Instrumentation and Methods for Identifying Changes in Arctic Ocean Acidification
Ocean acidification has the potential to substantially alter ecosystems in ways that are, as yet, unknown. The limited data available for the Canadian Arctic indicates that this region is particularly vulnerable to acidification—an increase in ocean acidity or declining pH (a measure of acidity) as atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) dissolves in surface waters, forming carbonic acid. To effectively predict regional and local impacts, the capacity to collect data in more places and year-round needs to be increased.
Available sensors for measuring seawater pH and CO2 have not been sufficiently tested under, or calibrated for, Arctic conditions. This project will implement a state-of-the art capacity within the Department for testing pH and CO2 sensors in a controlled laboratory environment under a full range of Arctic marine conditions. The results will inform the development of effective calibration and quality control protocols for real-time data produced from eventual deployments, facilitating more effective monitoring of acidification in Arctic Ocean waters.
Central Canada: Lake Winnipeg, Nelson River Drainage Basin
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
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