Work plans for fiscal 2018-19

Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s work plans for fiscal 2018-19 in response to recommendation 2.28, 2.63 and 2.65 in the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development’s (CESD)  October 2016 Report 2 - Sustaining Canada's major fish stocks - Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Introduction:

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) has developed three work plans in response to Recommendation 2.28, 2.63 and 2.65 in the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development’s (CESD)’s October 2016 Report 2- Sustaining Canada’s Major Fish Stocks – Fisheries and Oceans Canada. The audit recommendations and Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s response to each recommendation can be found in the Department’s Management Action Plan.

The three work plans identify priority actions for fiscal 2018-19 to:

  • Develop precautionary approach reference points and harvest control rules for the major fish stocks. This plan (Work Plan 1) is in response to recommendations 2.63 and 2.65.
  • Develop rebuilding plans for major fish stocks that are in the precautionary approach critical zone that do not have a rebuilding plan. This plan (Work Plan 2) is in response to recommendation 2.28.
  • Complete Integrated Fisheries Management Plans (IFMPs) for the major fish stocks that currently do not have an IFMP, update IFMPs as needed, and make IFMPs accessible via the DFO website. This plan (Work Plan 3) is in response to recommendation 2.28.

At the end of fiscal year 2018-19, DFO will update the three work plans with new priority actions to be undertaken in 2019-20. The work plans and their 2018-19 deliverables are described in the tables below.

Work Plan 1: Precautionary Approach Reference Points and Harvest Control Rules

(A) Precautionary Approach Limit Reference Points (LRP) to be developed in fiscal year 2018-19
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverables (2018-19)
1 Newfoundland and Labrador 3Ps Witch Flounder Develop limit reference points by March 31, 2019.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador 2J+3KL Witch Flounder Develop limit reference points by March 31, 2019.
3 Central & Arctic Arctic Char – Jayko Lake and Halovik River Develop limit reference points by March 31, 2019.
4 Quebec Greenland Halibut - 4RST The limit reference point is established and an upper stock reference point is suggested by science. The latter will be set in FY 2018-19 following discussions with fisheries management and industry.
5 Maritimes Herring Development of upper stock reference in 2018-19.
(B) Other work scheduled in fiscal year 2018-19 to update and revise or begin to develop  Limit Reference Points (LRP)
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverables (2018-19)
1 Newfoundland and Labrador Northern Shrimp (SFA 4-6) Ongoing evaluation and potential revision of LRPs in FY 2018-19.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador 3Ps Haddock Ongoing evaluation and potential development of LRPs in FY 2018-19.
3 Newfoundland and Labrador 2J3KLPs Capelin Ongoing evaluation and potential development of LRPs in FY 2018-19.
4 Newfoundland and Labrador 2J 3KLNO 3Ps Snow Crab Ongoing evaluation and potential development of LRPs in FY 2018-19.
5 Newfoundland and Labrador 3LNOPs Thorny Skate Ongoing evaluation and potential development of LRPs in FY 2018-19.
6 Newfoundland and Labrador 3LNOPs Monkfish Ongoing evaluation and potential development of LRPs in FY 2018-19.
7 Newfoundland and Labrador 3KLPs Lumpfish Ongoing evaluation and potential development of LRPs in FY 2018-19.
8 Newfoundland and Labrador 2+3KLMNO Greenland Halibut (turbot) Ongoing evaluation and potential development of LRPs in FY 2018-19.
9 Pacific Green Sea Urchin Analysis of provisional limit reference points in FY 2018-19 for better alignment with the PA. Ongoing evaluation for fully PA compliant LRP possibly in 2020.
10 Maritimes Spiny Dogfish Update to limit reference points (for Atlantic Canada), if Science determines that a change needs to be made (LRP will be reviewed by Science in FY 2018-19).
11 Maritimes Atlantic Cod (4X5Y) Update to limit reference points, if Science determines that a change needs to be made (LRP will be reviewed by Science in FY 2018-19).
12 Maritimes Offshore Lobster Update on progress in developing the precautionary approach framework; update to reference points. Some minor updates and corrections. Footnote 1
13 Quebec Snow Crab Coastal (12A, 12B, 12C, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16A, 17) Preliminary work on the development of reference points will be re-examined and a new analysis of the dynamics of abundance cycles will be performed on units where biological information is more complete (i.e. Area 17). The analysis will be used to define the indicators used to determine reference points. The reference points will be determined in FY 2019-20.
14 Gulf Scallop - Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence (SFA 21a, b, c, 22, 23, 24) FY 2018-19: Stock assessment schedule for May 2018. Present stock assessment and reference points to industry.
(C) Work scheduled in fiscal year 2018-19 to develop or evaluate Precautionary Approach Harvest Control Rules (HCR)
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverables (2018-19)
1 Newfoundland and Labrador 2J3KL Atlantic Cod Continued evaluation of HRC.Footnote 1
2 Newfoundland and Labrador 2+3KLMNO Greenland Halibut (turbot) Development of exceptional circumstances protocol (within NAFO) to monitor performance of recently adopted HCR.
3 Gulf Lobster Southern Gulf LFA 23,24,25,26A,26B HCR to be implemented in FY 2018-19 pending approval. Footnote 1
4 Gulf Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Mobile Gear) FY 18-19: implement HCR compliant with precautionary approach. Footnote 1
5 Gulf Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Fixed Gear) FY 18-19: Meetings with working groups are planned to reconvene and to revisit HCR with stakeholders. Footnote 1

6 Gulf Herring 4T (Spring Spawner) FY 18-19: Meetings are planned with stakeholders to develop HCR. Footnote 1
7 Pacific Southern Inside Coho Salmon Management reference points will be evaluated and implemented by March 31, 2019.
8 Pacific Herring Development of upper stock reference points and evaluation of PA aligned HCR for West Coast of Vancouver Island and Strait of Georgia stocks in FY 2018-19.

Work Plan 2: Fish stock rebuilding plans

DFO has prioritized the development of rebuilding plans for 19 fish stocks.
# Region Fish stock Expected date of completion (fiscal year) Description of deliverables (2018-19)
1 Pacific Yelloweye Rockfish, inside/outside By end of 2017-18 Completed in 2017-18.
2 Maritimes Atlantic Cod – 4X5Y By end of 2017-18 Completed in 2017-18.
3 National Capital Region Redfish Unit I By end of 2018-19 Management Strategy Evaluation (MSE) and rebuilding plan will be completed in 2018-19.
4 National Capital Region Redfish Unit II By end of 2018-19 Management Strategy Evaluation (MSE) and rebuilding plan will be completed in 2018-19.
5 Newfoundland and Labrador Atlantic Cod -2J3KL By end of 2018-19 Continue to evaluate model and HCR to inform 2018 management decision. Rebuilding plan to be completed by end of 2018-19.
6 Maritimes Atlantic Cod – 5ZjM By end of 2018-19 Continue to work with U.S. and draft rebuilding plan by end of 2018-19.
7 Maritimes Yellowtail Flounder – 5Z By end of 2018-19 Current rebuilding measures are included in the overarching Groundfish IFMP, developed in FY 17-18. Refinement analysis ongoing.
8 Gulf Cod, Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence - 4TVn By end of 2020-21 2018-19 Meetings with industry to discuss rebuilding objectives. Draft rebuilding plans will be prepared.
9 Gulf Herring 4T (Spring Spawner) By end of 2020-21 2018-19 Meetings with industry to discuss rebuilding objectives. Draft rebuilding plans will be prepared.
10 Gulf Plaice (American ), Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence - 4T By end of 2020-21 2018-19 Meetings with industry to discuss rebuilding objectives. Draft rebuilding plans will be prepared.
11 Gulf White Hake 4T By end of 2020-21 2018-19 Meetings with industry to discuss rebuilding objectives. Draft rebuilding plans will be prepared.
12 Gulf Winter Flounder 4T By end of 2020-21 2018-19 Meetings with industry to discuss rebuilding objectives. Draft rebuilding plans will be prepared.
13 National Capital Region Northern Shrimp – SFA 6 By end of 2017-18 Completed in 2017-18.
14 National Capital Region Mackerel (Atlantic) NAFO 3-4 By end of 2019-20 Two meetings are planned with the working group to develop objectives and other components for testing within a management strategy evaluation model for mackerel.
15 Quebec Iceland Scallop - SFA 16ef, 18a By end of 2020-21 A scientific survey will be carried out in the management units. A choice of indicators to determine reference points will be made based on the analysis of available biological data and the precautionary approach developed for scallop of an adjacent management unit.
16 Quebec Northern Beluga (Nunavik) By end of 2020-21 Two meetings are planned with Aboriginal communities to discuss the development of the rebuilding plan.
17 Pacific WCVI Chinook By end of  2020-21 Hold workshops to determine issues and potential actions for Clayoquot chinook. Address knowledge gaps in outmigration and hatchery return information (field studies, data collection and reporting)
18 Pacific Herring Haida Gwaii (Pacific QCI) By end of 2018-19 Expected date of completion revised from 2018-19 to 2020-21.
Draft rebuilding plan developed preliminary simulations to evaluate draft objectives to begin. Hold meetings with Haida to discuss results of simulations and refine objectives.
19 Newfoundland and Labrador 3Ps Cod By end of 2020-21 Benchmark assessment process in advance of rebuilding plan development.
HCR to inform 2020 management decision. Rebuilding plan to be completed by 2020-21.

Work Plan 3: Integrated Fisheries Management Plans  (IFMPs)

(A) New Integrated Fisheries Management Plans (IFMP) to be completed in fiscal year 2018-19
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverable
1 Newfoundland and Labrador
  • 2J+3KL Cod
  • 2GH Cod
  • 3LNO Haddock
  • 2+3K Redfish
  • 2+3K and 3NLO American Plaice
  • 3NLO Yellowtail
  • 2+3KL Witch
  • 2+3K  Greenland Halibut (Turbot)
  • 3LMNO Greenland Halibut (Turbot)
  • 2+3KL Grenadier
  • 3LNO Skates
  • 2+3KL Winter Flounder
  • 2GHL & 3KL Lumpfish
Groundfish 2+3KLMNO IFMP will be completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador Recreational Salmon in NL Recreational Salmon IFMP will be completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
3 Newfoundland and Labrador 3Ps Sea Cucumber 3Ps Sea Cucumber IFMP will be completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
4 Newfoundland and Labrador Sea Urchin in NL Completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
5 Quebec Lobster – 19, 20 and 21 Lobster – 19, 20 and 21 IFMP be completed and posted by end of 2018-19Footnote 2
6 Quebec Snow Crab Coastal areas 13 to 17, 12ABC and 16A Snow Crab Coastal areas 13 to 17, 12ABC and 16A IFMP will be completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
(B) Integrated Fisheries Management Plans (IFMP) to be updated in fiscal year 2018-19
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverable
1 Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab in NL Region Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador Scallop in NL Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.
3 Gulf Lobster, Southern Gulf - LFA 23, 24, 25, 26A and 26B Gulf of St. Lawrence Lobster, Southern Gulf - LFA 23, 24, 25, 26A and 26B IFMP will be updated by end of 2018-19.
4 Central & Arctic Greenland Halibut NAFO Division 0A/0B Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.
5 Maritimes Offshore Clam Update to be completed by end of 2018-19.
6 Maritimes Spiny Dogfish Update to limit reference points (for Atlantic Canada), if Science determines that a change needs to be made (limit reference points will be reviewed by Science in 18/19).
7 Maritimes Atlantic Cod (4X5Y) Update to limit reference points, if Science determines that a change needs to be made (limit reference points will be reviewed by Science in 18/19).
8 Maritimes Inshore Lobster (LFAs 27-33) Update on progress in developing the precautionary approach framework; update to reference points. Some minor updates and corrections.
9 Quebec Greenland Halibut Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.
10 Quebec Herring 4S Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.
(C) Integrated Fisheries Management Plans (IFMPs) that will be made accessible via the DFO website in fiscal 2018-19
# Region Fish stock Description of deliverable
1 National Capital Region Northern Shrimp Posted online by end of 2018-19.
2 Newfoundland and Labrador Lobster LFA’s 3-14c Posted online by end of 2018-19.
3 Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab in NL Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.
4 Newfoundland and Labrador Scallop in NL Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.
5 Newfoundland and Labrador Groundfish 2+3KLMNO Completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
6 Newfoundland and Labrador Recreational Salmon Completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
7 Newfoundland and Labrador 3Ps Sea Cucumber Completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
8 Newfoundland and Labrador Sea Urchin in NL Completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
9 Gulf Rock Crab - LFA 24,25, 26A and 26B Posted online by end of 2018-19.
10 Gulf Scallop - Southern Gulf of St. Lawrence (SFA 21a, b, c, 22, 23, 24) Posted online by end of 2018-19.
11 Gulf Atlantic Salmon Posted online by end of 2018-19.
12 Gulf Gulf of St.Lawrence Groundfish IFMP Posted online by end of 2018-19. Footnote 3
13 Gulf
  • Herring - 4T - (Spring Spawner)
  • Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Fixed Gear)
  • Herring 4T (Fall Spawner) (Mobile Gear)
Posted online by end of 2018-19.Footnote 3
14 Central & Arctic Greenland Halibut NAFO Division 0A/0B Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.
15 Central & Arctic North Slope Dolly Varden – Big Fish, Firth, Babbage, Vittrekwa Posted online by end of 2018-19.
16 Central & Arctic Narwhal – High Arctic and Northern Hudson Bay Completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
17 Quebec Lobster – 19, 20 et 21 Completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
18 Quebec Greenland Halibut Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.
19 Quebec Snow Crab Inshore (13 to 17, 12ABC, and 16A) Completed and posted by end of 2018-19.
20 Quebec Herring 4S Updated and posted by end of 2018-19.