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Economic Impact of Marine Related Activities in Canada

Appendix G: Economic Impact Multipliers For Marine-Related Activities

Table G-1: Newfoundland and Labrador
Marine activity GDP1 Employment2 Income1
Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced
Fishing 0.43 0.12 0.12 4.66 1.95 1.39 0.29 0.06 0.09
Aquaculture 0.45 0.19 0.14 4.83 2.68 1.58 0.12 0.09 0.05
Fish processing 0.25 0.33 0.13 5.30 4.64 2.09 0.17 0.11 0.07
Oil & gas exploration/extraction 0.85 0.11 0.01 0.35 0.16 0.11 0.02 0.01 0.01
Support activities for oil & gas 0.46 0.19 0.14 4.00 2.42 1.35 0.19 0.07 0.06
Water transportation 0.35 0.13 0.11 7.00 2.6 2.02 0.3 0.06 0.09
Support activities for transportation 0.55 0.1 0.14 11.50 2.72 2.99 0.41 0.06 0.12
Tourism & recreation 0.4 0.3 0.15 11.00 6 3.57 0.28 0.22 0.13
Oil & gas facilities construction 0.45 0.1 0.12 3.50 1.77 1.11 0.25 0.06 0.08
Ports and harbours construction 0.4 0.2 0.13 6.00 2 1.68 0.26 0.07 0.08
Shipbuilding 0.47 0.08 0.12 11.65 1.37 2.73 0.34 0.03 0.09
Boat building 0.41 0.08 0.11 12.50 1.44 2.93 0.42 0.03 0.11
National Defence 0.45 0.35 0.18 5.45 2.5 1.67 0.45 0.07 0.13
Fisheries & Oceans 0.48 0.27 0.17 7.10 0.91 1.68 0.48 0.07 0.14
Other federal departments 0.66 0.12 0.17 6.82 2.22 1.9 0.66 0.07 0.18
Provincial departments 0.7 0.13 0.18 6.14 2.9 1.9 0.7 0.15 0.21
Universities 0.7 0.13 0.18 9.50 2.28 2.47 0.55 0.06 0.15
ENGOs 0.65 0.06 0.16 10.00 3.54 3.26 0.4 0.1 0.13

 

Table G-2: Nova Scotia
Marine activity GDP1 Employment2 Income1
Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced
Fishing 0.52 0.12 0.17 7.18 2.05 2.31 0.37 0.06 0.12
Aquaculture 0.43 0.2 0.16 7.22 2.01 2.31 0.21 0.1 0.09
Fish processing 0.24 0.29 0.14 7.89 4.61 3.13 0.18 0.13 0.09
Oil & gas exploration/extraction 0.85 0.06 0.03 0.55 1.38 0.48 0.04 0.05 0.03
Support activities for oil & gas 0.46 0.37 0.2 6.3 3.12 2.36 0.32 0.11 0.12
Water transportation 0.41 0.1 0.13 5.7 1.32 1.76 0.33 0.06 0.11
Support activities for transportation 0.54 0.2 0.19 13.27 1.75 3.76 0.47 0.07 0.15
Tourism & recreation 0.42 0.25 0.17 12 7 4.75 0.3 0.25 0.15
Oil & gas facilities construction 0.5 0.3 0.21 3.5 1.75 1.31 0.24 0.06 0.08
Ports and harbours construction 0.4 0.2 0.16 6 9 3.75 0.26 0.32 0.16
Shipbuilding 0.5 0.12 0.16 8.04 2.01 2.51 0.32 0.07 0.11
Boat building 0.4 0.16 0.15 9 2.81 2.95 0.22 0.06 0.08
National Defence 0.71 0.14 0.22 12.28 2.92 3.8 0.71 0.11 0.23
Fisheries & Oceans 0.5 0.28 0.2 7.6 1.23 2.21 0.5 0.07 0.16
Other federal departments 0.7 0.15 0.22 6.2 3.1 2.33 0.7 0.09 0.22
Provincial departments 0.7 0.15 0.22 5.54 6.76 3.08 0.7 0.18 0.25
Universities 0.71 0.12 0.22 9.72 2.7 3.11 0.55 0.07 0.17
ENGOs 0.77 0.11 0.23 17.27 1.75 4.76 0.67 0.05 0.2

 

Table G-3: New Brunswick
Marine activity GDP1 Employment2 Income1
Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced
Fishing 0.69 0.09 0.18 10.44 1.3 3.05 0.44 0.04 0.13
Aquaculture 0.31 0.16 0.11 4.62 2.7 1.9 0.13 0.08 0.06
Fish processing 0.2 0.11 0.07 4.45 1.91 1.65 0.14 0.06 0.06
Oil & gas exploration/extraction - - - - - - - - -
Support activities for oil & gas - - - - - - - - -
Water transportation 0.4 0.1 0.12 4 2.54 1.7 0.2 0.13 0.09
Support activities for transportation 0.54 0.15 0.16 11.7 2.37 3.66 0.74 0.17 0.25
Tourism & recreation 0.4 0.2 0.14 13 9 5.72 0.33 0.32 0.18
Oil & gas facilities construction - - - - - - - - -
Ports and harbours construction 0.4 0.2 0.14 6 9 3.9 0.26 0.32 0.16
Shipbuilding 0.41 0.14 0.13 6.93 1.76 2.26 0.19 0.06 0.07
Boat building 0.41 0.09 0.12 10 1.07 2.88 0.61 0.03 0.18
National Defence - - - - - - - - -
Fisheries & Oceans 0.31 0.26 0.13 4.7 0.43 1.33 0.31 0.03 0.09
Other federal departments 0.7 0.14 0.19 7.65 2.47 2.63 0.7 0.07 0.22
Provincial departments 0.7 0.14 0.19 5.46 4.97 2.71 0.7 0.14 0.24
Universities 0.71 0.13 0.19 9 2.52 3 0.56 0.05 0.17
ENGOs 0.7 0.05 0.17 13 1.37 3.74 0.55 0.03 0.16

 

Table G-4: Prince Edward Island
Marine activity GDP1 Employment2 Income1
Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced
Fishing 0.62 0.07 0.14 6.26 1.38 2.06 0.45 0.05 0.13
Aquaculture 0.74 0.11 0.18 13.61 2.19 4.27 0.35 0.07 0.11
Fish processing 0.14 0.31 0.09 9.1 5.36 3.9 0.19 0.11 0.08
Oil & gas exploration/extraction - - - - - - - - -
Support activities for oil & gas - - - - - - - - -
Water transportation 0.2 0.06 0.05 6.6 2.27 2.39 0.2 0.14 0.09
Support activities for transportation 0.46 0.13 0.12 6 2.66 2.34 0.15 0.07 0.06
Tourism & recreation 0.38 0.2 0.12 10 5 4.05 0.25 0.18 0.11
Oil & gas facilities construction - - - - - - - - -
Ports and harbours construction 0.4 0.2 0.13 7 7 3.78 0.31 0.25 0.14
Shipbuilding 0.41 0.06 0.1 2.7 0.73 0.93 0.09 0.02 0.03
Boat building 0.39 0.06 0.09 9.83 1.17 2.97 0.27 0.03 0.08
National Defence - - - - - - - - -
Fisheries & Oceans 0.31 0.26 0.12 4.7 0.43 1.39 0.31 0.07 0.1
Other federal departments 0.7 0.13 0.17 8.92 2.36 3.05 0.51 0.05 0.14
Provincial departments 0.7 0.13 0.17 6.76 4.86 3.14 0.33 0.12 0.11
Universities 0.74 0.14 0.18 14 2.56 4.47 0.59 0.05 0.16
ENGOs 0.85 0.14 0.21 22 2.03 6.49 0.8 0.1 0.23

 

Table G-5: Québec
Marine activity GDP1 Employment2 Income1
Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced
Fishing 0.6 0.13 0.25 5.85 1.95 2.89 0.38 0.08 0.17
Aquaculture 0.6 0.18 0.27 5.92 2.53 3.13 0.17 0.08 0.09
Fish processing 0.2 0.23 0.15 3.5 1.77 1.95 0.14 0.06 0.07
Oil & gas exploration/extraction - - - - - - - - -
Support activities for oil & gas - - - - - - - - -
Water transportation 0.45 0.17 0.21 6 2.81 3.26 0.34 0.12 0.17
Support activities for transportation 0.52 0.35 0.3 7.6 4.03 4.3 0.32 0.13 0.17
Tourism & recreation 0.51 0.35 0.29 12 8 7.4 0.32 0.29 0.23
Oil & gas facilities construction - - - - - - - - -
Ports and harbours construction 0.4 0.2 0.2 6 4 3.7 0.26 0.14 0.15
Shipbuilding 0.4 0.14 0.18 15 6.74 8.04 0.7 0.23 0.34
Boat building 0.38 0.19 0.19 6.76 2.61 3.47 0.25 0.09 0.13
National Defence 0.88 0.12 0.34 14.2 1.5 5.81 0.88 0.08 0.36
Fisheries & Oceans 0.44 0.12 0.19 6.5 1.14 2.83 0.44 0.06 0.19
Other federal departments 0.41 0.12 0.18 6.88 4.95 4.38 0.41 0.12 0.2
Provincial departments 0.3 0.13 0.15 6.81 5 4.37 0.3 0.13 0.16
Universities 0.75 0.14 0.3 9.4 2.26 4.31 0.56 0.07 0.23
ENGOs 0.74 0.13 0.3 16.04 2 6.67 0.62 0.02 0.24

 

Table G-6: British Columbia
Marine activity GDP1 Employment2 Income1
Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced Direct Indirect Induced
Fishing 0.45 0.16 0.21 1.39 2.1 1.08 0.26 0.1 0.13
Aquaculture 0.27 0.3 0.19 3.97 4.16 2.52 0.12 0.15 0.09
Fish processing 0.3 0.2 0.17 6.12 2.24 2.59 0.17 0.09 0.09
Oil & gas exploration/extraction - - - - - - - - -
Support activities for oil & gas - - - - - - - - -
Water transportation 0.45 0.2 0.22 5 2.49 2.32 0.3 0.11 0.14
Support activities for transportation 0.52 0.16 0.23 6.96 3.62 3.28 0.32 0.12 0.15
Tourism & recreation 0.43 0.3 0.25 10 5 4.65 0.35 0.18 0.19
Oil & gas facilities construction - - - - - - - - -
Ports and harbours construction 0.4 0.3 0.24 6 5 3.41 0.26 0.18 0.15
Shipbuilding 0.47 0.16 0.21 6.21 2.18 2.6 0.33 0.09 0.15
Boat building 0.41 0.15 0.19 4.39 2.04 1.99 0.16 0.08 0.08
National Defence 0.82 0.1 0.31 13.95 1.8 4.88 0.82 0.06 0.31
Fisheries & Oceans 0.47 0.29 0.26 7.16 1.35 2.64 0.47 0.07 0.19
Other federal departments 0.65 0.18 0.28 7 3.08 3.12 0.65 0.1 0.26
Provincial departments 0.7 0.15 0.29 3.51 8.44 3.7 0.7 0.26 0.34
Universities 0.74 0.15 0.3 11.43 1.79 4.1 0.58 0.05 0.22
ENGOs 0.77 0.1 0.3 13.89 1.49 4.77 0.67 0.05 0.25

1Impact per $1 of industry output.
2Impact per $1 million of industry output.
Source: Statistics Canada.

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