Search Aquatic Species at Risk

The following table is a non-exhaustive list of Aquatic Species at Risk found in Canadian waters. Some species are already protected under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) while some are under consideration for addition to the Act.

The first column contains the species name and a hyperlink to a page with details on the specific species. The second column contains the species type, and the third column indicates the Fisheries and Oceans Canada region(s), orF province(s), where the species is located.

Please check back regularly for new species profiles.

Aquatic Species at Risk found in Canadian waters
Species Name Species Group Region(s) or Province(s)
Acadian Redfish (Atlantic population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Prince Edward island, Quebec
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador
American Eel Fishes (Freshwater), Fishes (marine/anadromous) Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador
American Plaice (Maritime Population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec
American Plaice (Newfoundland and Labrador Population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador
Atlantic Cod (Arctic Lakes population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut
Atlantic Cod (Laurentian North population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec
Atlantic Cod (Laurentian South population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward island, Quebec
Atlantic Cod (Newfoundland and Labrador) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador
Atlantic Cod (Southern Population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia
Atlantic Mud-Piddock Molluscs Maritimes
Atlantic Salmon (Anticosti Island population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec
Atlantic Salmon (Eastern Cape Breton Designatable Unit) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Atlantic Ocean – Cape Breton, Nova Scotia
Atlantic Salmon (Gaspé-Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence population - DU12) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes, Quebec
Atlantic Salmon (Inner Bay of Fundy) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes
Atlantic Salmon (Inner St. Lawrence population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec
Atlantic Salmon (Outer Bay of Fundy Designatable Unit) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Atlantic Ocean – New Brunswick
Atlantic Salmon (South Newfoundland population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland
Atlantic Salmon (Southern Uplands Designatable Unit) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Atlantic Ocean – Nova Scotia
Atlantic Salmon (Quebec Eastern North Shore population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec
Atlantic Salmon (Quebec Western North Shore population – DU8) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec
Atlantic Sturgeon (Maritimes population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Atlantic Canada
Atlantic Sturgeon (St. Lawrence populations) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador
Atlantic Walrus Marine Mammal Nunavut, Manitoba, Quebec, New Brunswick, PEI, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador
Atlantic Walrus (Northwest Atlantic) Marine Mammal Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec
Atlantic Whitefish Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes
Atlantic Wolffish Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador
Aurora Trout Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Banded Killifish (Newfoundland) Fishes (Freshwater) Newfoundland and Labrador
Basking Shark (Pacific population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Beluga Whale (Cumberland Sound) Marine Mammal Nunavut
Beluga Whale (Eastern High Arctic - Baffin Bay population) Marine Mammal Nunavut
Beluga Whale (Eastern Hudson Bay) Marine Mammal Nunavut, Quebec
Beluga Whale (St. Lawrence Estuary population) Marine Mammal Quebec
Beluga Whale (Ungava Bay) Marine Mammal Quebec
Beluga Whale (Western Hudson Bay population) Marine Mammal Nunavut, Manitoba, Ontario
Bering Cisco Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific
Bigmouth Buffalo (Saskatchewan - Nelson River population) Fishes (Freshwater) Saskatchewan, Manitoba
Black Redhorse Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Blackstripe Topminnow Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Blue Whale (Atlantic population) Marine Mammal Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec
Blue Whale (Pacific) Marine Mammal Pacific
Bluntnose Sixgill Shark Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Bocaccio Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Bowhead Whale (Eastern Canada - West Greenland population) Marine Mammal Nunavut, Quebec
Bowhead Whale (Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population) Marine Mammal Northwest Territories, Yukon, Nunavut
Bridle Shiner Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec
Brook Floater Molluscs Maritimes
Bull Trout (Southcoast British Columbia populations) Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia
Bull Trout (Saskatchewan-Nelson Rivers populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta
Bull Trout (Western Arctic populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Northwest Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon
Canary Rockfish Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Carmine Shiner Fishes (Freshwater) Manitoba
Channel Darter Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec
Chinook Salmon (Okanagan population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Coastrange Sculpin (Cultus population) Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific
Coho Salmon (Interior Fraser River) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Columbia Sculpin Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific
Copper Redhorse Fishes (Freshwater) Quebec
Cusk Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador
Cutlip Minnow Fishes (Freshwater) Quebec, Ontario
Deepwater Redfish (Gulf of St. Lawrence and Laurentian Channel population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward island, Quebec
Deepwater Redfish (Northern population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut, Newfoundland and Labrador
Deepwater Sculpin (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence) Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec
Dolly Varden (Western Arctic populations) Fishes (Freshwater), Fishes (marine/anadromous) Yukon, Northwest Territories
Dwarf Wedgemussel Molluscs Maritimes
Eastern Pondmussel Molluscs Ontario
Eastern Sand Darter (Ontario populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Eastern Sand Darter (Quebec populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Quebec
Enos Lake Stickleback Species Pair (Benthic and Limnetic Forms) Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia
Eulachon (Central Pacific Coast population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Eulachon (Fraser River population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Eulachon (Nass/Skeena Rivers population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Fawnsfoot Molluscs Ontario
Fin Whale (Atlantic) Marine Mammal Quebec
Fin Whale (Pacific) Marine Mammal Pacific
Giant Threespine Stickleback Fishes (freshwater) British Columbia
Grass Pickerel Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec
Gravel Chub Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Green Sturgeon Fishes (Freshwater), Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Grey Whale (Atlantic population) Marine Mammal Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador
Grey Whale (Eastern North Pacific population) Marine Mammal Pacific
Harbour Porpoise (Northwest Atlantic population) Marine Mammal Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador
Harbour Porpoise (Pacific Ocean population) Marine Mammal Pacific
Harbour Seal Lacs des Loups Marins subspecies Marine Mammal Quebec
Hickorynut Molluscs Ontario, Quebec
Hotwater Physa Molluscs Pacific
Humpback Whale (North Pacific Population) Marine Mammal Pacific
Kidneyshell Molluscs Ontario
Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific transient population) Marine Mammal Pacific
Killer Whale (Northwest Atlantic / Eastern Arctic population) Marine Mammal Nunavut, Manitoba, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia
Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific northern resident population) Marine Mammal Pacific
Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific offshore population) Marine Mammal Pacific
Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific southern resident population) Marine Mammal Pacific
Lake Chubsucker Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Lake Sturgeon (Great Lakes – Upper St. Lawrence populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec
Lake Sturgeon (Lake of the Woods – Rainy River populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Lake Sturgeon (Nelson River populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Manitoba
Lake Sturgeon (Red-Assiniboine River - Lake Winnipeg populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario
Lake Sturgeon (Saskatchewan River) Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba
Lake Sturgeon (Southern Hudson Bay - James Bay populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec
Lake Sturgeon (Western Hudson Bay) Fishes (Freshwater) Saskatchewan, Manitoba
Lake Sturgeon (Winnipeg River - English River populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Manitoba, Ontario
Leatherback Sea Turtle Reptiles Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Pacific, Quebec
Lilliput Molluscs Ontario
Loggerhead Sea Turtle Reptiles Atlantic Ocean – Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, Quebec
Longspine Thonyhead Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Mapleleaf Mussel (Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence population) Molluscs Ontario
Mapleleaf Mussel (Saskatchewan-Nelson population) Molluscs Manitoba
Misty Lake Stickleback (Lentic form) Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia
Misty Lake Stickleback (Lotic form) Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia
Mountain Sucker (Milk River populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta, Saskatchewan
Mountain Sucker (Pacific populations) Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia
Narwhal Marine Mammal Nunavut
Nooksack Dace Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific
North Atlantic Right Whale Marine Mammal Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec
North Pacific Right Whale Marine Mammal Pacific
North Pacific Spiny Dogfish Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Northern Abalone Molluscs Pacific
Northern Bottlenose Whale (Scotian Shelf) Marine Mammal Atlantic Ocean
Northern Brook Lamprey (Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence) Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec
Northern Fur Seal Marine Mammal Pacific
Northern Madtom Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Northern Riffleshell Molluscs Ontario
Northern Wolffish Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, Nova Scotia
Olympia Oyster Molluscs Pacific
Paddlefish Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Paxton Lake Stickleback Species Pair (Benthic and Limnetic Forms) Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia
Plains Minnow Fishes (Freshwater) Saskatchewan
Pugnose Minnow Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Pugnose Shiner Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Quillback Rockfish Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Rainbow Mussel Molluscs Ontario
Rainbow Smelt (Lake Utopia small-bodied population) Fishes (Freshwater) Maritimes
Rainbow Trout (Athabasca River populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta
Rayed Bean Molluscs Ontario
Redside Dace Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
River Redhorse Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec
Rocky Mountain Ridged Mussel Molluscs Pacific
Rocky Mountain Sculpin (Eastslope populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta
Rougheye Rockfish - Type I & II Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Roughhead Grenadier Fishes (marine) Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, Nova Scotia
Roundnose Grenadier Fishes (marine) Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, Nova Scotia
Round Hickorynut Molluscs Ontario
Round Pigtoe Molluscs Ontario
Salamander Mussel Molluscs Ontario
Salish Sucker Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia
Sea Otter Marine Mammal Quebec, Pacific
Sei Whale (Pacific) Marine Mammal Pacific
Shortfin Mako (Atlantic population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes, Quebec
Shorthead Sculpin Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific
Shortjaw Cisco Fishes (Freshwater) Northwest Territories, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario
Shortnose Cisco Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Shortnose Sturgeon Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes
Silver Chub Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Manitoba
Silver Chub (Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Silver Lamprey (Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations) Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario, Quebec
Silver Shiner Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Smooth Skate (Funk Island Deep Population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador
Smooth Skate (Laurentian-Scotian Population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia
Snuffbox Molluscs Ontario
Sockeye Salmon (Cultus population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Sockeye Salmon (Sakinaw population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Sowerby's Beaked Whale Marine Mammal Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador
Speckled Dace Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific
Spotted Gar Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Spotted Sucker Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Spotted Wolffish Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut,Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, Nova Scotia
Spring Cisco Fishes (Freshwater) Quebec
Steller Sea Lion Marine Mammal Pacific
Striped Bass (Bay of Fundy population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes
Striped Bass (Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia,
Striped Bass (St. Lawrence River population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Quebec
Thorny Skate Fishes (marine/anadromous) Nunavut, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador
Threehorn Wartyback Molluscs Ontario
Tope Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific
Unarmoured Threespine Stickleback Fishes (freshwater) British Columbia
Upper Great Lakes Kiyi Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Vananda Creek Benthic and Limnetic Threespine Stickleback Species Pair Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia
Vancouver Lamprey Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific
Warmouth Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Wavy-rayed Lampmussel Molluscs Ontario
Western Brook Lamprey (Morrison Creek population) Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific
Western Silvery Minnow Fishes (Freshwater) Ontario
Westslope Cutthroat Trout (Alberta population) Fishes (Freshwater) Alberta
Westslope Cutthroat Trout (British Columbia population) Fishes (Freshwater) British Columbia
White Hake (Atlantic and Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia
White Hake (Southern Gulf of St.Lawrence) Fishes (marine/anadromous) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
White Shark (Atlantic population) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Maritimes, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec
White Sturgeon (Lower Fraser, Upper Columbia, Upper Fraser and Upper Kootenay Designatable Units) Fishes (Freshwater) Pacific
Yellow Lampmussel Molluscs Maritimes
Yelloweye Rockfish (Pacific Ocean inside and outside waters) Fishes (marine/anadromous) Pacific