Current progress towards marine conservation targets

On October 28, 2017, the Honourable Dominic LeBlanc, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard and the Honourable Catherine McKenna, Minister of Environment and Climate Change, announced achievement of Canada’s interim target of 5 percent protection of marine and coastal areas.

Protected areas include Marine Protected Areas created under the Oceans Act, National Marine Conservation Areas, and marine portions of National Wildlife Areas, Migratory Bird Sanctuaries, National Parks, and provincial protected areas. Protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures (OEABCM) both contribute to meeting the 10 percent target. To date, all areas that qualify as OEABCM have been fisheries area closures. Fisheries area closures that meet OEABCM criteria are known as “marine refuges.”

Contributing sites can be viewed on the interactive map.

Conserved Areas Contributing to Marine Conservation Targets

Percent Coverage as of June 27, 2018

Body of Water Bioregion Name Type of Site Approximate Size (km2) Contribution to Marine Conservation Targets Approximate % Coverage Contribution to Marine Conservation Targets
SITES UNDER THE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY OF FISHERIES AND OCEANS CANADA
Arctic Ocean Eastern Arctic Davis Strait Conservation Area Marine Refuge 17,298 0.30
Arctic Ocean Eastern Arctic Disko Fan Conservation Area (portion closed to all bottom-contact fishing) Marine Refuge 7,485 0.13
Arctic Ocean/Atlantic Ocean Eastern Arctic and Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves Hatton Basin Conservation Area Marine Refuge 42,459 0.74
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Basin Head Oceans Act MPA 9 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence Bay of Islands Salmon Migration closure Marine Refuge 218 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Beaugé Bank Sponge Conservation Area Marine Refuge 215 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Central Gulf of St. Lawrence Sponge Conservation Area Marine Refuge 1,284 0.02
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence East of Anticosti Sponge Conservation Area Marine Refuge 939 0.02
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Eastern Gulf of St. Lawrence Coral Conservation Area Marine Refuge 423 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Eastern Honguedo Strait Coral and Sponge Conservation Area Marine Refuge 2,338 0.04
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Jacques-Cartier Strait Sponge Conservation Area Marine Refuge 346 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Les Demoiselles nursery (Plaisance Bay), Magdalen Islands closure Marine Refuge 0.3 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Magdalen Island Lagoons (6 overlapping fisheries area closures) Marine Refuge 136 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Miramichi Bay closure Marine Refuge 1,553 0.03
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence North of Bennett Bank Coral Conservation Area Marine Refuge 821 0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Parent Bank Sponge Conservation Area Marine Refuge 530 <0.01
Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Saguenay Fjord Upstream closure Marine Refuge 109 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Scallop Buffer Zones (3 fisheries area closures) Marine Refuge 5,835 0.10
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Slope of Magdalen Shallows Coral Conservation Area Marine Refuge 335 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence South-East of Anticosti Island Sponge Conservation Area Marine Refuge 845 0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Western Honguedo Strait Coral Conservation Area Marine Refuge 496 <0.01
Gulf of St. Lawrence Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves Lobster Area closures (Trout River, Shoal Point, Penguin Islands, Gooseberry Island, Glovers Harbour, Mouse Island and Gander Bay) Marine Refuge 94 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves Division 3O Coral closure Marine Refuge 10,422 0.18
Atlantic Ocean Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves Eastport Oceans Act MPA 2 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves Funk Island Deep closure Marine Refuge 7,274 0.13
Atlantic Ocean Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves Gilbert Bay Oceans Act MPA 62 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves Hawke Channel closure Marine Refuge 8,837 0.15
Atlantic Ocean Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves Hopedale Saddle closure Marine Refuge 15,411 0.27
Atlantic Ocean Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves Northeast Newfoundland Slope closure Marine Refuge 46,833 0.81
Pacific Ocean Northern Shelf Hecate Strait and Queen Charlotte Sound Glass Sponge Reefs Oceans Act MPA 2,410 0.04
Pacific Ocean Offshore Pacific Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents Oceans Act MPA 97 <0.01
Pacific Ocean Offshore Pacific Offshore Pacific Seamounts and Vents closure Marine Refuge 82,530 1.44
Pacific Ocean Offshore Pacific SGaan Kinghlas-Bowie Seamount Oceans Act MPA 6,103 0.11
Atlantic Ocean Scotian Shelf Corsair and Georges Canyons Conservation Area (restricted bottom fisheries zone) Marine Refuge 8,797 0.15
Atlantic Ocean Scotian Shelf Emerald Basin and Sambro Banks Sponge Conservation Areas (2 fisheries area closures) Marine Refuge 260 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Scotian Shelf The Gully Oceans Act MPA 2,363 0.04
Atlantic Ocean Scotian Shelf Jordan Basin Conservation Area Marine Refuge 49 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Scotian Shelf Lophelia Coral Conservation Area Marine Refuge 15 <0.01
Bay of Fundy Scotian Shelf Musquash Estuary Oceans Act MPA 7 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Scotian Shelf Northeast Channel Coral Conservation Area (restricted bottom fisheries zone) Marine Refuge 391 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Scotian Shelf St. Anns Bank Oceans Act MPA 4,364 0.08
Atlantic Ocean Scotian Shelf Western/Emerald Banks Conservation Area (restricted fisheries zone) Marine Refuge 10,234 0.18
Pacific Ocean Strait of Georgia Strait of Georgia and Howe Sound Glass Sponge Reefs (9 fisheries area closures) Marine Refuge 29 <0.01
Beaufort Sea Western Arctic Anguniaqvia niqiqyuam Oceans Act MPA 2,358 0.04
Beaufort Sea Western Arctic Tarium Niryutait Oceans Act MPA 1,750 0.03
TOTAL DFO SITES 294,247 5.12
SITES PROTECTED BY THE PARKS CANADA AGENCY
Arctic Ocean Arctic Archipelago Qausuittuq National Park National Park 1,179 0.02
Arctic Ocean Arctic Archipelago Quttinirpaaq National Park National Park 2,342 0.04
Arctic Ocean Eastern Arctic Auyuittuq National Park National Park 1,157 0.02
Arctic Ocean (Lancaster Sound) Eastern Arctic Proposed Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area National Marine Conservation Area 109,000 1.9
Arctic Ocean (Lancaster Sound) Eastern Arctic Sirmilik National Park National Park 222 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Forillon National Park National Park 5 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Kouchibouguac National Park National Park 41 <0.01
Atlantic Ocean Estuary & Gulf of St. Lawrence Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area 1,246 0.02
Hudson Bay Hudson Bay Complex Ukkusiksalik National Park National Park 3,074 0.05
Hudson Bay Hudson Bay Complex Wapusk National Park National Park 803 0.01
Pacific Ocean Northern Shelf Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site National Marine Conservation Area 3,500 0.06
Atlantic Ocean Scotian Shelf Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site National Park 3 <0.01
Pacific Ocean Southern Shelf Pacific Rim National Park Reserve National Park 225 <0.01
Pacific Ocean Strait of Georgia Gulf Islands National Park Reserve National Park 6 <0.01
Arctic Ocean (Parry Channel) Western Arctic Aulavik National Park National Park 97 <0.01
Beaufort Sea Western Arctic Ivvavik National Park National Park 78 <0.01
Beaufort Sea Western Arctic Pingo Canadian Landmark National Historic Site 5 <0.01
TOTAL PCA SITES 123,560 2.15
SITES PROTECTED BY OTHER FEDERAL DEPARTMENTS / AGENCIES OR PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS
    Environment and Climate Change Canada areas (Various)   31,166 0.54
    All provincial areas (Various)   10,277 0.18
TOTAL ALL OTHER AREAS 41,443 0.72
TOTAL Footnote 1 454,381 7.90
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