacific

Rocky Mountain Sculpin (Eastslope populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta

Rougheye Rockfish - Type I & II

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Roughhead Grenadier

Fishes (marine) Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, Nova Scotia

Roundnose Grenadier

Fishes (marine) Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, Nova Scotia

Round Hickorynut

Molluscs Ontario

Round Pigtoe

Molluscs Ontario

Salamander Mussel

Molluscs Ontario

Salish Sucker

Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia

Sea Otter

Marine Mammal Quebec, Pacific

Sei Whale (Pacific)

Marine Mammal Pacific

Shortfin Mako (Atlantic population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes, Quebec

Shorthead Sculpin

Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific

Shortjaw Cisco

Fishes (Freshwater) Northwest Territories, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario

Shortnose Cisco

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Shortnose Sturgeon

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes

Silver Chub

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Manitoba

Silver Chub (Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Silver Lamprey (Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations)

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec

Silver Shiner

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Smooth Skate (Funk Island Deep Population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador

Smooth Skate (Laurentian-Scotian Population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia

Snuffbox

Molluscs Ontario

Sockeye Salmon (Cultus population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Sockeye Salmon (Sakinaw population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Sowerby's Beaked Whale

Marine Mammal Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador

Speckled Dace

Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific

Spotted Gar

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Spotted Sucker

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Spotted Wolffish

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut,Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, Nova Scotia

Spring Cisco

Fishes (Freshwater) Quebec

Steller Sea Lion

Marine Mammal Pacific

Striped Bass (Bay of Fundy population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes

Striped Bass (Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia,

Striped Bass (St. Lawrence River population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec

Thorny Skate

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador

Threehorn Wartyback

Molluscs Ontario

Tope

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific

Unarmoured Threespine Stickleback

Fishes (freshwater) British Columbia

Upper Great Lakes Kiyi

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Vananda Creek Benthic and Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Species Pair

Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia

Vancouver Lamprey

Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific

Warmouth

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Wavy-rayed Lampmussel

Molluscs Ontario

Western Brook Lamprey (Morrison Creek population)

Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific

Western Silvery Minnow

Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario

Westslope Cutthroat Trout (Alberta population)

Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta

Westslope Cutthroat Trout (British Columbia population)

Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia

White Hake (Atlantic and Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia

White Hake (Southern Gulf of St.Lawrence)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec

White Shark (Atlantic population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec

White Sturgeon (Lower Fraser, Upper Columbia, Upper Fraser and Upper Kootenay Designatable Units)

Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific

Winter Skate (Gulf of St. Lawrence population)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland and Labrador

Yellow Lampmussel

Molluscs Maritimes

Yelloweye Rockfish (Pacific Ocean inside and outside waters)

Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific