Memoranda of Understanding

A memorandum of understanding (MOU) is an important tool for increasing bilateral cooperation. MOUs are non-binding agreements based on moral or political commitments. MOUs, in areas of fisheries management and science research, provide key support to Canada's effort to improve international fisheries and oceans governance.

The following are some examples of MOUs signed by Canada:

Norway

On May 22, 2008, Canada and Norway signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Fisheries Cooperation to advance collaborative activities to ensure the conservation and sustainable international management of global marine resources.

Spain

On September 6, 2007, Canada and Spain signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Fisheries Cooperation to advance technical, scientific, economic, and enforcement cooperation related to fisheries issues, particularly in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. This agreement promotes joint participation in research projects, encourages commercial exchanges, and facilitates initiatives that will continue to improve the conservation and management of regulated fisheries.

Russia

On July 3, 2012, Canada and the Russian Federation signed a Memorandum of Understanding to facilitate the sharing of information regarding landings by Canadian and Russian Fishing vessels in each State's ports. The information that will be collected as a result of the MOU will help both parties identify and deter illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing products, and ultimately, will help ensure that the Canadian and Russian Federation markets remain free of illegal, unreported and unregulated fish products.

On November 29, 2007, Canada and Russia signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Fisheries Cooperation to advance collaborative activities to ensure the conservation and sustainable international management of global marine resources. The Canada-Russia MOU on Fisheries Cooperation demonstrates the commitment of two fishing nations to work together to advance technical, scientific, economic, and enforcement activities that address high seas fisheries issues, particularly in the Northwest Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans. Specific projects include undertaking joint scientific research on wild and farmed fish stocks; sharing information on port landings, fisheries statistics and enforcement activities; participating in joint vessel inspections on the high seas; and working together to continue the reform of regional fisheries management organizations.

Portugal

On October 12, 2005, Canada and Portugal signed a Memorandum of Understanding to advance bilateral fisheries relations. The arrangement includes commitments to promote technical, scientific, economic and enforcement co-operation, in addition to the sustainable management of fisheries resources through an ongoing exchange of information and documentation.