Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s Work Plans for fiscal 2019-20 in response to Recommendation 2.28, 2.63 and 2.65 in the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development’s (CESD) October 2016 Report 2- Sustaining Canada’s major fish stocks – Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Introduction

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) has developed three work plans in response to Recommendation 2.28, 2.63 and 2.65 in the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development’s (CESD)’s October 2016 Report 2- Sustaining Canada’s Major Fish Stocks – Fisheries and Oceans Canada. The audit recommendations and Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s response to each recommendation can be found in the Department’s Management Action Plan.

The three work plans identify priority actions for fiscal 2019-20 to:

  • Develop precautionary approach reference points and harvest control rules for the major fish stocks. This plan (Work Plan 1) is in response to recommendations 2.63 and 2.65.
  • Develop rebuilding plans for major fish stocks that are in the precautionary approach critical zone that do not have a rebuilding plan. This plan (Work Plan 2) is in response to recommendation 2.28.
  • Complete Integrated Fisheries Management Plans (IFMPs) for the major fish stocks that currently do not have an IFMP, update IFMPs as needed, and make IFMPs accessible via the DFO website. This plan (Work Plan 3) is in response to recommendation 2.28.

At the end of fiscal year 2019-20, DFO will update the three work plans with new priority actions to be undertaken in 2020-21. The work plans and their 2019-20 deliverables are described in the tables below.

Work Plan 1: Precautionary Approach Reference Points and Harvest Control Rules

A. Precautionary Approach Limit Reference Points (LRP) to be developed in fiscal year 2019-20
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverables (2019-20)
1 Quebec Snow Crab Coastal (12A, 12B, 12C, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16A, 17) Will complete the development of LRP in 2019-20.
2 Quebec Atlantic Halibut - 4RST Will complete the development of LRP in 2019-20.
3 Central and Arctic Region Greenland Halibut – Cumberland Sound Will complete the development of LRP in 2019-20.
4 Pacific Red Sea Urchin Will complete the development of LRP in 2019-20.
B. Work scheduled in fiscal year 2019-20 to update or revise Limit Reference Points (LRP)
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverables (2019-20)
1 Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab 2J 3KLNO 3Ps Will begin revision of LRP in 2019-20.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador 2J3KLPs Capelin Will continue revision of LRP in 2019-20.
3 Newfoundland and Labrador 3LNOPs Monkfish Will continue revision of LRP in 2019-20.
4 Newfoundland and Labrador 3KLPs Lumpfish Will continue revision of LRP in 2019-20.
5 National Capital Region Northern Shrimp, SFAs 4, 5 and 6 Will begin update of LRP in 2019-20.
6 Pacific Albacore Tuna – North Pacific Will begin update of LRP in 2019-20.
7 Pacific Giant Red Sea Cucumber Will begin update of LRP in 2019-20.
C. Work scheduled in fiscal year 2019-20 to make progress in developing Limit Reference Points (LRP). For these stocks LRP’s are not necessarily expected to be finalized in 2019-2020.
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverables (2019-20)
1 Newfoundland and Labrador 3NOPs White Hake Will continue revision of LRP in 2019-20.

New LRP proposed to Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) in June 2019.
2 Gulf Region Rock crab 23, 24, 25, 26A Will begin to develop LRP in 2019-20.
3 Gulf Region Scallop - Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence (SFA 21a, b, c, 22, 23, 24) Will continue development of LRP in 2019-20.
D. Work scheduled in fiscal year 2019-20 determining Upper Stock Reference Points (USR)
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverables (2019-20)
1 Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab 2J 3KLNO 3Ps
Will begin to develop USR in 2019-20.
2 Gulf Region Atlantic Salmon Will continue to develop USR in 2019-20.

Development of PA framework will continue in 2019-2020 with consultations on proposed USR and decision rules for the recreational fishery in the Miramichi river system.
3 Quebec Snow Crab Coastal (12A, 12B, 12C, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16A, 17) Will begin to develop USR in 2019-20.

Possibility of completion in 2020-21.
4 Quebec Greenland Halibut - 4RST Will complete development of USR in
2019-20. Footnote 1
5 Quebec Atlantic Halibut - 4RST Will begin to develop USR in 2019-20.

USR may be established in 2020-21.
6 National Capital Region Northern shrimp SFAs 4, 5, 6 Will begin to develop USR in 2019-20.
7 Pacific Albacore Tuna – North Pacific Will begin to develop USR in 2019-20.
8 Pacific Pacific Herring (Haida Gwaii, Prince Rupert District, Central Coast) Will begin to develop USR in 2019-20.
9 Pacific Giant Red Sea Cucumber Will begin to update USR in 2019-20.
10 Pacific Red Sea Urchin Will begin to develop USR in 2019-20.
E. Work scheduled in fiscal year 2019-20 determining Precautionary Approach Harvest Control Rules (HCR)
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverables (2019-20)
1 Newfoundland and Labrador 2J 3KLNO 3Ps Snow Crab Will begin to develop HCR in 2019-20.
2 Maritimes Lobster (LFA 27-33) Will complete HCR for 8 LFAs (27-33) in 2019-20.
3 Gulf Region Atlantic salmon Will continue to develop HCR in 2019-20.Footnote 1

Development of PA framework will continue in 2019-20 with consultations on proposed USR and decision rules for the recreational fishery in the Miramichi river system.
4 Gulf Region Herring 4T (Spring Spawner) Will continue to develop HCR in 2019-20.Footnote 1

The precautionary approach will be addressed in the rebuilding plan.
5 Gulf Region Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Fixed Gear) Will continue to develop HCR in 2019-20.Footnote 1
6 Gulf Region Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Mobile Gear) Will continue to develop HCR in 2019-20.Footnote 1
7 Quebec Snow Crab Coastal (12A, 12B, 12C, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16A, 17) Will begin to develop HCR in 2019-20.

Development may be completed in 2020-21.
8 Quebec Greenland Halibut - 4RST Will complete development of HCR in 2019-20.
9 Quebec Atlantic Halibut - 4RST Will begin to develop HCR in 2019-20.

Development may be completed in 2020-21.
10 Pacific Albacore Tuna – North Pacific Will begin update of HCR in 2019-20.
11 Pacific Pacific Herring (Haida Gwaii, Prince Rupert District, Central Coast) Will begin update of HCR in 2019-20.
12 Pacific Yelloweye Rockfish (Outside) Will begin update of HCR in 2019-20.
13 Pacific Sablefish Will begin update of HCR in 2019-20.
14 Pacific Hake Will begin development of HCR in 2019-20.
15 Pacific Giant Red Sea Cucumber Will begin to update HCR in 2019-20.
16 Pacific Red Sea Urchin Will begin to update HCR in 2019-20.

Work Plan 2: Fish stock rebuilding plans

DFO has prioritized the development of rebuilding plans for 19 fish stocks. 
# Region Stock Expected date of completion (fiscal year) Description of deliverables 2019-2020
1 Pacific Yelloweye Rockfish, inside/outside By end of 2017-18 Completed.
Note: Outside Yelloweye rebuilding plan to be updated in 2019-20. Inside Yelloweye rebuilding plan may be updated in 2019-20 dependent on funding.
2 Maritimes Atlantic Cod – 4X5Y By end of 2017-18 Completed.
3 National Capital Region Redfish Unit I By end of 2018-19 No longer required.
4 National Capital Region Redfish Unit II By end of 2018-19 No longer required.
5 Newfoundland and Labrador Atlantic Cod – 2J3KL By end of 2018-19 Delayed.

Divergent stakeholder views limited progress in defining a harvest decision rule; draft plan presented by DFO to stakeholders (Spring 2018); adoption / further development of the plan was put on hold pending LRP review (January 2019); next steps to be determined.Footnote 1
6 Maritimes Atlantic Cod – 5ZjM By end of 2018-19 Completed.
7 Maritimes Yellowtail Flounder – 5Z By end of 2018-19 Completed.
8 Gulf Cod, Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence – 4TVn By end of 2020-21 Consultant will be hired to draft rebuilding plan in 2019-20.
9 Gulf Herring 4T (Spring Spawner) By end of 2020-21 Rebuilding plan will be completed in 2020-21.
10 Gulf Plaice (American), Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence – 4T By end of 2020-21 Consultant will be hired to draft rebuilding plan in 2019-20.
11 Gulf White Hake 4T By end of 2020-21 Consultant will be hired to draft rebuilding plan in 2019-20.
12 Gulf Winter Flounder 4T By end of 2020-21 Consultant will be hired to draft rebuilding plan in 2019-20.
13 National Capital Region Northern Shrimp – SFA 6 By end of 2017-18 Completed in 2018-19.
14 National Capital Region Mackerel (Atlantic) NAFO 3-4 By end of 2019-20 In progress. Completion expected by end of fiscal 2019-20.
15 Quebec Iceland Scallop - SFA 16ef, 18a By end of 2020-21 In progress. Awaiting Science report.
16 Quebec Northern Beluga (Nunavik) By end of 2020-21 In progress. A revision to target completion date may be required. This may be determined based on progress made in 2019-20.
17 Pacific WCVI Chinook By end of 2020-21 Continue workshops and outmigration and hatchery return work to address knowledge gaps. Begin compiling draft local/area sub-plans and risk assessments into WCVI wide plan.
18 Pacific Herring Haida Gwaii (Pacific QCI) By end of 2020-21 Complete operating model and begin simulation testing of management procedures against rebuilding objectives.
19 Newfoundland and Labrador 3Ps Cod By end of 2020-21 Framework assessment to be completed in fall 2019. Outcome will inform development of rebuilding plan. Remains on track for 2020-21 deliverable.
Other stock rebuilding plans
1 Newfoundland and Labrador 2J+3KL Witch Flounder By end of 2020-21 Identified as a potential stock for development of rebuilding plan but no specific deliverables identified. Working group established and discussions initiated with stakeholders.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador and
Quebec
Cod 4RS3PN By end of 2020-21 The existing plan (developed jointly by NL and Quebec Regions) was initially implemented for a period of 5 years and scheduled for review in 2018-19. Stock assessment taking place in the winter of 2019. Regions to collaborate on work plan for review / update beginning in 2019.
3 Quebec Gulf of St. Lawrence Shrimp N/A Target date to be determined. The stock is not currently in the critical zone, however it is anticipated to do so soon. Work will begin immediately.
4 Pacific Bocaccio By end of 2017-18 Completed.

Work Plan 3: Integrated Fisheries Management Plans  (IFMPs)

A. New Integrated Fisheries Management Plans (IFMP) to be completed in fiscal year 2019-20
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverable
1 Newfoundland and Labrador Whelk Will develop IFMP in 2019-20.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador Toad and Rock Crab Will develop IFMP in 2019-20.
3 Maritimes Gaspereau and blueback herring Will complete IFMP in 2019-20.
4 Quebec Whelk (zones 1-15, except 10) Will complete IFPM in 2019-20.
5 Quebec Lobster zone 17 Will complete IFMP in 2019-20.
6 Central and Arctic Region Bowhead Whale –
Eastern Canada-West
Greenland
Will complete IFMP in 2019-20.
B. Integrated Fisheries Management Plans (IFMP) to be updated in fiscal year 2019-20
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverable
1 Maritimes Offshore Clam Will update IFMP in 2019-20.Footnote 1
2 Maritimes Herring 4WX, 4Vn and 5Z Will update IFMP in 2019-20.
3 Maritimes Offshore lobster Will update IFMP in 2019-20.

Update to IFMP, including addition of new reference points and harvest control rules (developed in 2017 and 2018).
4 Gulf Region Rock Crab – LFA 24, 25,
26A and 26B
Will complete and post online in 2019-20.
5 Gulf Region Scallop – Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence (SFA 21a, b, c, 22, 23, 24) Will complete and post online in 2019-20.Footnote 1
6 Gulf Region Atlantic Salmon Will update IFMP in 2019-20.Footnote 1
7 Gulf Region Gulf of St. Lawrence Groundfish IFMP Will update IFMP in 2019-20.Footnote 1
8 Gulf Region Herring 4T (Spring Spawner)
Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Fixed   Gear)
Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Mobile Gear)
Will update IFMP in 2019-20.Footnote 1
9 National Capital Region Atlantic Seals Will update IFMP in 2019-20.
10 National Capital Region Mackerel (Atlantic) NAFO 3-4 Will update IFMP in 2019-20.Footnote 1
11 Central and Arctic Region Arctic Char – Cambridge Bay Will update existing (2014) IFMP in 2019-20.
C. Integrated Fisheries Management Plans (IFMPs) that will be made accessible via the DFO website in fiscal 2019-20
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverable
1 Newfoundland and Labrador Whelk IFMP will be developed and posted in 2019-20.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador Toad and Rock Crab IFMP will be developed and posted in 2019-20.
3 Gulf Region Atlantic Salmon IFMP will be updated and posted in 2019-20.Footnote 1
4 Gulf Region Scallop - Southern
Gulf of St. Lawrence
(SFA 21a, b, c, 22, 23, 24)
IFMP will be updated and posted in 2019-20.Footnote 1
5 Maritimes Lobster, LFAs 27-38 LFA 27-38 IFMP will be updated and posted in 2019-20.

Will include new LFA 27-33 reference points (developed in FY 2018-19).
6 Quebec Greenland Halibut 4RST Will complete and post IFMP in 2019-20.Footnote 1
7 Quebec Whelk (zones 1 – 15, except 10) Will complete and post IFMP in 2019-20.
8 Quebec Lobster zone 17 Will complete and post IFMP in 2019-20.
9 National Capital Region Atlantic Seals Will update and post IFMP in 2019-20.
10 Central and Arctic Region Arctic Char – Cambridge Bay Will update and post IFMP in 2019-20.
11 Central and Arctic Region Dolly Varden – Big Fish, Rat, Firth, Babbage, Vittrekwa Will post IFMP in 2019-20.Footnote 1
12 Central and Arctic Region Greenland Halibut – NAFO Division 0A/0B Will post IFMP in 2019-20.

Note: Unless otherwise specified, any work indicating ‘’to begin’’ or ‘’to continue’’ may not necessarily result in completion of the given item. Work may be required to continue in future years prior to completion.