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Economic Impact of Marine Related Activities in Canada

Appendix C: Tourism and Recreation Expenditure Estimates

1. Recreational fishing

Data and approach

Recreational fishing surveys conducted in 2000 and 2005 by Fisheries and Oceans were used to derive participation levels and expenditure estimates. The surveys include residents and visitors to Canada. Only direct expenditures or purchases and investments wholly attributable to fishing were included. Straight-line interpolation and extrapolation were used to derive estimates for years not covered by surveys (2001-2004, and 2006). The ratio of saltwater expenditures to freshwater expenditures per day in British Columbia was used to extract a saltwater expenditure per day estimate from combined fresh and saltwater spending data. The number of saltwater days (Table C-1) was multiplied by the estimated saltwater expenditures per day (Table C-2) for each jurisdiction to determine total spending (Table C-3).

Table C-1: Participation days by province for anglers of all origins (2000-2006)
(Days) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
BC 1,997,979 2,041,777 2,085,576 2,129,374 2,173,172 2,216,970 2,260,768
NL 327,317 352,279 377,240 402,201 427,163 452,124 477,085
NS 256,077 244,622 233,167 221,712 210,257 198,802 187,347
QC 253,680 242,433 231,186 219,938 208,691 197,444 186,197
PEI 71,343 69,377 67,412 65,446 63,481 61,515 59,549
NB 48,211 46,737 45,262 43,787 42,313 40,838 39,363
Nun 2,894 3,097 3,300 3,503 3,706 3,909 4,112
Canada 2,957,501 3,000,321 3,043,141 3,085,962 3,128,782 3,171,602 3,214,422

Source: Derived from DFO, 2000 and 2005. Survey of Recreational Fishing in Canada.

Table C-2: Angling expenditures per day by province for anglers of all origins (2000-2006)
($/day) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
BC $244 $253 $261 $270 $278 $285 $293
QC $251 $217 $188 $163 $140 $120 $102
NL $197 $199 $201 $203 $206 $209 $212
NS $85 $87 $90 $92 $95 $98 $101
NB $101 $103 $105 $108 $111 $114 $117
PEI $37 $40 $43 $46 $49 $52 $56
Nun $260 $250 $240 $232 $225 $218 $212
Canada $220 $224 $228 $232 $235 $239 $242

Source: Derived from DFO, 2000 and 2005. Survey of Recreational Fishing in Canada.

Table C-3: Angling expenditures by province for anglers of all origins (2000-2006)
($000) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
BC $486,788 $515,982 $545,177 $574,371 $603,566 $632,760 $661,954
QC $82,173 $76,593 $71,012 $65,432 $59,852 $54,271 $48,691
NL $50,419 $48,635 $46,851 $45,066 $43,282 $41,498 $39,714
NS $21,672 $21,192 $20,712 $20,232 $19,752 $19,273 $18,793
NB $7,174 $7,142 $7,109 $7,077 $7,045 $7,013 $6,981
PEI $1,795 $1,864 $1,932 $2,000 $2,069 $2,137 $2,206
Nun $754 $773 $793 $813 $832 $852 $872
Canada $650,774 $672,180 $693,586 $714,992 $736,398 $757,804 $779,210

Source: Derived from DFO, 2000 and 2005. Survey of Recreational Fishing in Canada.

Input-output concordance

The breakdown of Canada-wide direct expenditures (packages, food and lodging, transportation, services, supplies and other), and purchases or investments wholly attributable to fishing (equipment, vehicles, land and buildings) from the 2000 and 2005 surveys were used to allocate estimates into expenditure categories and I/O commodities (Table C-4). Straight-line interpolation and extrapolation was used to derive expenditure distributions for years not covered by surveys (2001-2004, and 2006). Food, lodging, and transport spending categories were further divided according to Canadian tourist spending patterns that provide a basis for linkages with the I/O model commodities. Boat equipment and vehicle expenditures were also further divided to reflect the distribution of item purchases, repairs, maintenance, and vehicle trailer expenses. The refined categories were aligned with the Statistics Canada 2005 I/O commodity numbers and codes. The estimated expenditure amounts for each category were entered into a StatCan I/O template to flow through to the assigned commodities in the model to generate impacts.

Table C-4: Recreational fishing expenditure weighting and concordance for StatCan 2005 IO model
Weight StatCan No. StatCan Code Description
Packages
0.097 567 5321 Travel agents, tour wholesaler and operator services
Food and Lodging
0.097 567 5321 Travel agents, tour wholesaler and operator services
0.023 647 56901 Hotel and motel accommodation services
0.003 648 56902 Other accommodation services
0.023 649 57001 Meals (outside home)
0.000 138 1162 Distilled alcohol beverages, consumed on license premises
0.000 140 1192 Beer including coolers, consumed on license premises
0.000 142 1202 Wine including coolers, consumed on license premises
0.098 600 5531 Retailing margins
0.001 137 1161 Distilled alcohol beverages, bought in stores
0.002 139 1191 Beer including coolers, bought in stores
0.002 141 1201 Wine including coolers, bought in stores
Transport
0.033 446 3950 Motor gasoline
0.084 560 5301 Air transportation, passenger
0.049 448 3962 Diesel oil
0.002 451 3970 Lubricating oils and greases
Fishing services
0.035 567 5321 Travel agents, tour wholesaler and operator services
Supplies
0.034 39 300 Hunting and trapping products
Other
0.019 600 5531 Retailing margins
Fishing equipment
0.040 600 5531 Retailing margins
Boat equipment
0.121 396 3520 Pleasure boats and sporting craft
0.035 394 3500 Ship repairs
0.017 379 3391 Non-commercial trailers
Camp equipment
0.064 600 5531 Retailing margins
Vehicles
0.108 373 3350 Trucks, road tractors and chassis
0.012 597 55101 Automotive repair and maintenance service
Land/Buildings
0.097 554 5240 Non-residential building construction

Source: Derived from DFO, 2000 and 2005. Survey of Recreational Fishing in Canada; Statistics Canada Travel Survey of Residents of Canada, 2006.

2. Cruise travel

Data and approach

Canadian cruise industry surveys conducted in 2003 and 2007 by Business Research and Economic Advisors (BREA) were used to estimate cruise-related activity levels and expenditures. The expenditures reported here only include those made by passengers and crew, since cruise line expenditures provided by BREA are already captured by Statistics Canada marine transport accounts. The BREA studies include annual passenger visit statistics for 2002-2007, but only report detailed expenditure data for the two study years. Reported passenger and crew expenditures for 2003 and 2007 were therefore adjusted using the annual passenger traffic data, to derive estimates for years not covered by surveys (2002, 2004-2006). Estimates of passenger traffic (Table C-5) combined with spending per passenger (Table C-6) provide total spending by passengers and crew (Table C-7) for input to the I/O model.

Table C-5: Cruise ship passenger traffic by province (2002-2007)
(Visitors) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
BC 1,237,608 1,129,498 1,235,401 1,269,754 1,263,335 1,091,955
QC 105,847 87,832 108,788 94,676 111,957 110,136
NS 199,580 215,693 272,985 249,589 221,164 219,595
NL 25,956 28,052 32,284 40,515 37,406 36,885
NB 71,168 83,300 138,703 90,203 87,759 133,676
PEI 13,697 14,803 21,948 23,025 28,144 19,358
Other Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Totals 1,653,857 1,559,178 1,810,109 1,767,762 1,749,765 1,611,605

Sources: Derived from Business Research and Economic Advisors (2004, 2008). The economic contribution of the international cruise industry in Canada.

Table C-6: Cruise ship passenger and crew expenditures per passenger by province (2002-2007)
($/passenger) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
BC $209 $237 $266 $294 $323 $351
QC $251 $248 $246 $243 $241 $239
NS $118 $110 $102 $95 $87 $79
NL $91 $86 $80 $74 $68 $62
NB $100 $94 $87 $80 $74 $67
PEI $101 $95 $88 $81 $74 $67
Other Canada NA NA NA NA NA NA
Totals $202 $216 $227 $250 $270 $276

Sources: Derived from Business Research and Economic Advisors (2004, 2008). The economic contribution of the international cruise industry in Canada.

Table C-7: Cruise passenger and crew expenditures by province (2002-2007)
($000) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
BC $258,321 $267,900 $328,177 $373,439 $407,505 $383,300
QC $26,520 $21,800 $26,746 $23,053 $26,998 $26,300
NS $23,458 $23,700 $27,904 $23,601 $19,219 $17,400
NL $2,371 $2,400 $2,575 $2,996 $2,549 $2,300
NB $7,132 $7,800 $12,075 $7,260 $6,486 $9,000
PEI $1,389 $1,400 $1,925 $1,862 $2,083 $1,300
Other Canada $14,628 $12,000 $11,852 $9,545 $7,438 $5,000
Totals $333,820 $337,000 $411,255 $441,756 $472,278 $444,600

Sources: Derived from Business Research and Economic Advisors (2004, 2008). The economic contribution of the international cruise industry in Canada.

Input-output concordance

The breakdown of aggregate expenditures (excluding cruise lines) provided in the 2007 study was used to allocate estimates to a set of expenditure categories (Table C-8). The BREA categories were already set according to NAICS codes and assignment of estimates to the I/O model was straight-forward. Only the expenditures for business and computer services were split 50/50 into business services and computer services I/O commodities. The estimated expenditure amounts for each category were then entered into a StatCan I/O template to flow through to the assigned commodities in the model to generate impacts.

Table C-8: Cruise travel expenditure weighting and concordance for StatCan 2005 IO model
Category Weight StatCan No. StatCan Code Description
Business and computer 0.048 644 5662 Accounting and legal services
services 0.048 667 57614 Other administrative and support services
Travel agents 0.078 567 5321 Travel agents,
tour wholesaler and operator services
Fuel 0.054 448 57001 Diesel
Food and Beverages 0.144 649 57001 Meals (outside home)
Airfares 0.042 560 5301 Air transport, passenger
Hotel Supplies 0.042 647 56901 Hotel and motel accommodation services
Advertising and promotion 0.030 645 5670 Advertising and promotion
Wages and Salaries 0.030 710 5990 Wages and salaries
Machinery and equipment 0.024 352 3213 Other general machinery
Port charges and fees 0.018 573 5340 Services incidential to water transport
Maintenance and repairs 0.012 394 3500 Ship repairs and maintenance
Other expenses 0.252 600 5531 Retailing margins
Lodging 0.101 647 56901 Hotel and motel accommodation services
Tours and transportation 0.031 567 5321 Travel agents,
tour wholesaler and operator services
Tours and transportation 0.016 564 53111 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, bus
Tours and transportation 0.031 680 5850 Travelling and entertainment

Sources: Derived from Business Research and Economic Advisors (2004, 2008). The economic contribution of the international cruise industry in Canada.

3. Coastal tourism and recreation

This segment is divided into three distinct components according to type if activity and source of data: a) coastal tourism, b) marine recreational boating and c) beach activities.

a) Coastal tourism

Data and approach

Statistics Canada is now making microdata files available from its annual travel surveys, starting with 2006 data releases for the Travel Survey of Residents of Canada (TSRC) and the International Travel Survey (ITS). The sample sizes from the ITS become small when isolating the marine travel components; only the TSRC was used here to assess marine-related tourism patterns in Canada. These patterns were then applied to annual aggregate spending figures for both Canadian and international travel activity levels and spending from 2000-2006.

First, the 2006 TSRC data were used to identify domestic tourism trips with visits or main destinations to Canadian coastal census districts. The following seven trip activities were then identified as potentially marine-related in coastal areas: walking, sightseeing, camping, hiking, birdwatching, beach activities, and paddling. Fishing was not included since this was already captured through the recreational fishing data. Similarly, all activities and spending by cruise travelers were excluded to avoid double counting. Coastal trips with marine activities were tallied to provide total counts. For each trip, the number of marine-related activities was divided by the total number of activities (marine and non-marine), then multiplied by the corresponding number of trip days to derive the trip time (days) spent on marine-related activities. Finally, on the basis of time spent, a marine component was extracted from total spending per trip, and this was combined for all trips to yield aggregate marine-related spending by jurisdiction for 2006 domestic travelers defined as tourists.

The buildup of Canadian and international spending figures then began with combined Canadian and International trip counts (Table C-9). The 2006 TSRC patterns for marine related activities (Table C-10) were applied to aggregate spending (StatCan re-allocated expenditures for tourism) from 2000-2006 to get estimates of marine-related spending per trip (Table C-11) and total spending estimates (Table C-12).

Table C-9: Trips with marine-related activities by province, excluding cruise & recreational fishing (Canadian & international origins, 2000-2006)
(Trips) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
BC 4,076,781 4,076,714 3,649,537 3,229,660 3,063,767 3,253,548 3,443,640
NS 2,277,920 2,261,085 2,677,639 2,312,278 2,273,004 2,288,265 2,305,983
QC 916,947 910,066 1,027,972 1,053,368 1,084,612 1,170,208 1,255,588
NB 970,299 1,055,124 1,221,011 1,126,351 1,012,422 1,012,219 1,013,234
NL 985,724 974,055 942,793 800,190 776,098 764,295 753,631
PEI 264,937 256,169 297,487 246,909 246,253 257,825 269,487
MN 2,997 3,024 2,870 2,712 2,758 3,008 3,257
NWT U 1,533 1,923 1,412 1,714 840 1,506
Total 7,949,768 8,085,414 8,356,746 7,624,090 7,791,468 8,419,792 9,046,324

Sources: Derived from Statistics Canada Travel Surveys or Residents of Canada and International Travel Surveys, 2000-2006. Note: U refers to unreliable or unavailable data.

Table C-10: Days of participation in marine-related activities by province, excluding cruise & recreational fishing (Canadian & international origins, 2006)
(Days) Walking Sightseeing Camping Hiking Birdwatching Beach Canoe/Kayak Total
BC 1,974,592 1,714,535 287,050 1,257,616 83,682 613,650 100,091 6,031,216
NS 1,647,797 871,213 137,655 295,144 26,376 407,489 89,603 3,475,277
QC 1,203,429 416,240 153,649 206,405 97,253 204,096 110,558 2,391,631
NB 728,573 392,459 96,378 159,014 28,827 180,236 69,152 1,654,639
NL 570,259 341,499 45,479 247,934 21,266 94,275 41,817 1,362,529
PEI 147,957 154,131 36,636 53,246 15,103 96,890 13,172 517,136
MN 121 3,415 0 0 0 0 0 3,536
NWT 696 0 0 0 0 0 0 696
Total 6,273,424 3,893,492 756,848 2,219,359 272,508 1,596,637 424,394 15,436,662

Sources: Derived from Statistics Canada Travel Surveys or Residents of Canada and International Travel Surveys, 2000-2006.

Table C-11: Tourist spending per trip attributed to marine-related activities by province, excluding cruise & recreational fishing (Canadian & international origins, 2000-2006)
($/trip) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
BC $162 $164 $187 $190 $206 $203 $201
NS $108 $127 $119 $130 $130 $124 $118
QC $160 $171 $180 $168 $175 $162 $152
NB $171 $166 $162 $149 $164 $162 $160
NL $167 $177 $186 $209 $202 $186 $170
PEI $237 $245 $214 $239 $245 $244 $243
MN $372 $432 $396 $418 $444 $404 $372
NWT U U $239 U U U $314
Total $167 $178 $179 $177 $186 $175 $167

Sources: Derived from Statistics Canada Travel Surveys or Residents of Canada and International Travel Surveys, 2000-2006. Note: U refers to unreliable or unavailable data.

Table C-12: Tourist spending attributed to marine-related activities by province, excluding cruise & recreational fishing (Canadian & international origins, 2000-2006)
($000) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
BC $660,637 $667,408 $682,053 $614,909 $632,103 $661,014 $690,869
NS $245,160 $287,957 $318,785 $300,651 $295,852 $283,231 $271,982
QC $146,700 $156,039 $185,086 $176,616 $190,152 $189,925 $190,300
NB $166,381 $174,832 $197,341 $167,866 $166,443 $164,083 $162,327
NL $164,428 $172,181 $175,055 $167,109 $156,941 $142,044 $128,167
PEI $62,871 $62,705 $63,672 $58,980 $60,433 $62,938 $65,542
MN $1,115 $1,305 $1,138 $1,133 $1,225 $1,216 $1,211
NWT U U $460 U U U $473
Total $1,329,728 $1,442,461 $1,495,136 $1,348,381 $1,447,380 $1,477,402 $1,510,872

Sources: Derived from Statistics Canada Travel Surveys or Residents of Canada and International Travel Surveys, 2000-2006. Note: U refers to unreliable or unavailable data.

Input-output concordance

The TSRC reports data according to eleven (11) spending categories including: accommodation, vehicle rental, vehicle operation, local transport, commercial transport, restaurant, food store, sport and recreation, cultural and entertainment, clothing and footwear, and other. The Canada-wide proportion of marine-related spending in each of these categories was determined from the TSRC dataset. These categories were further subdivided in most cases to better distribute spending according to the 2005 StatCan I/O model. Where possible, further subdivisions were based on StatCan studies of tourism spending patterns, otherwise expenditures were divided equally across I/O commodities that matched the spending category description. The resulting weighting and concordance for the StatCan model was used for spending in all jurisdictions (Table C-13). The estimated expenditure amounts for each category by jurisdiction were then entered into a StatCan I/O template to flow through to the assigned commodities in the model to generate impacts.

Table C-13: Tourism expenditure weighting and concordance for StatCan 2005 IO model commodity codes
Weight StatCan No. StatCan Code Description
Accommodation
0.18 647 56901 Hotel and motel accommodation services
0.02 648 56902 Other accommodation services
Vehicle rental
0.030 669 5770 Rental of automobiles and trucks
Vehicle operation
0.068 597 55101 Automotive repair and maintenance service
0.068 446 3950 Motor gasoline
0.003 448 3962 Diesel oil
0.021 451 3970 Lubricating oils and greases
Local transport
0.004 564 53111 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, bus
0.001 581 5390 Taxi and limousine transportation services
Commercial transport
0.165 560 5301 Air transportation, passenger
0.005 574 5351 Rail transportation, passenger
Restaurant
0.185 649 57001 Meals (outside home)
0.001 138 1162 Distilled alcohol beverages, consumed on license premises
0.004 140 1192 Beer including coolers, consumed on license premises
0.004 142 1202 Wine including coolers, consumed on license premises
Food store
0.078 600 5531 Retailing margins
0 137 1161 Distilled alcohol beverages, bought in stores
0.002 139 1191 Beer including coolers, bought in stores
0.002 141 1201 Wine including coolers, bought in stores
Sport & recreation
0.014 642 5653 Other amusement and recreation services
0.014 680 5850 Travelling and entertainment
Cultural & entertainment
0.017 642 5653 Other amusement and recreation services
0.017 680 5850 Travelling and entertainment
Clothing & footwear
0.073 600 5531 Retailing margins
Other
0.012 600 5531 Retailing margins
0.012 567 5321 Travel agents, tour wholesaler and operator services

Sources: Derived from Statistics Canada Travel Surveys or Residents of Canada and International Travel Surveys, 2000-2006.

b) Marine recreational boating

Data and approach

Economic impact studies for 2001 and 2006 have been conducted for the recreational boating industry in Canada (Genesis Public Opinion Research and Smith Gunther Associates, 2006; Goss Gilroy, 2001). However, only the 2006 study was used here since methodology appeared to differ between studies. It was not clear that the two studies included the same expenditures or generated economic impacts in the same way, thereby making trend estimates unreliable. The more recent study was the basis for recreational boating estimates derived here (including yachting, motor cruising and kayaking), while taking care to avoid double counting and freshwater components of overall boating activities. Specifically this meant omitting study findings for: recreational fishing, coastal tourism/recreation, boat building, government and research expenditures. Conversely, the study provided spending for: equipment and accessories, general retail, financing and insurance, food and beverage, repair and storage, travel and vehicle operation, fuel, facilities rental, and services provided by marinas and yacht clubs.

Detailed spending estimates broken down by province were available from the 2006 study. The saltwater component for each province was simply based on the proportion of coastal marinas and yacht clubs relative to the total including those inland. This resulted in nearly all spending for Atlantic and Pacific provinces being included (88-100%), but only 18% of Quebec spending due to the dominance of freshwater boating in that province.

Estimates of activity levels, such as days of recreational boating per year, did not emerge from these studies or other sources, therefore only spending estimates are presented in Table C-14. BC represents the largest share of saltwater recreational boating, followed by Québec, then the Atlantic provinces. In total, just over $1.3 billion in 2006 spending is associated with this sector.

Table C-14: Spending for marine-related Recreational boating by province, 2000-2006
($000s) 2006
BC $925,830
QC $238,765
NS $75,945
NB $62,203
NL $51,325
PE $15,314
Canada $1,369,382

Source: Genesis Public Opinion Research Inc. & Smith Gunther Associates. Economic Impact of the Canadian Recreational Boating Industry: 2006.

Input-output concordance

Nine broad spending categories were created based on the expenditure data that was used from the studies (Table C-15). Some of these were further subdivided and aligned with the most suitable StatCan 2005 IO model commodity codes and numbers. The weights according to the broad categories were based on the expenditure data from the studies, and the weights for further subdivision were based on national spending patterns available from StatCan. One national average weighting was used for all provinces. The estimated expenditure amounts for each category by jurisdiction were then entered into a StatCan I/O template to flow through to the assigned commodities in the model to generate impacts.

Table C-15: Recreational boating expenditure concordance and weighting for StatCan 2005 IO model
Weight StatCan No. StatCan Code Description
Equipment & accessories
0.039 396 3520 Pleasure boats and sporting craft
0.01 379 3391 Non-commercial trailers
Retail
0.354 600 5531 Retailing margins
Finance
0.035 617 5562 Non-life insurance
Food & beverage
0.014 649 57001 Meals (outside home)
0 138 1162 Distilled alcohol beverages, license premises
0 140 1192 Beer including coolers, license premises
0 142 1202 Wine including coolers, license premises
0 137 1161 Distilled alcohol beverages, bought in stores
0.001 139 1191 Beer including coolers, bought in stores
0.001 141 1201 Wine including coolers, bought in stores
Repair, store
0.107 394 3500 Ship repairs
Construction
0.025 554 5240 Non-residential building construction
Travel & vehicles
0.06 446 3950 Motor gasoline
0.15 560 5301 Air transportation, passenger
0.087 448 3962 Diesel oil
0.003 451 3970 Lubricating oils and greases
Fuel
0.021 446 3950 Motor gasoline
Facilities rental:
0.092 625 5594 Non-residential rent

c) Beach activities

Data and approach

There is a great deal of other local recreation activity that is difficult to measure either in terms of participation levels or spending. An attempt has been made here to address the challenge by capturing participation estimates for two activities: recreational swimming and paddling (canoeing and kayaking). The Travel Activities and Motivation Surveys (StatCan 2001 and 2006) contain questions regarding traveler's participation in outdoor water-based activities in their home province of residence. The surveys also contain questions that distinguish saltwater and freshwater location for these activities, thereby providing a basis for ocean-sector estimates. Respondents indicated whether they "participate" or "frequently participate", and only the latter component is used here. The surveys provide population weighted estimates for the number of "frequent" participants across Canada. Atlantic region figures were distributed across provinces according to population. Interpolation was used to derive estimates for years between surveys.

The report on "The Importance of Nature to Canadians" (Environment Canada, 1996) provides some indication of what "frequent" participation means for these activities across Canada. For paddling and swimming (ranging from 5-30 days per year), national average estimates of 10 and 20 days per year were used for these activities respectively. A nominal spending estimate of $10 and $15 was applied to each participation day for swimming and paddling respectively. These estimates were considered reasonable lower bound estimates equivalent to the local transport and food spending associated with recreational tourism, with some additional expense for paddling equipment and transport. Combining the number of participants, number of participation days, and spending per day, estimates of recreational swimming and paddling spending were derived (Table C-17). The much larger number of participation days for swimming over-shadows the slightly lower per day expense, and swimming accounts for 94% of the totals shown.

Table C-16: Days of participation for beach activities by province, 2000-2006
Days 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Quebec 11,809,760 11,643,388 11,465,578 11,276,330 11,075,644 10,863,520 10,639,958
British Columbia 5,557,157 5,567,168 5,576,866 5,586,252 5,595,325 5,604,085 5,612,532
Nova Scotia 1,765,301 1,777,604 1,790,031 1,802,584 1,815,262 1,829,439 1,847,710
New Brunswick 1,408,257 1,418,071 1,427,985 1,437,999 1,448,113 1,459,026 1,468,910
Newfounfland and Labrador 972,287 979,063 985,908 992,822 999,805 1,003,373 1,005,209
Prince Edward Island 258,763 260,566 262,388 264,228 266,086 269,374 271,641
Canada 44,245,497 44,742,335 45,230,277 45,709,323 46,179,473 46,640,727 47,093,084

Sources: StatCan. Travel Activities and Motivations Survey, 2006; Environment Canada. 2006. The Importance of Nature to Canadians.

Table C-17: Expenditures for beach activities by province, 2000-2006
($000s) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Quebec $121,338 $119,444 $117,436 $115,314 $113,077 $110,726 $108,261
British Columbia $57,264 $57,274 $57,280 $57,284 $57,285 $57,282 $57,276
Nova Scotia $18,639 $18,700 $18,763 $18,826 $18,891 $18,971 $19,094
New Brunswick $14,869 $14,918 $14,968 $15,018 $15,070 $15,130 $15,179
Newfounfland and Labrador $10,266 $10,300 $10,334 $10,369 $10,405 $10,405 $10,387
Prince Edward Island $2,732 $2,741 $2,750 $2,760 $2,769 $2,793 $2,807
Canada $457,973 $461,747 $465,431 $469,027 $472,533 $475,951 $479,279

Sources: StatCan. Travel Activities and Motivations Survey, 2006; Environment Canada. 2006. The Importance of Nature to Canadians; StatCan, 2006. Travel Survey of Residents of Canada.

Input-output concordance

As described, the basic spending categories included vehicle operation, food, and equipment. One set of national expenditure categories and weights was assigned to the StatCan 2005 IO model on the basis of equivalent recreational tourism spending patterns. The estimated expenditure amounts for each category by jurisdiction were then entered into a StatCan I/O template to flow through to the assigned commodities in the model to generate impacts.

Table C-18: Recreation expenditure weighting and concordance for StatCan 2005 IO model commodity code
Weight StatCan No. StatCan Code Description
Vehicle operation
0.222 597 55101 Automotive repair and maintenance service
0.222 446 3950 Motor gasoline
0.011 448 3962 Diesel oil
0.069 451 3970 Lubricating oils and greases
Food
0.256 600 5531 Retailing margins
0.001 137 1161 Distilled alcohol beverages, bought in stores
0.005 139 1191 Beer including coolers, bought in stores
0.005 141 1201 Wine including coolers, bought in stores
Equipment
0.210 600 5531 Retailing margins

Table C-19: Summary – total tourism/recreation expenditures, 2006 (all activities)
Province Coastal tourism Boating Local beach activities Total coastal Recreational fishing Cruise travel Total
British Columbia 690,869 925,830 57,276 1,673,975 661,954 408,000 2,743,930
Québec 190,300 238,765 108,261 537,326 48,691 27,000 613,017
Nova Scotia 271,982 75,945 19,094 367,021 18,793 19,000 404,814
New Brunswick 162,327 62,203 15,179 239,709 6,981 6,000 252,690
Newfoundland 128,167 51,325 10,387 189,879 39,714 3,000 232,592
Prince Edward Is. 65,542 15,314 2,807 83,663 2,206 2,000 87,868
Nunavut 1,211 - - 1,211 872 7,000 9,083
NWT 473 - - 473 - - 473
Canada 1,510,872 1,369,382 213,004 3,093,258 779,210 472,000 4,344,468

Source: Tables C-12, C-14 and C-17.

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