Inshore Scallop - Maritimes Region - 2015

Foreword

Photo of two Sea Scallops Placopecten magellanicus
Sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus)

The purpose of this Integrated Fisheries Management Plan (IFMP) is to identify the main objectives and requirements for the inshore scallop fisheries in Scallop Fishing Areas 28 and 29, as well as the management measures that will be used to achieve these objectives. This document also serves to communicate the basic information on the fishery and its management to government, stakeholders and the public. This IFMP provides a common understanding of the basic “rules” for the sustainable management of the fisheries resource.

Through IFMPs, DFO intends to implement an Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) across all marine fisheries. The approach considers impacts extending beyond those affecting the target species and, in this respect, is consistent with the Food and Agriculture Organization’s Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Implementation will take place in a step by step, evolutionary way, building on existing management processes. Advances will be made incrementally, beginning with the highest priorities and issues that offer the greatest scope for progress. A summary of the regional EAM framework is included as Appendix 17 to the IFMP.

This IFMP is not a legally binding instrument which can form the basis of a legal challenge. The IFMP can be modified at any time and does not fetter the Minister's discretionary powers set out in the Fisheries Act. The Minister can, for reasons of conservation or for any other valid reasons, modify any provision of the IFMP in accordance with the powers granted pursuant to the Fisheries Act.

Where DFO is responsible for implementing obligations under land claims agreement, the IFMP will be implemented in a manner consistent with these obligations. In the event that an IFMP is inconsistent with obligations under land claim agreements, the provisions of the land claims agreements will prevail to the extent of the inconsistency.

Jacinta Berthier
Director, Resource & Aboriginal Fisheries Management
Maritimes Region

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

1. OVERVIEW OF THE FISHERY
2. STOCK ASSESSMENT, SCIENCE AND TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE
3. SOCIAL, CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF THE FISHERY
4. MANAGEMENT ISSUES
5. OBJECTIVES
6. STRATEGIES AND TACTICS
7. ACCESS AND ALLOCATION
8. SHARED STEWARDSHIP
9. COMPLIANCE MANAGEMENT PLAN
10. EVALUATION, MONITORING AND PLAN ENHANCEMENT
11. FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES
12. SAFETY AT SEA
List of Tables
  • Table 6.1 – Strategies and tactics incorporating reference points
  • Table 10.1 – Evaluation, Monitoring and Plan Enhancement
List of Figures
  • Figure 3.1 – Maritimes Region Inshore Scallop Total Allowable Catch and landings (tonnes of meats), 1996/96-2012/13p
  • Figure 3.2 – Maritimes Region Inshore Scallop Landings (tonnes of meats) by Fleet/fishery and Total Landed Value ($millions), 1985-2013p
  • Figure 3.3 (a-e) – Maritimes Region Inshore Scallop Landing (tonnes of meats) and landed Value ($millions) by Fleet/Fishery
  • Figure 3.4 – Maritimes Region Inshore Scallop Vessel Activity by Fleet/Fishery, 1997-2013p
  • Figure 3.5 – Maritimes Region Inshore Scallop Average landed price (Meat Weight), 1997-2013p
  • Figure 3.6 – Maritimes Region Inshore Scallop Average landed value per Active Licence by Fleet/Fishery (2013)
  • Figure 3.7 – Maritimes Region Inshore Scallop landed Value by County ($, % of Inshore Scallop total), 2012
  • Figure 3.8 – Scallop landings map (2008-2012) Atlantic Regions
  • Figure 4.1 – Horse mussel reefs in the Bay of Fundy
List of Appendices

Introduction

This Integrated Fisheries Management Plan (IFMP) sets out the policy of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) with respect to managing the scallop fisheries in the Bay of Fundy and approaches (Scallop Fishing Areas 28A, 28B, 28C and 28D) and Scallop Fishing Area 29. Although this plan outlines commitments to the various management objectives and strategies, the Minister retains the discretion to make exceptions to or amend this plan at any time. However, the Department of Fisheries and Oceans and the stakeholders associated with the formulation and application of this plan fully expect the process to be followed as described in this document with improvements made from time to time based on periodical performance reviews or other requirements as dictated by the state of the fishery.

This plan includes an Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) approach to the overall planning process. Under this approach, all resource users, other stakeholders and DFO will collaborate to develop objectives, strategies and review standards designed to meet the following criteria: