Coccidia in Sea Cucumbers
Category 4 (Negligible Regulatory Significance in Canada)
Common, generally accepted names of the organism or disease agent
Coccidia of sea cucumbers
Scientific name or taxonomic affiliation
Unidentified species of apicomplexa observed in the connective tissue surrounding the respiratory tree and cloaca of sea cucumbers.
Only reported from one captive Parastichopis californicus Departure Bay, British Columbia, Canada.
Impact on the host
Oocysts of an unidentified coccidian were observed embedded in the connective tissue surrounding the respiratory tree and in the connective tissue between the muscle bundles of the cloaca of one specimen held in a display tank.
Histology: Developing and mature coccidian oocysts about 50 µm in diameter in the connective tissue of internal organs with direct access to the environments such as the respiratory tree and cloaca. Other developmental stages have not yet been encountered.
Methods of control
Prevention and control impractical.
MacCallum, G.S., J. Blackbourn, S.E. McGladdery, S.M. Bower and J.T. Davidson. 2001. Disease issues relevant to the culture of shellfish in Atlantic and Pacific Canada. Bulletin of the Aquaculture Association of Canada 101-3: 5-12.
Bower, S.M. (2004): Synopsis of Infectious Diseases and Parasites of Commercially Exploited Shellfish: Coccidia in Sea Cucumbers.
Date last revised: June 2004
Comments to Susan Bower
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