Research funded by the Fisheries Science Collaborative Program (FSCP)

Search the following filtered list for projects under the Fisheries Science Collaborative Program.

Description Eco-region Year(s)
Origin of Herring Harvested in the Gaspé Peninsula, Along the North Shore (4S) and in the Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence (4T)

A key goal of stock conservation is to maintain the diversity of stock units (subpopulations) that reproduce in different areas under different environmental conditions. Managing Atlantic Herring (Clupea harengus) stocks in the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence is a major challenge since the commercial fishery covers areas with a mixture of subpopulations each with a different origin and harvesting level. Signif...

Principal investigator: Catherine Couillard

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2014 - 2015
Lobster Female Maturity

One of the most important regulations for lobster fisheries in Canada is the minimal legal size (MLS) of lobster that can be harvested. For conservation purposes, the MLS should be set to protect enough young mature females from being harvested. In the southwestern Gulf of St. Lawrence, fisheries managers have aimed to set the MLS at or above the size at which 50 percent of females in the population reach sexual maturity (SOM50) and spawn at ...

Principal investigator: Michel Comeau

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2014 - 2015
Fishery-Independent Lobster Population Structure

This collaborative project between Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the Maritime Fishermen’s Union will carry out diving surveys at several sites in the southwestern Gulf of St. Lawrence to gather fishery-independent data for lobster stock assessment and Precautionary Approach purposes. Key goals of the project are to: measure lobster density and length, as well as to monitor ch...

Principal investigator: Michel Comeau

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2014 20152016- 2017
Condition index and energy reserves of the Gulf of St. Lawrence Greenland Halibut

The sustainability of a fishery depends on the management measures established based on the productivity of the target species (largely determined by recruitment, growth and mortality). In the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence, failure to determine the age of Greenland Halibut—particularly in adult fish—considerably limits growth and mortality measurement. It is therefore import...

Principal investigator: Yvan Lambert

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2013 2014- 2015
Science Projects on Local Herring Components

The development of several abundance indices is essential for improving scientific assessments of the annual fall herring biomass and related science advice for Fisheries Management. This research aims to improve the scientific knowledge of fall subpopulations of herring in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence and their relation to the entire herring stock in the Gulf. Enhanced assessment and predictive capacity will benefit the long-term sustai...

Principal investigator: Claude LeBlanc

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2012 20132014- 2015
Bio-collectors to Evaluate Lobster Settlement and the Biodiversity of Species Settling in Coastal Habitat

Declines in productivity of the Northumberland Strait ecosystem make it essential to learn more about the Strait and the fisheries it supports, including the most lucrative fishery in the Gulf, American Lobster. To improve knowledge of productivity and gather the data necessary to establish a lobster recruitment index, 215 post-larval bio-collectors will be deployed at seven dif...

Principal investigator: Michel Comeau

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2012 20132014- 2015
Grey Seal Diet and Foraging in the Îles de la Madeleine Area

In the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence, the failure of Atlantic Cod and Hake stocks to recover from decades of overfishing has been attributed to the high mortality rate of large fish. Predation by Grey Seals is considered to be a key component of this mortality, though evidence that seals consume a lot of large fish is limited to the Cabot Strait, where cod overwinter. More data is necessary to determine whether cod are important prey for seal...

Principal investigator: Mike Hammill

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2011 201220132014- 2015
Assessment of 2013 and 2014 lobster cohort abundance in a natural nursery and on an artificial reef in Baie de Plaisance in the Magdalen Islands

The purpose of the project is to make medium-term forecasts (eight to nine years) of lobster recruitment in the Magdalen Islands. In September, a group of four divers will sample lobsters in a natural nursery (Les Demoiselles) and on artificial reefs located in Baie de Plaisance. This sampling will be used to assess the abundance of new lobster cohorts (individuals born in the ...

Principal investigator: Louise Gendron

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2011 201220132014- 2015
Acquisition of data on lobster populations for the development of a precautionary approach and ecocertification of the lobster fisheries

This project aims to continue the collection of data on lobster populations in the Magdalen Islands and in the Gaspé, which began in the mid-1980s. The project will provide essential information for developing lobster stock status indicators. It will also ensure that the data time series are not interrupted. The indicators will potentially be used to develop a precautionary approach...

Principal investigator: Louise Gendron

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2011 201220132014- 2015
Indirect Effects of Grey Seals on Cod Productivity

The Atlantic Cod stock in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence cannot sustain a commercial fishery since high natural mortality among adult cod and reduced individual growth rates have led to unusually low productivity. An important component of the high mortality rate is thought to be due to predation by Grey Seals, although the indirect effects of predators may be greater than the direct effect of prey consumption. For example, increased risk ...

Principal investigator: Doug Swain

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2010 2011201220132014- 2015
Estimation of Exploitation Rates of Cod using Mark-Recapture Methods

The findings of previous Atlantic Cod tagging and telemetry studies, which are used extensively to assess stocks, indicate that there are complex seasonal movements of cod within each management area. In this new series of projects, cod in Divisions 3Ps, 2J, 3K and 3L will be captured with hand-lines, measured, tagged, and some implanted with telemetry tracking transmitters before being released. Fish harvesters will assist with capture and r...

Principal investigator: John Brattey

Atlantic: Newfoundland, Labrador Shelves 2007 2008200920102011201220132014201520162017- Present
NAFO Divisions 3KLPs Lobster Sampling and Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE)

To date, there has been little verified data available for the commercial lobster fishery in NAFO Divisions 3KLPs off the east and south coasts of Newfoundland. The lobster stock in Division 3P is one of the main drivers of Newfoundland and Labrador’s lobster fishery, particularly Lobster Fishing Area 11 where reported landings have increased from 15 percent of the province’s to...

Principal investigator: Donald Stansbury

Atlantic: Newfoundland, Labrador Shelves 2004 2005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017- Present
NAFO Division 4R Lobster Sampling and Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE)

Located off the west coast of Newfoundland, the lobster stock in NAFO Division 4R is one of the main drivers of Newfoundland and Labrador’s commercial lobster fishery. Preliminary estimates of reported landings in 4R were about 873 tonnes in 2013. To date, however, there has been little verified data available for the lobster fishery along many parts of the coast. To inform the ...

Principal investigator: Donald Stansbury

Atlantic: Newfoundland, Labrador Shelves 2004 2005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017- Present
NAFO Divisions 4R3Pn Cod Tagging

The findings of previous Atlantic Cod tagging, which are used for stock assessments, indicate that there are complex seasonal movements of cod within each management area. For this project, cod in NAFO Divisions 3Pn and 4R are being captured with hand-lines, measured tagged and released using two different types of tags. Data gathered by the traditional tagging program has enabl...

Principal investigator: Claude Brassard

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2003 20042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017- Present
NAFO Division 4R Collaborative Post-Season Snow Crab Pot Survey 2014

Canada is the world’s largest producer of Snow Crab, accounting for about two-thirds of the global supply. To adequately assess the status of Snow Crab stocks and recruitment prospects—the number of crabs that will enter the fishery (exploitable biomass) in a given year—a variety of information, including fishery-independent data, is required. As part of a province-wide survey that began in 2003, this project will implement a scientifically s...

Principal investigator: Darrell Mullowney

Atlantic: Newfoundland, Labrador Shelves 2003 20042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017- Present
NAFO Division 2J3KLNOPs Collaborative Post-Season Snow Crab Trap Survey 2014

In 2012, Canadian Snow Crab exports were valued at some $429 million, making it the second most valuable Canadian fishery export product. However, the exploitable biomass has recently declined in all areas except on and adjacent to the Grand Banks in Divisions 3LNO. To adequately assess the status of crab stocks and recruitment prospects—the number of crabs that will enter the fishery (exploitable biomass) in a given year—a variety of informa...

Principal investigator: Darrell Mullowney

Atlantic: Newfoundland, Labrador Shelves 2003 20042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017- Present
Evaluation of Annual Variability of Atlantic Cod Condition Levels in the Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence

Information about cod condition (health) is an important component of cod stock assessments. This project examines annual variations in the condition levels of Atlantic Cod in NAFO Divisions 3Pn and 4RS in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Cod condition in the area varies seasonally, with the maximum occurring in the fall and the minimum in April-May, prior to the spawning peri...

Principal investigator: Claude Brassard

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2003 20042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017- Present
Cod Reproductive Potential in the Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence

In order to determine appropriate recovery strategies for fish stocks, it is essential to develop indices that reflect the state of the population. The potential egg production of a stock is increasingly viewed as a good measure of its reproductive potential. This project will sample spawning Atlantic Cod in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence just before spawning in May of each year to evaluate the population’s total egg production based on a ...

Principal investigator: Claude Brassard

Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence Estuary 2003 20042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017- Present
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