Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

The National Code on Introductions and Transfers of Aquatic Organisms guides the Introductions and Transfers Committees with the assessments of proposals to move aquatic organisms from one body of water or rearing facility to another. It also provides all jurisdictions with a consistent process for assessing the potential environmental impacts of intentional introductions and transfers of aquatic organisms.

Reporting of Introductions and Transfers

Canada

Canada - 2016

In 2016, Introductions and Transfers Committees received 924 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms across Canada. Of these, 889 applications were approved, representing almost one billion live aquatic organisms of more than 100 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications, approximately:

  • 58% were for movements within a province;
  • 26% were for movements between provinces; and
  • 16% were for movements into Canada from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications:

  • 48% were aimed at aquaculture operations;
  • 27% were aimed at research;
  • 13% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 3% were aimed at public display;
  • 2% were aimed at processing;
  • 2% were aimed at education; and
  • 5% were for other purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications, approximately:

  • 50% were for freshwater finfish;
  • 28% were for marine finfish;
  • 22% were for marine shellfish; and
  • <1% were for various species.

Reporting of Introductions and Transfers by Province or Territory:

Alberta

Alberta Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, Alberta’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 125 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. All 125 applications were approved, representing more than three million live aquatic organisms of nine different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. The Alberta Introductions and Transfers Committee does not review applications for movements of organisms within that province as risks for these movements are addressed by conditions of licence under diverse provincial authorizations. Of the total number of approved applications in Alberta, approximately:

  • 73% were for movements from another province; and
  • 27% were for movements into Alberta from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Alberta, approximately:

  • 68% were aimed at research;
  • 23% were aimed at aquaculture operations; and
  • 9% were aimed at enhancement

Types of aquatic organisms

Almost all applications to move aquatic organisms approved for Alberta were for freshwater finfish, except for eight applications; seven involving marine finfish and one involving marine shellfish.

Most proposed movements were for Rainbow Trout.

British Columbia

British Columbia - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, British Columbia’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 297 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 294 were approved, representing nearly 350 million live aquatic organisms of 55 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in British Columbia, approximately:

  • 75% were for movements within the province;
  • 5% were for movements from another province; and
  • 20% were for movements into British Columbia from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved application in British Columbia:

  • 46% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 18% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 17% were aimed at research;
  • 5% were aimed at public display;
  • 1% were aimed at education;
  • 1% were aimed at processing; and
  • 12% were aimed for other purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in British Columbia, approximately:

  • 38% were for freshwater finfish;
  • 38% were for marine finfish;
  • 22% were for marine shellfish; and
  • 2% were for various species.

Most proposed movements were for Pacific oysters, and rainbow trout.

More information:

Manitoba

Manitoba - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, Manitoba’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 40 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. All applications were approved, representing almost two million live aquatic organisms of 29 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Manitoba, approximately:

  • 73% were for movements within the province;
  • 12% were for movements from another province; and
  • 15% were for movements into Manitoba from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Manitoba, approximately:

  • 28% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 28% were aimed at research;
  • 18% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 13% were aimed at education;
  • 13% were aimed at public display; and
  • <1% were for other purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

All applications approved by the Manitoba Introductions and Transfers Committee were for freshwater finfish, except for one marine finfish and one marine shellfish application.

Most proposed movements were for lake sturgeon, walleye, and rainbow trout.

New Brunswick

New Brunswick - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, the New Brunswick Introductions and Transfers Committee received 128 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 118 applications were approved, representing more than 76 million live aquatic organisms of 26 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in New Brunswick, approximately:

  • 83% were for movements within the province;
  • 16% were for movements from another province; and
  • 1% were for movements into New Brunswick from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in New Brunswick, approximately:

  • 48% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 27% were aimed at research;
  • 17% were aimed at enhancement;
  • 4% were aimed at public display; and
  • 4% were for other purposes.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in New Brunswick, approximately:

  • 60% were for freshwater finfish;
  • 24% were for marine finfish; and
  • 16% were for marine shellfish.

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic salmon.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, Newfoundland and Labrador’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 91 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 90 applications were approved, representing more than 40 million live aquatic organisms of eight different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately:

  • 76% were for movements within the province;
  • 17% were for movements from another province; and
  • 7% were for movements from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately:

  • 74% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 18% were aimed at research;
  • 6% were aimed at education; and
  • 1% were aimed at enhancement.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately:

  • 42% were for marine finfish;
  • 37% were for marine shellfish; and
  • 21% were for freshwater fish.

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic salmon and blue mussels.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, Nova Scotia Introductions and Transfers Committee received 90 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 84 applications were approved, representing nearly 72 million live aquatic organisms of 14 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Nova Scotia, approximately:

  • 43% were for movements within the province;
  • 43% were for movements from another province; and
  • 14% were for movements into Nova Scotia from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Nova Scotia, approximately:

  • 79% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 12% were aimed at research;
  • 6% were aimed at enhancement
  • 2% were aimed at processing; and
  • 1% were aimed at education.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Nova Scotia, approximately:

  • 45% were for marine shellfish;
  • 41% were for freshwater finfish; and
  • 14% were for marine finfish.

Most proposed movements were for Atlantic salmon, rainbow trout, and American oysters.

Ontario

Ontario - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, Ontario’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received nine applications to intentionally import live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, eight applications were approved, representing approximately 2,500 live aquatic organisms of seven different species.

This total does not include nearly ten million fish moved under the provincial stocking program which is conducted either by staff of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry or is permitted by the Ministry.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Ontario, approximately:

  • 62% were for movements within the province;
  • 25% were for movements from another province; and
  • 13% were for movements into Ontario from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Ontario, approximately:

  • 62% were aimed at research; and
  • 38% were aimed at aquaculture.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Ontario, approximately:

  • 50% were for marine finfish;
  • 25% were for marine plants;
  • 13% were for freshwater finfish; and
  • 12% were for a freshwater crustacean.

Most proposed movements were for sea lamprey.

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, Prince Edward Island’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 114 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. Of these, 112 applications were approved, representing nearly 250 million live aquatic organisms of 13 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Prince Edward Island, approximately:

  • 64% were for movements within the province;
  • 31% were for movements from another province; and
  • 5% were for movements into Prince Edward Island from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Prince Edward Island, approximately:

  • 63% were aimed at aquaculture;
  • 19% were aimed at research;
  • 13% were aimed at processing; and
  • 5% were aimed at enhancement.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved applications in Prince Edward Island, approximately:

  • 78% were for marine shellfish;
  • 18% were for freshwater finfish; and
  • 4% were for marine finfish.

Most proposed movements were for blue mussels and American oysters.

Quebec

Quebec - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

Quebec has two Introductions and Transfers Committees: one for marine applications and the other for freshwater. The marine committee is chaired by Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the freshwater committee is chaired by the Department of Forests, Wildlife, and Parks of the Province of Quebec.

Marine Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, Quebec’s Marine Introductions and Transfers Committee received 13 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities and fish bearing waters. All 13 applications were approved, representing over 1.5 million live aquatic organisms of 11 different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved marine applications in Quebec, approximately:

  • 38% were for movements within the province;
  • 38% were for movements from another province; and
  • 24% were for movements into Quebec marine waters from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved marine applications in Quebec, approximately:

  • 69% were aimed at research; and
  • 31% were aimed at aquaculture.

Types of aquatic organisms

Of the total number of approved marine applications in Quebec, approximately:

  • 92% were for marine shellfish; and
  • 8% were for marine finfish.

Most proposed movements were for American oysters.

Freshwater Introductions and Transfers Committee

In 2016, Quebec’s freshwater Introductions and Transfers Committee received two applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities and fish bearing waters. Of these applications, one was approved, representing approximately 60,000 live Arctic char.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. The one freshwater application that was approved was for a movement from another province.

Purpose

The one Quebec freshwater application that was approved was for Arctic char.

Types of aquatic organisms

The one Quebec freshwater application that was approved was for Arctic char.

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, Saskatchewan’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 23 applications to intentionally import live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. All applications were approved, representing more than 2.2 million live aquatic organisms of seven different species. These totals do not include fish that were moved as part of the provincial stocking program, which are considered routine, low risk movements that are not reviewed by the Committee.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. Of the total number of approved applications in Saskatchewan, approximately:

  • 43% were for movements from another province; and
  • 57% were for movements into Saskatchewan from another country.

Purpose

Of the total number of approved applications in Saskatchewan, approximately:

  • 57% were aimed at aquaculture; and
  • 43% were aimed at research.

Types of aquatic organisms

Most proposed movements were for rainbow trout.

Yukon

Yukon - Reporting on Introductions and Transfers

In 2016, Yukon’s Introductions and Transfers Committee received 15 applications to intentionally move live aquatic organisms to fish rearing facilities or fish bearing waters. All applications were approved, representing slightly more than 280,000 live aquatic organisms of four different species.

Origin

Introductions and transfers may occur within a province, between provinces, and into Canada from another country. All approved applications were for movements within Yukon.

Purpose

Of the 11 approved applications in the Yukon:

  • six are aimed at education;
  • four were aimed at enhancement;
  • two were aimed at aquaculture;
  • two were aimed at public display; and
  • one was aimed at research.

Types of aquatic organisms

All approved applications were for finfish, most being for Chinook salmon.