[ List of Acronyms ]
Chronology of Canada's Actions to Curb Overfishing and Improve International Fisheries and Oceans Governance
2012 |2011 |2010 | 2009
- The return of a Canadian Forces aircraft and its crew from Hakodate, Japan, marks the successful completion of the 2012 Operation High Seas Driftnet aerial surveillance mission in the North Pacific and highlights the close cooperation between Fisheries and Oceans Canada, the Department of National Defence and the Government of Japan. Operation High Seas Driftnet is part of a collaborative international initiative of the North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission to deter illegal fishing activity using ongoing aerial and at-sea patrols, as well as sophisticated satellite imaging technology including Canada’s Radarsat-2.
October 12, 2012
- The Government of Canada and the Government of the Russian Federation signed a Memorandum of Understanding on fisheries cooperation that aims to enhance cooperation between the Sides in preventing, deterring and eliminating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing through the exchange of information on vessels entitled to fly the flag of one State seeking to enter or found in a port of the other State.
July 11, 2012
- During a trade and cooperation mission in Japan, the Honourable Keith Ashfield, Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, aims to advance cooperation between both countries to strengthen the international conservation and management measures of migratory species important to Canada and Japan, most notably tuna and swordfish. Minister Ashfield also wants to promote Canadian fish and seafood products to Japanese industry representatives and highlight Canada’s desire to enhance the bilateral trade relationship between the two countries.
November 3, 2011
- Minister Shea announces that Canada has signed the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization's Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (PSMA). The PSMA constitutes an international effort to strengthen fisheries governance around the world and to tackle the problem of IUU fishing by setting strong international minimum standards to prevent illegal fisheries products from entering markets through port access.
- Fisheries and Oceans Canada again contributes to important multinational fisheries enforcement activities in the North Pacific Ocean to protect high seas fish stocks from illegal fishing activities. Dubbed “Operation Driftnet,” this year’s long-range air surveillance patrols took place over a 12 day period from September 23 to October 4, 2010. These patrols are supported by satellite (radarsat2) imagery and other intelligence compiled with the support of the Canadian Forces.
- Fisheries and Oceans Canada announces that Canada has rejoined the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) as a full member. Of particular importance to Canada is the sustainable management of Pacific albacore tuna stocks and the long-term prosperity of the Pacific albacore tuna fishery, which brings in between $20 and $30 million dollars each year in Canada.
- Minister Shea announces that the Government of Canada has begun proactive work under a new Action Plan to combat the threat posed by invasive Asian carp to the Great Lakes and its tributaries.
- Canada and China signed a renewed memorandum of understanding on ocean cooperation. In addition to facilitating collaborative work and the exchange of scientific information, the MOU provides for cooperative science that will support an ecosystem approach to oceans management. The goal is to understand how to maintain ocean ecosystems in healthy and productive condition, while allowing for sustainable use of the goods and services they provide.
- The North Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) took further action to rebuild groundfish stocks and to protect vulnerable marine ecosystems. NAFO members reinforced their commitment to the Precautionary Approach by adopting sustainable measures for the management, re-building, and conservation of the stocks under their mandate, notably cod, Greenland halibut, and northern shrimp, as well as for the protection of vulnerable marine ecosystems in the NAFO Regulatory Area.
- Minister Shea announces the closure of Canadian ports to Faroese and Greenlandic fishing vessels as of February 15, unless they withdraw their objection to the 3L shrimp quota set by the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO).
- Fisheries and Oceans Canada collaborates with the U.S. to protect Great Lakes fisheries, including continued efforts to control the spread of invasive species like Asian carps into the Great Lakes.
- Fisheries and Oceans Canada Catch Certification Office opened officially on December 1, 2009. It issues catch certificates to Canadian exporters, in accordance with the European Union regulation combating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. Fisheries and Oceans Canada is the competent authority that is solely responsible for the administration of Canada’s Catch Certification Program.
February 8, 2010
- Minister Shea has warned Fisheries Ministers in the Faroe Islands and Greenland that Canada will begin denying port access licences to fishing vessels flagged to the Faroe Islands and Greenland as of February 15, 2010 unless the objection to their NAFO quota of 3L shrimp is withdrawn and they comply with the existing NAFO quota.