Step 8: Implement Risk Management Strategy
In Step 8, the Risk Management Strategy (RMS) developed during Step 7 is implemented; it may or may not include remediation. Implementing the RMS should reduce the potential or existing risks to humans and the environment to an acceptable level.
How to Prepare
- Identify if there are any physical activities, as defined in the Regulations Designating Physical Activities under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA, 2012), in the project description. If identified, there may be a requirement for a federal Environmental Assessment (EA) by the CEA Agency, Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, or National Energy Board.
- Identify any other EA regimes (e.g., provincial, territorial).
- Identify timing for all works, undertakings or activities to ensure consistency with DFO's timing windows for work taking place in or near water.
- Ensure that all proposed work is in compliance with relevant legislation and that required permits are in place.
- Review regulatory decisions associated with the site.
What to Do
- Conduct a baseline sampling program.
- Implement a Risk Management Plan (RMP), which may include a Remedial Action Plan (RAP).
- Maintain proper documentation, quality control, and good communication with stakeholders.
- Select appropriate contractors for the remedial work.
- Follow planning guidance in the Measures to Avoid Causing Harm to Fish and Fish Habitat.
- Comply with regulatory requirements (e.g., environmental assessment legislation, Fisheries Act, Species at Risk Act).
- Implement an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) that includes mitigation and monitoring requirements, potential for accidental events, and contingency planning.
How Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) Expert Support Helps
- Advice provided during implementation of the RMS could relate to:
- mitigation measures and compliance requirements under relevant legislation;
- effectiveness and compliance monitoring;
- adaptive management (e.g., unforeseen issues, revisions to the sampling and monitoring plans, etc.).
- Provide support to the public engagement process.
- Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA)
- Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency
- Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) - Guidance on Sampling, Analysis, and Data Management for Contaminated Sites - Volume I: Main Report [PDF 5.74 MB]
- CCME - Guidance Manual on Sampling, Analysis, and Data Management for Contaminated Sites - Volume II: Analytical Method Summaries [PDF 8.45 MB]
- Contaminated Site Remediation Projects Roadmap
- FCSAP Site Closure Tool & Guidance
- Fisheries Act
- Fisheries Productivity Investment Policy: A Proponent's Guide to Offsetting
- Guidance and Orientation for the Selection of Technologies (GOST)
- Pathways of Effects (PoE)
- Projects Near Water - Self-Assessment: Does DFO need to review my project?
- Projects Near Water – Measures to Avoid Causing Harm to Fish and Fish Habitat
- Reviews and authorizations – Request for Review – Form and Guidance
- Species at Risk Act (SARA)
- Species at Risk Public Registry
- Terms and Concepts Used in the Species at Risk Program
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