Predicting and forecasting the effects of multiple stressors on the fish assemblages of the large lakes of Canada


Estimated number of lakes with surface area greater than 10 hectares, (adapted from Minns et al. 2008.)

Canada has approximately 600 lakes larger than 100 square kilometres. These lakes, which are important freshwater resources, face multiple stressors from human activities—in the south from higher population density and development and in the north from resource extraction and climate change. This project aims to predict how fish communities change in response to human activities and will rank Canada's large lakes according to the sensitivity of their various fish communities to change.

Program Name

Strategic Program for Ecosystem-based Research and Advice (SPERA)


Central Canada: Great Lakes, St. Lawrence Freshwater Drainage Basin

Principal Investigator(s)

Nick Mandrak

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