Sustainable Fisheries Framework Work Plan for Fiscal 2020-2021

Introduction

The following tables describe work activities related to the implementation of the Sustainable Fisheries Framework to be undertaken in 2020-21.

Section 1: Precautionary Approach Reference Points and Harvest Control Rules

A. Precautionary Approach Limit Reference Points (LRP)
# Region Fish stock Description of Activity in 2020-21
1 Newfoundland and Labrador Capelin - 4RST To be initiated: Will begin development of LRP in 2020-21.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador Capelin - 2J3KLPs In progress: Will continue development of LRP in 2020-21.
3 Newfoundland and Labrador Herring - 2J3KLPs To be initiated: Will begin development of LRP in 2020-21.
4 Maritimes

Sea cucumber (SWNB, midshore, and offshore)

To be initiated: Will begin development of LRP for various areas in 2020-21.
5 Maritimes

Snow crab - CFAs 20-22, 23, 24, 4X

To be completed: Will complete update of LRP in 2020-21.
6 Gulf

Rock crab - LFA 23, 24, 25, 26A

In progress: Will continue development of LRP in 2020-21.
7 Gulf

Striped Bass

To be initiated: Will begin development of LRP in 2020-21.
8 Quebec

Snow Crab Coastal - 12A, 12B, 12C, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16A, 17

In progress: Will continue development of LRP in 2020-21.
9 Quebec

Atlantic Halibut - 4RST

In progress: Will continue development of LRP in 2020-21.
10 Quebec

Gulf of St. Lawrence Shrimp - SFA 8, 9, 10, 12

To be initiated: Will begin revision of LRP in 2020-21.

11 Quebec

Cod  - 4RS-3Pn

To be initiated: Will begin revision of LRP in 2020-21.
12 National Capital Region

Northern Shrimp – Western Assessment Zone

To be completed: Will complete development of LRP in 2020-21.
13 National Capital Region

Striped Shrimp – Western Assessment Zone

To be completed: Will complete development of LRP in 2020-21
14 National Capital Region

Northern Shrimp – SFA 4,5,6

In progress: Will continue development of LRP in 2020-21.
15 Central and Arctic

Narwhal - North Hudson Bay

To be initiated: Will begin development of LRP in 2020-21.
16 Central and Arctic

Arctic Char - Cumberland Sound

To be initiated: Will continue development of LRP in 2020-21.
17 Pacific

Giant Red Sea Cucumber

In progress: Will continue to update LRP in 2020-21.
18 Pacific

Albacore Tuna – North Pacific

In progress: Canada will continue update of LRP with Regional fisheries management organisations (RFMOs).
B. Precautionary Approach Upper Stock Reference Points (USR)
# Region Fish stock Description of Activity in 2020-21
1 Newfoundland and Labrador Snow crab - 2J3KLNO 3Ps Will continue development of USR in 2020-21.
2 Maritimes

Snow crab - CFAs 20-22, 23, 24, 4X

Will complete update of USR in 2020-21.
3 Gulf Atlantic Salmon

Will continue development of USR in 2020-21.

Consultations on options for the Miramichi River recreational fishery USR and HCR are planned for fall 2020.

4 Quebec

Snow crab - Coastal 12A, 12B, 12C, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16A, 17

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will begin development of USR in 2020-21.
5 Quebec Atlantic Halibut - 4RST

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will begin development of USR in 2020-21.
6 Quebec Cod 4RS-3Pn Will begin to revise USR in 2020-21.
7 National Capital Region Northern Shrimp SFA 4, 5, 6 Will continue development of USR in 2020-21.
8 Pacific

Giant Red Sea Cucumber

Will begin development of USR in 2020-21.
9 Pacific Albacore Tuna – North Pacific Canada will continue to update USR through the MSE process with RFMOs.
10 Pacific Pacific Herring - Haida Gwaii, Prince Rupert District, Central Coast Will continue development of USR in 2020-21.
11 Pacific Red Sea Urchin Will continue development of USR in 2020-21.
C. Precautionary Approach Harvest Control Rules (HCR)
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverables (2019-20)
1 Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab -2J3KLNO 3Ps Will continue development of HCR in 2020-21.
2 Maritimes Lobster (LFAs 34-38) Will complete development of HCR in 2020-21.
3 Gulf Herring (spring spawner) – 4T

Will continue development of HCR in 2020-21.

HCR will be developed during consultations on rebuilding plan.
4 Gulf

Herring (fall spawner) fixed and mobile gear

Will continue development of HCR in 2020-21.
5 Gulf Atlantic Salmon

Will continue development of HCR in 2020-21.
Consultations on options for the Miramichi River recreational fishery USR and HCR are planned for Fall 2020.

6 Quebec Greenland Halibut 4RST

Carry-forward from 2019-20.

Will complete development of HCR in 2020-21.
7 Quebec

Snow Crab Coastal (12A, 12B, 12C, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16A, 17)

Carry-forward from 2019-20.

Will begin development of HCR in 2020-21.

8 Quebec Atlantic Halibut - 4RST

Carry-forward from 2019-20.

Will begin development of HCR in 2020-21.

9 Quebec Cod 4RS-3Pn Will begin to revise HCR in 2020-21.
10 Pacific Pacific Hake

Canada will continue development of management procedure through international MSE meeting of Joint Management Committee.

11 Pacific

Albacore Tuna – North Pacific

Will continue to update HCR in 2020-21.
12 Pacific

Pacific Herring (Haida Gwaii, Prince Rupert District, Central Coast)

Will continue to update HCR in 2020-21.
13 Pacific

Yelloweye Rockfish – Outside

Will continue to update HCR in 2020-21.
14 Pacific

Giant Red Sea Cucumber

Will continue to update HCR in 2020-21.
15 Pacific Red Sea Urchin Will continue to update HCR in 2020-21.

Section 2: Fish stock rebuilding plans

A. 19 Priority fish stocks  

DFO prioritized the completion of rebuilding plans for 19 fish stocks in response to the 2016 CESD Audit.

# Region Fish Stock Date of completion Description of Activity in 2020-21
1 Pacific Yelloweye Rockfish, inside/outside By end of 2017-18 Completed.
2 Maritimes Atlantic Cod – 4X5Y By end of 2017-18 Completed.
3 National Capital Region Redfish Unit I By end of 2018-19 No longer required.
4 National Capital Region Redfish Unit II By end of 2018-19 No longer required.
5 Newfoundland and Labrador Atlantic Cod – 2J3KL By end of 2020-21

Expected date of completion revised from 2018-19 to 2020-21.

To date, divergent stakeholder views have limited progress in defining a Harvest Control Rule. The draft Rebuilding Plan presented to stakeholders in 2018 was not adopted. The LRP was reviewed and deemed to be valid in 2019.  Objective is to complete a Rebuilding plan by 2020-21. 
6 Maritimes Atlantic Cod – 5ZjM By end of 2018-19 Completed.
7 Maritimes Yellowtail Flounder – 5Z By end of 2018-19 Completed.
8 Gulf Cod, Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence – 4TVn By end of 2020-21 Draft rebuilding plan to be presented at the Gulf Groundfish Advisory Committee meeting in March 2021.
9 Gulf Herring 4T (Spring Spawner) By end of 2020-21 Draft rebuilding plan will be presented to an industry working group in March 2020. Rebuilding plan to be completed in 20-21.
10 Gulf Plaice (American), Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence – 4T By end of 2020-21 Draft rebuilding plan to be presented at the Gulf Groundfish Advisory Committee meeting in March 2021.
11 Gulf White Hake 4T By end of 2020-21 Draft rebuilding plan to be presented at the Gulf Groundfish Advisory Committee meeting in March 2021.
12 Gulf Winter Flounder 4T By end of 2020-21 Draft rebuilding plan to be presented at the Gulf Groundfish Advisory Committee meeting in March 2021.
13 National Capital Region Northern Shrimp – SFA 6 By end of 2017-18 Completed in 2018-19.
14 National Capital Region Mackerel (Atlantic) NAFO 3-4 By end of 2019-20 Completed in 2019-20.
15 Quebec Iceland Scallop - SFA 16ef, 18a By end of 2020-21 Delayed. Could be completed by the end of 2021-22. Awaiting development of a model and indicators by Science.
16 Quebec Northern Beluga (Nunavik) By end of 2020-21 Delayed. A new management plan should be developed and approved in 2020-21.  The timeline for completion of the recovery plan will be reviewed in light of the progress made in 2020-21
17 Pacific WCVI Chinook By end of 2020-21 Roundtable meetings in 2020-21 to finalize area-level management plans and completion of rebuilding plan by March 2021.
18 Pacific Herring Haida Gwaii (Pacific QCI) By end of 2020-21 Rebuilding plan completion by end of December 2020 as committed to under the Gwaii Haanas Land- Sea- People Management Plan.
19 Newfoundland and Labrador 3Ps Cod By end of 2020-21 Science framework assessment was completed and new model selected.  Stock assessment that occurred in November 2019 indicate stock is in critical zone. 
B. Other Stock Rebuilding Plans
# Region Fish Stock Date of completion Description of Activity in 2020-21
1 Newfoundland and Labrador 2J+3KL Witch Flounder By end of 2020-21

The 2J3KL Witch Flounder Working Group, co-chaired by DFO-Resource Management and DFO-Science was established in 2019 to develop a rebuilding plan.  The working group has proposed a USR and will continue work in 2020-21 to develop a draft rebuilding plan.  The rebuilding plan, once developed, will be presented to the 2+3KLMNO Groundfish Advisory Committee for consideration.

2

Newfoundland and Labrador

and

Quebec
Cod 4RS3PN By end of 2020-21

DFO will initiate a working group process in 2020-21 to develop a rebuilding plan for 4RS3Pn cod. 

3 Quebec Gulf of St. Lawrence Shrimp TBD

Timeline to be determined. Work will be initiated in parallel with the review of the Precautionary Approach.

4 Pacific Interior Fraser Coho TBD

Begin to develop rebuilding plan in 2020-21.

5 Pacific Okanagan Chinook TBD

Begin to develop rebuilding plan in 2020-21.

Section 3: Integrated Fisheries Management Plans

Integrated Fisheries Management Plans (IFMP)
# Region Fish stock Description of Deliverable (2020-21)
1 Maritimes Gaspereau and blueback herring

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will complete IFMP in 2020-21.
2 Maritimes Offshore Clam Will obtain approvals on updated IFMP, if not done by end of FY 19-20.
3 Will post updated IFMP online in 2020-21.
4 Maritimes

Herring 4WX, 4V and 5Z

Will post updated IFMP online in 2020-21.
5 Maritimes

Offshore Lobster and Offshore Jonah Crab

Will post updated IFMP online in 2020-21.
6 Gulf

Lobster- Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence (LFA 23, 24, 25, 26A and 26B)

Will begin IFMP update in 2020-21.
7 Gulf

Snow Crab – CFA 12, 12E, 12F and 19

Will begin IFMP update in 2020-21.
8 Gulf

Atlantic Salmon

Will complete IFMP update in 2020-21.
9 Will post updated IFMP online in 2020-21.
10 Gulf

Gulf of St. Lawrence Groundfish IFMP

Will complete IFMP update in 2020-21.
11 Gulf

Herring 4T (Spring Spawner)
Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Fixed   Gear)
Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Mobile Gear)

Will complete IFMP update in 2020-21.
12 Will post updated IFMP online in 2020-21.
13 Quebec

Lobster LFA 17

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will complete IFMP in 2020-21.
14

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will post completed IFMP online in 2020-21.
15 Quebec Whelk

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will complete IFMP in 2020-21.
16

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will post completed IFMP online in 2020-21.
17 National Capital Region

Mackerel (Atlantic) NAFO 3-4

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will post IFMP update online in 2020-21.
18 Central and Arctic

Bowhead Whale – Eastern Canada-West Greenland

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will complete IFMP in 2020-21.
19 Central and Arctic

Arctic Char – Cambridge Bay

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will complete IFMP update in 2020-21.
20

Carry forward from 2019-20.

Will post completed IFMP online in 2020-21.

*All items noted as “Carry-forward from 2019-20” are activities that were not carried out as described in the Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s Work Plans for fiscal 2019-20 in response to Recommendation 2.28, 2.63 and 2.65 in the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development’s (CESD) October 2016 Report 2- Sustaining Canada’s Major Fish Stocks – Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

This workplan was developed prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and therefore timing of certain deliverables will need to be adjusted.

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